Advertisement

Topics

The effect of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine consumption and vegetarian diet on gallstone prevalence.

06:00 EDT 31st August 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "The effect of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine consumption and vegetarian diet on gallstone prevalence."


AIM:
To investigate the effects of alcohol, tobacco and caffeine consumption and of vegetarian diet on gallstone prevalence in an urban population sample.
METHODS:
A total of 2417 individuals underwent ultrasound examination and completed a standardized questionnaire as part of the EMIL study. Statistical analysis of the data considered the known risk factors of age, female sex, BMI, positive family history and potential confounders, such as alcohol, caffeine and tobacco consumption and vegetarian diet using multiple logistic regression with variable selection.
RESULTS:
The prevalence of gallstones in the population sample was 8% (171 out of 2147). Findings of the study confirmed the classic risk factors of age, female sex, obesity and positive family history. After the variable selection of potential risk factors in a logistic regression that was adjusted for age, female sex, BMI and positive family history, the factors like tobacco [odds ratio (OR) 1.09, 95% confidence interval (CI): 0.76-1.56, P=0.64] and caffeine consumption (
OR:
0.77, 95%
CI:
0.42-1.42, P=0.40) as well as vegetarian diet (
OR:
1.14, 95%
CI:
0.39-3.35, P=0.81) had no effect on gallstone prevalence. A protective effect against development of gallstones was shown for alcohol consumption (
OR:
0.67, 95%
CI:
0.46-0.99, P=0.04).
CONCLUSION:
The factors like tobacco and caffeine consumption as well as vegetarian diet exerted no measurable effect on the prevalence of gallstones. A protective effect was found for alcohol consumption.

Affiliation

aDepartment of Internal Medicine II bDepartment of Internal Medicine I, University Hospital Ulm, Germany cLouis Stokes Cleveland Department of Veterans Affairs Medical Center Brecksville Division, Brecksville, Ohio, USA.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: European journal of gastroenterology & hepatology
ISSN: 1473-5687
Pages:

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [16133 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Effects of coffee/caffeine on brain health and disease: What should I tell my patients?

Over the last decade, Food Regulation Authorities have concluded that coffee/caffeine consumption is not harmful if consumed at levels of 200 mg in one sitting (around 2½ cups of coffee) or 400 m...

The Association Between Alcohol Consumption and Lung Carcinoma by Histological Subtype.

Alcohol is a carcinogen suspected of increasing lung cancer risk. Therefore, we prospectively evaluated the relationship between alcohol consumption and lung carcinoma in 492,902 persons from the Nati...

Chronic Alcohol Consumption Leads to a Tissue Specific Expression of Uncoupling Protein-2.

Uncoupling proteins (UCPs) are anion channels that can decouple the mitochondrial respiratory chain. "Mild uncoupling" of internal respiration reduces free radical production and oxidative cell stress...

Portion, package or tableware size for changing selection and consumption of food, alcohol and tobacco.

Overeating and harmful alcohol and tobacco use have been linked to the aetiology of various non-communicable diseases, which are among the leading global causes of morbidity and premature mortality. A...

Nicotine Deprivation Produces Deficits in Pain Perception that are Moderately Attenuated by Caffeine Consumption.

During withdrawal, nicotine users experience aversive withdrawal symptoms, such as increased nociceptive processing, which may be responsible for subsequent use. Smokers often consume more caffeine th...

Clinical Trials [4002 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Combined Effects of Alcohol and Caffeine

The purpose of this study is to investigate the effects of caffeine on the self-administration of alcohol. The study will also examine the combined effects of alcohol and caffeine on beha...

Effect of Varenicline on Reactivity to Smoking and Drinking Cues in Individuals With Concurrent Tobacco Dependence and Alcohol Use

Alcohol and nicotine dependence are often co-morbid, with 85% of alcoholics also smoking. However, very little research has been conducted into the nature of this co-occurrence. Thus, the ...

Prevention of Cardiovascular Disease With Med or Veg Diets

The study is a randomized, open, cross-over trial designed to test whether a vegetarian diet would benefit the cardiovascular risk profile of the participants, compared with a Mediterranea...

Does a Low-Fat Vegetarian Diet Improve Insulin Resistance in Individuals With Type 2 Diabetes?

The aim of the study is to evaluate the effect of experimental (vegetarian) diet compared to conventional diet with similar caloric restriction on insulin resistance, body weight and body ...

High Protein Atkin's Complete (Lacto) VEgetaRian Diet (PACER) and Weight Loss

This study evaluates the effects "High Protein Atkin's Complete (lacto) VEgetaRian Diet (Acronym; 'PACER' diet) on weight, body composition and metabolic profiles in obese Asian Indians su...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A diet typical of the Mediterranean region characterized by a pattern high in fruits and vegetables, cereals and bread, potatoes, poultry, beans, nuts, olive oil and fish while low in red meat and dairy and moderate in alcohol consumption.

Dietary practice of completely avoiding meat products in their DIET, consuming vegetables, grains, and nuts. Some who are called lacto-ovo also include milk and egg products.

Disease of CARDIAC MUSCLE resulting from chronic excessive alcohol consumption. Myocardial damage can be caused by: (1) a toxic effect of alcohol; (2) malnutrition in alcoholics such as THIAMINE DEFICIENCY; or (3) toxic effect of additives in alcoholic beverages such as COBALT. This disease is usually manifested by DYSPNEA and palpitations with CARDIOMEGALY and congestive heart failure (HEART FAILURE).

A methylxanthine naturally occurring in some beverages and also used as a pharmacological agent. Caffeine's most notable pharmacological effect is as a central nervous system stimulant, increasing alertness and producing agitation. It also relaxes SMOOTH MUSCLE, stimulates CARDIAC MUSCLE, stimulates DIURESIS, and appears to be useful in the treatment of some types of headache. Several cellular actions of caffeine have been observed, but it is not entirely clear how each contributes to its pharmacological profile. Among the most important are inhibition of cyclic nucleotide PHOSPHODIESTERASES, antagonism of ADENOSINE RECEPTORS, and modulation of intracellular calcium handling.

Tobacco used to the detriment of a person's health or social functioning. Tobacco dependence is included.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 


DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Radiology
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...


Searches Linking to this Article