Simultaneous analysis of antibiotics in biological samples by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.

17:29 EDT 31st July 2015 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Simultaneous analysis of antibiotics in biological samples by ultra high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry."

A rapid and reliable multiclass method was developed for the simultaneous analysis of 21 antibiotics (beta-lactams, aminoglycosides, penicillins, cephalosporins, carbapenems or quinolones) in urine, serum, cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) and bronchial aspirations by ultra-high performance liquid chromatography coupled to tandem mass spectrometry (UHPLC-MS/MS). Prior to chromatographic determination, the analytes were extracted from human biological fluids by simple sample treatments, which imply dilution, liquefaction, or protein precipitation. Several chromatographic conditions were optimized in order to obtain a fast separation (<6min for each chromatographic run). MS/MS conditions were evaluated in order to increase selectivity and sensitivity and all compounds were detected in electrospray (ESI) positive ion mode, except clavulanic acid and sulbactam, which were monitored in negative ion mode. The developed method was validated in terms of linearity, selectivity, limits of detection (LODs) and quantification (LOQs), trueness, repeatability and interday precision. The LOQs ranged from 0.01 to 1.00mg/L for urine, serum and CSF. In case of bronchial aspirations, the LOQs were between 0.02 and 0.67mg/kg. In all matrices the recovery results were in the range 70-120% and interday precision was lower than 25%. Finally, the optimized method was applied to the analysis of biological samples from 10 patients in the intensive care unit (ICU) of a hospital located in Almeria (Spain). Several antibiotics (e.g., amoxicillin, tobramycin, levofloxacin, or linezolid) were found in the studied samples, observing that the highest concentrations were obtained in urine samples.

Affiliation

Research Group "Analytical Chemistry of Contaminants", Department of Chemistry and Physics, University of Almería, E-04120 Almería, Spain.

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Journal of pharmaceutical and biomedical analysis
ISSN: 1873-264X
Pages: 203-212

Links

PubMed Articles [44037 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Application of nano-sized multi-template imprinted polymer for simultaneous extraction of polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon metabolites in urine samples followed by ultra-high performance liquid chromatographic analysis.

Nano-sized molecularly imprinted polymer (nMIP) was synthesized through precipitation polymerization method and used it as solid phase extraction (SPE) sorbent for the selective and simultaneous extra...

Ultra-Performance Liquid Chromatography for the Simultaneous Quantification of Rutin and Chlorogenic Acid in Leaves of Ribes L. Species by Conventional and Chemometric Calibration Approaches.

A new ultra-performance liquid chromatography (UPLC) using conventional and chemometric calibrations was improved for the simultaneous estimation of chlorogenic acid (CA) and rutin (RUT) in leaves of ...

Multi-color quantum dot-based fluorescence immunoassay array for simultaneous visual detection of multiple antibiotic residues in milk.

Antibiotic residues, which are among the most common contaminants in animal-based food products such as milk, have become a significant public health concern. Here, we combine a multicolor quantum dot...

Antibiotic body burden of Chinese school children: a multisite biomonitoring-based study.

To explore the antibiotic body burden of Chinese school children, total urinary concentrations (free and conjugated) of 18 representative antibiotics (five macrolides, two β-lactams, three tetracycli...

Simultaneous determination of antiviral drugs in chicken tissues by ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry.

An ultra high performance liquid chromatography with tandem mass spectrometry method was established for the rapid and simultaneous analysis of seven antiviral drugs, amantadine, rimantadine, memantin...

Clinical Trials [6276 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Evaluate the Ability of Systane Ultra to Improve Subjective Symptoms of Ocular Irritation Post 60 Min. Athletic Performance.

The primary objective of this study is to compare visual degradation in a stressed (forced stare) environment in patients before and after acute administration of Systane Ultra.

Studying Tissue and Blood Samples From Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

RATIONALE: Studying samples of tissue and blood from patients with cancer in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify biomarkers related to c...

Hemodynamic Assessment of Mosaic Ultra Stented Heart Valve in the Aortic Position

The special fixation methodology of the Mosaic Ultra stented procine bioprosthesis allows valves to maintain their natural leaflet structure and root geometry which prevents leaflet calcif...

Effect of Biological Therapy on Biomarkers in Patients With Untreated Hepatitis C, Metastatic Melanoma, or Crohn Disease

RATIONALE: Studying samples of blood from patients with cancer, hepatitis C, or Crohn disease in the laboratory may help doctors learn more about changes that occur in DNA and identify bio...

Gastrointestinal Biomarkers in Tissue and Biological Fluid Samples From Patients and Healthy Participants Undergoing Colonoscopy, Endoscopy, or Surgery

RATIONALE: Studying samples of tissue, blood, urine, stool, and other biological fluids from patients with cancer and from healthy participants may help doctors identify and learn more abo...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The simultaneous analysis, on a microchip, of multiple samples or targets arranged in an array format.

The simultaneous analysis of multiple samples of TISSUES or CELLS from BIOPSY or in vitro culture that have been arranged in an array format on slides or microchips.

Comprehensive, methodical analysis of complex biological systems by monitoring responses to perturbations of biological processes. Large scale, computerized collection and analysis of the data are used to develop and test models of biological systems.

A set of techniques used when variation in several variables has to be studied simultaneously. In statistics, multivariate analysis is interpreted as any analytic method that allows simultaneous study of two or more dependent variables.

A mass-spectrometric technique that is used for microscopic chemical analysis. A beam of primary ions with an energy of 5-20 kiloelectronvolts (keV) bombards a small spot on the surface of the sample under ultra-high vacuum conditions. Positive and negative secondary ions sputtered from the surface are analyzed in a mass spectrometer in regards to their mass-to-charge ratio. Digital imaging can be generated from the secondary ion beams and their intensity can be measured. Ionic images can be correlated with images from light or other microscopy providing useful tools in the study of molecular and drug actions.


Advertisement
 

Relevant Topics

Biological Therapy
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Biological therapy involves the use of living organisms, substances derived from living organisms, or laboratory-produced versions of such substances to treat disease. Some biological therapies for cancer use vaccines or bacteria to stimulate the body&rs...

Urology
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...

Nutrition
Latest News Clinical Trials Research Drugs Reports Corporate
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...

Advertisement
 

Searches Linking to this Article