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The mechanism location and type of injury varies according to patient age and severity of trauma. The imaging work-up with radiographs, CT and MRI must be adapted to each individual case. In the setting of minor trauma, standard radiographs are obtained when clinically indicated. In all other cases of high energy trauma, spinal trauma with neurological deficit or incomplete or difficult standard radiographic evaluation, CT will be indicated for osseous injuries while MRI will provide optimal evaluation of soft tissues. Dislocations require immediate treatment. The imaging work-up should by no means delay management. Significant sprains are rare. Several diagnostic pitfalls occur at both extremities of life.
Service de radiologie, Centre de chirurgie orthopédique et de la main Illkirch BP 49, 67098 Strasbourg cedex, France.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal de radiologie
The aim of treatment in acute traumatic spinal cord injury is to preserve residual neurologic function, avoid secondary injury, and restore spinal alignment and stability. In this second part of the r...
Traumatic spinal cord injury requires a multidisciplinary approach both for specialized treatment of the acute phase and for dealing with the secondary complications. A suspicion or diagnosis of spina...
Objective: To evaluate the clinical application value of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) parameter in evaluating the prognosis of spinal cord injury in acute cervical spinal cord injury. Method: From O...
Spinal cord injury induces the disruption of blood-spinal cord barrier and triggers a complex array of tissue responses, including endocytoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress and autophagy. However, the rol...
To investigate the absorption curve and acute effects of caffeine at rest in individuals with no spinal cord injury (SCI), paraplegia (PARA) and tetraplegia (TETRA).
This study is a prospective multi-center trial designed to determine the safety profile and efficacy of modest (33ºC) intravascular hypothermia following acute cervical (C1 to C8) Spinal ...
The purpose of this study is to investigate the long term outcome of patients who receive hypothermia treatment for spinal cord injury. At this institution, intravascular hypothermia has b...
The purpose of this study is to learn more about how participants heal from acute spinal cord injury.
The aim of this study was to analyze using an artificial intelligence engine (IA) the influence of the pathophysiological environment (set parametric monitoring data, imaging, biology etc....
To establish a spine injury and spinal cord injury (SCI) treatment database; to complete pre- and in-hospital evaluation of spine injury and SCI, develop and optimize first aid procedures,...
The use of molecularly targeted imaging probes to localize and/or monitor biochemical and cellular processes via various imaging modalities that include RADIONUCLIDE IMAGING; ULTRASONOGRAPHY; MAGNETIC RESONANCE IMAGING; fluorescence imaging; and MICROSCOPY.
Abrupt reduction in kidney function defined as an absolute increase in serum CREATININE of more than or equal to 0.3. mg/dl, a percentage increase in serum creatinine of more than or equal to 50%, or a reduction in urine output. Acute kidney injury encompasses the entire spectrum of the syndrome including acute kidney failure; ACUTE KIDNEY TUBULAR NECROSIS; and other less severe conditions.
Repair of the damaged neuron function after SPINAL CORD INJURY or SPINAL CORD DISEASES.
Ischemia or infarction of the spinal cord in the distribution of the anterior spinal artery, which supplies the ventral two-thirds of the spinal cord. This condition is usually associated with ATHEROSCLEROSIS of the aorta and may result from dissection of an AORTIC ANEURYSM or rarely dissection of the anterior spinal artery. Clinical features include weakness and loss of pain and temperature sensation below the level of injury, with relative sparing of position and vibratory sensation. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1249-50)
A group of disorders marked by progressive degeneration of motor neurons in the spinal cord resulting in weakness and muscular atrophy, usually without evidence of injury to the corticospinal tracts. Diseases in this category include Werdnig-Hoffmann disease and later onset SPINAL MUSCULAR ATROPHIES OF CHILDHOOD, most of which are hereditary. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1089)
Radiology is the branch of medicine that studies imaging of the body; X-ray (basic, angiography, barium swallows), ultrasound, MRI, CT and PET. These imaging techniques can be used to diagnose, but also to treat a range of conditions, by allowing visuali...
A joint is where two or more bones come together, like the knee, hip, elbow, or shoulder. Joints can be damaged by many types of injuries or diseases, including Arthritis - inflammation of a joint causes pain, stiffness, and swelling with ...