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Subtelomeric rearrangements and copy number variations in people with intellectual disabilities.

06:00 EDT 3rd September 2010 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Subtelomeric rearrangements and copy number variations in people with intellectual disabilities."

Abstract Background The most prevalent type of structural variation in the human genome is represented by copy number variations that can affect transcription levels, sequence, structure and function of genes. Method In the present study, we used the multiplex ligation-dependent probe amplification (MLPA) technique and quantitative PCR for the detection of copy number variation in 132 intellectually disabled male patients with normal karyotypes and negative fragile-X-testing. Results Ten of these patients (7.6%) showed copy number variation in the subtelomeric regions, including deletions and duplications. Discussion Duplications of the SECTM1 gene, located at 17q25.3, and of the FLJ22115 gene, located at 20p13, could be associated with phenotype alterations. This study highlights the relevance in the aetiology of intellectual disability of subtelomeric rearrangements that can be screened by MLPA and other molecular techniques.

Affiliation

Morphology and Genetics Department, Universidade Federal de São Paulo, São Paulo, SP, Brazil.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of intellectual disability research : JIDR
ISSN: 1365-2788
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Stretches of genomic DNA that exist in different multiples between individuals. Many copy number variations have been associated with susceptibility or resistance to disease.

Compositions written by hand, as one written before the invention or adoption of printing. A manuscript may also refer to a handwritten copy of an ancient author. A manuscript may be handwritten or typewritten as distinguished from a printed copy, especially the copy of a writer's work from which printed copies are made. (Webster, 3d ed)

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A copy number variation that results in reduced GENE DOSAGE due to any loss-of-function mutation. The loss of heterozygosity is associated with abnormal phenotypes or diseased states because the remaining gene is insufficient.

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