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The Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) has an important and multifaceted role in liver pathology. As a member of the herpes virus family, EBV establishes a persistent infection in more than 90% of adults. Besides acute hepatitis during primary infection, many clinical syndromes of interest for the hepatologist are associated with EBV infection. The role of EBV in the evolution of chronic hepatitis from hepatotropic viruses is considered. Chronic EBV-associated hepatitis is suspected in immunocompetent adults with compatible serology, suggestive histology and detection of the viral genome in the liver and/or increase of specific circulating cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. EBV is the main cause of post-transplant lymphoproliferative disorders which occur in up to 30% of cases. EBV-driven lymphoproliferative diseases are also recognized in non-immunocompromised patients and liver is involved in up to a third of the cases. Directly implicated in the pathogenesis of different tumors, EBV has a disputable role in hepatocellular carcinoma carcinogenesis. Further research is required in order to establish or reject the role of EBV in human liver cancer. This paper attempts to discuss the range of EBV-associated chronic liver diseases in immunocompetent patients, from mild, self-limiting mononuclear hepatitis to liver cancer.
Clinic of Gastroenterology, Ministry of Interior, MI, 79, "Skobelev" Blvd, Sofia 1606, Bulgaria. firstname.lastname@example.org.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: World journal of gastroenterology : WJG
Epstein Barr virus (EBV) is a human γ-herpesvirus that was discovered in Burkitt's lymphoma more than 50 years ago. Since then it has been proposed as the causative agent of up to 2% of all tumors wo...
Immunodeficient individuals are prone to develop a number of opportunistic infections and unique neoplasms. Epstein-Barr virus-associated smooth muscle tumor is an uncommon neoplasm associated with im...
The aim of this study was to identify specific laboratory indices to distinguish Epstein-Barr virus-associated hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (EBV-HLH) in children.
Acute pancreatitis and acalculous cholecystitis have been occasionally reported in primary acute symptomatic Epstein-Barr virus infection. We completed a review of the literature and retained 48 scien...
Posttransplant lymphoproliferative disorder is a relatively common posttransplant malignancy affecting as many as 10% of all solid-organ recipients. Most cases of posttransplant lymphoproliferative di...
RATIONALE: Donor lymphocytes that have been exposed to Epstein-Barr virus may be able to help the body kill cancers associated with this virus. PURPOSE: Phase I trial to study the effecti...
RATIONALE: The Epstein-Barr virus can cause cancer and lymphoproliferative disorders. Valganciclovir is an antiviral drug that acts against the Epstein-Barr virus. Phenylbutyrate may make ...
RATIONALE: Some types of lymphoma or lymphoproliferative disease are associated with Epstein-Barr virus. White blood cells from donors who are immune to Epstein-Barr virus may be an effect...
RATIONALE: Peripheral blood lymphocyte therapy may be effective in the treatment and prevention of Epstein-Barr virus infection following transplantation. PURPOSE: Phase II trial to study...
RATIONALE: T lymphocytes treated in the laboratory may help the body build an effective immune response to kill tumor cells in patients with Epstein-Barr virus infection. PURPOSE: This ph...
A form of undifferentiated malignant LYMPHOMA usually found in central Africa, but also reported in other parts of the world. It is commonly manifested as a large osteolytic lesion in the jaw or as an abdominal mass. B-cell antigens are expressed on the immature cells that make up the tumor in virtually all cases of Burkitt lymphoma. The Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) has been isolated from Burkitt lymphoma cases in Africa and it is implicated as the causative agent in these cases; however, most non-African cases are EBV-negative.
A common, acute infection usually caused by the Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN). There is an increase in mononuclear white blood cells and other atypical lymphocytes, generalized lymphadenopathy, splenomegaly, and occasionally hepatomegaly with hepatitis.
Epithelial hyperplasia of the oral mucosa associated with Epstein-Barr virus (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) and found almost exclusively in persons with HIV infection. The lesion consists of a white patch that is often corrugated or hairy.
A genus of the family HERPESVIRIDAE, subfamily GAMMAHERPESVIRINAE, infecting B-cells in humans and new world primates. The type species human herpesvirus 4 (HERPESVIRUS 4, HUMAN) is better known as the Epstein-Barr virus.
An angiocentric and angiodestructive lymphoproliferative disorder primarily involving the lungs. It is caused by an Epstein-Barr virus-induced transformation of the B-cells, in a T-cell rich environment. Clinically and pathologically it resembles EXTRANODAL NK-T-CELL LYMPHOMA.
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
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