Hypoglycemic effect of a leaf extract of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Summary of "Hypoglycemic effect of a leaf extract of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats."
Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (Nees) Radlk (Acanthaceae) was first found in Northern Vietnam and expanded throughout the country including the Mekong Delta region. The leaves of this plant are recommended in folk medicine of Vietnam and Thailand for promoting and treating various diseases including hypertension, diarrhea, arthritis, hemorrhoids, stomach ache, tumors, colitis, bleeding, wounds, constipation, flu, colon cancer, nephritis, and diabetes. AIM OF THE
The hypoglycemic effect of an 80% ethanolic leaf extract from the leaves of Pseuderanthemum palatiferum (PPE) was investigated in normal and streptozotocin (STZ)-induced diabetic rats. MATERIALS AND
The PPE was administered daily and orally to the rats at the doses of 250, 500, and 1000mg/kg body weight (b.w.) for 14 days. The levels of fasting plasma glucose (FPG), serum insulin, and biochemical data such as blood urea nitrogen (BUN), triglycerides (TG), total cholesterol (TC), high density lipoprotein (HDL), low density lipoprotein (LDL), and alkaline phosphatase (ALP) were evaluated. The hypoglycemic effect of PPE was compared to that of the known anti-diabetic drug glibenclamide (0.25mg/kg b.w.).
FPG and serum insulin in normal rats were not significantly different from the control and test groups in all dosages. The treated diabetic rats which had received PPE and glibenclamide showed significantly (p<0.05) decreased FPG and increased serum insulin levels at the end of the experiment. The hypoglycemic effect of PPE at the dose of 250 mg/kg b.w. was significantly (p<0.05) more effective than that of glibenclamide. The serum insulin in PPE fed diabetic rats at the dose of 250mg/kg b.w. was not different from those which had received glibenclamide, and this dose was significantly (p<0.05) more effective than PPE at the doses of 500 and 1000mg/kg b.w. while PPE increased HDL and decreased TC, TG, LDL, BUN and ALP in the diabetic rats.
PPE has a beneficial effect in hyperglycemic rats and may prevent the complication of diabetes.
Department of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Faculty of Pharmacy, Mahasarakham University, Maha Sarakham, 44150 Thailand.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of ethnopharmacology
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20813181
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2010.07.056
Dilodendron bipinnatum Radlk., Sapindaceae, is popularly known as 'mulher-pobre'. Its stem bark macerate or decoction is popularly used mainly to treat uterine inflammation and bone fractures.
This study compared the total flavonoid content of Glycyrrhiza glabra L. leaf and root extracts. Results suggested that the total flavonoid content in the leaf extract was obviously higher than that i...
Cytotoxicity of the extracts of Aloe ferox using brine shrimp was evaluated. Effects of the extracts on hatchability and lethality of brine shrimps were reported in terms of minimum inhibitory concent...
Abstract Background: Considering the antihyperglycemic and antioxidant activities of herbs, this study has evaluated the morphological changes, hypoglycemic effect, and comparative ameliorating effect...
Taraxacum officinale L is a medicinal plant, which has enormous medicinal values against various types of liver disorders and it has traditionally been used for the treatment of liver problems by peop...
Mulberry leaf teas or extracts are used as a natural remedy for diabetes in some countries. Animal studies have shown some effect of mulberry leaf extract on blood glucose. The purpose of ...
The purpose of this study is to evaluate whether mulberry leaf extract will help control blood sugar in patients with type 2 diabetes. We also want to look at the safety of mulberry leaf ...
This study will include women who will undergo pelvic reconstructive surgery and/or anti-incontinence sling procedures. Patients will be randomized to the combination of L-methionine, Hib...
The hypothesis is that silver leaf nylon dressing reduces the percentage of patients developing brisk erythema and moist desquamation while undergoing whole breast radiotherapy. The secon...
Diabetes mellitus is the most common metabolic disorder worldwide. Some herbs are traditionally used in treatment of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM). Urtica Dioica (UD) or stinging nettle ...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A plant genus of the family MENISPERMACEAE. Members have been used in AYURVEDIC MEDICINE. Hypoglycemic effect has been reported.
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Rapidly decreasing response to a drug or physiologically active agent after administration of a few doses. In immunology, it is the rapid immunization against the effect of toxic doses of an extract or serum by previous injection of small doses. (Dorland, 28th ed)
A dehydrated extract of thyroid glands from domesticated animals. After the removal of fat and connective tissue, the extract is dried or lyophilized to yield a yellowish to buff-colored amorphous powder containing 0.17-0.23% of iodine.