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SUMMARY Introduction: The aim of this study was to evaluate the bond strength of adhesive luting agents to caries-affected dentin (CAD). Methods: Forty human molars were sectioned to create dental slices presenting exposed occlusal dentin. Half of the samples were submitted to eight caries-induction demineralizing/mineralizing cycles. The pH-cycling model consisted of three hours in a demineralizing solution followed by 45 hours of immersion in a mineralizing solution. Dentin hardness was measured before and after the pH cycling. Resin cement cylinders were built up over the dentin surface using RelyX Unicem or RelyX ARC/Scotchbond Multipurpose Plus. The cement cylinders were submitted to shear load, and the data were analyzed using two-way analysis of variance (ANOVA) and Tukey test (p<0.05). Hardness data were also submitted to two-way ANOVA and Tukey test (p<0.05). The relationship of hardness vs bond strength was assessed via nonlinear regression analysis. Results: Sound dentin (tested and used in caries induction) showed similar values of hardness and were superior to CAD. Both resin cements showed higher bond strength to sound dentin than to CAD. Independent of substrate, RelyX ARC showed the highest values of bond strength. A positive linear relationship between dentin hardness and bond strength was observed for both cements evaluated. Conclusions: The adhesive luting agents evaluated showed lower bond strength to CAD.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Operative dentistry
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Substances used to bond COMPOSITE RESINS to DENTAL ENAMEL and DENTIN. These bonding or luting agents are used in restorative dentistry, ROOT CANAL THERAPY; PROSTHODONTICS; and ORTHODONTICS.
Cements that act through infiltration and polymerization within the dentinal matrix and are used for dental restoration. They can be adhesive resins themselves, adhesion-promoting monomers, or polymerization initiators that act in concert with other agents to form a dentin-bonding system.
Adherent debris produced when cutting the enamel or dentin in cavity preparation. It is about 1 micron thick and its composition reflects the underlying dentin, although different quantities and qualities of smear layer can be produced by the various instrumentation techniques. Its function is presumed to be protective, as it lowers dentin permeability. However, it masks the underlying dentin and interferes with attempts to bond dental material to the dentin.
An autologous or commercial tissue adhesive containing FIBRINOGEN and THROMBIN. The commercial product is a two component system from human plasma that contains more than fibrinogen and thrombin. The first component contains highly concentrated fibrinogen, FACTOR VIII, fibronectin, and traces of other plasma proteins. The second component contains thrombin, calcium chloride, and antifibrinolytic agents such as APROTININ. Mixing of the two components promotes BLOOD CLOTTING and the formation and cross-linking of fibrin. The tissue adhesive is used for tissue sealing, HEMOSTASIS, and WOUND HEALING.
A measure of the binding strength between antibody and a simple hapten or antigen determinant. It depends on the closeness of stereochemical fit between antibody combining sites and antigen determinants, on the size of the area of contact between them, and on the distribution of charged and hydrophobic groups. It includes the concept of "avidity," which refers to the strength of the antigen-antibody bond after formation of reversible complexes.
Dentistry is the study, management and treatment of diseases and conditions affecting the mouth, jaw, teeth and their supporting tissues (Oxford Medical Dictionary) The work of a dentist ranges from regular patient check-up to orthodontics and surgery....