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Multiple sclerosis (MS) is a chronic inflammatory autoimmune disease of the central nervous system (CNS). It is associated with a variety of pathophysiological features, including breakdown of the blood-brain barrier (BBB), autoimmune attack, injury of axons and myelin sheaths. Th17 cells are considered as a key immunological player for the pathophysiological process of MS. Neuroprotective approaches work best prior to the initiation of damage, suggesting that some safe and effective prophylaxis would be highly desirable. Curcumin, a dietary spice from turmeric, has outstanding anti-inflammation and neuroprotective effects. Herein, we review key features of curcumin involved biology, pharmacology, and medicinal chemistry and discuss its potential relevance to pathophysiological progress of MS.
Division for Radiation Safety and Immune Tolerance, National Research Institute for Child Health and Development, Tokyo, Japan; Department of Advanced Technology for Transplantation, Osaka University Graduate School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: International immunopharmacology
Treatment of multiple sclerosis is based on the administration of the disease modifying drugs (DMD), used to slow the natural course of the disease.
To date, there are no available factors to predict the outcome after multiple sclerosis relapse.
Mortality and comorbidities in patients with multiple sclerosis compared with a population without multiple sclerosis: An observational study using the US Department of Defense administrative claims database.
Data are limited for mortality and comorbidities in patients with multiple sclerosis (MS).
High-dose short-term methylprednisolone is the recommended treatment in the management of multiple sclerosis relapses, although it has been suggested that lower doses may be equally effective. Also, g...
Primary Objectives: 1. To evaluate clinical tolerance and response to curcumin alone and in combination with Bioperine in patients with multiple myeloma. 2. To compare the...
The purpose of this study is to compare the effectiveness of three antioxidant regimens in treating the symptoms of multiple sclerosis (MS).
The purpose of this study is to determine whether raising low levels of the natural antioxidant uric acid by the administration of a precursor, inosine, has any therapeutic effect on the p...
Curcumin is a commonly-used spice and food coloring. Evidence suggests that curcumin can suppress tumor initiation, promotion and metastasis in a variety of tumor cell lines. The current a...
This study is investigating the pharmacokinetic profile (i.e. the way the product is processed by the body) of a proprietary curcumin formulation compared to an unformulated curcumin produ...
A form of multiple sclerosis characterized by a progressive deterioration in neurologic function which is in contrast to the more typical relapsing remitting form. If the clinical course is free of distinct remissions, it is referred to as primary progressive multiple sclerosis. When the progressive decline is punctuated by acute exacerbations, it is referred to as progressive relapsing multiple sclerosis. The term secondary progressive multiple sclerosis is used when relapsing remitting multiple sclerosis evolves into the chronic progressive form. (From Ann Neurol 1994;36 Suppl:S73-S79; Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
An autoimmune disorder mainly affecting young adults and characterized by destruction of myelin in the central nervous system. Pathologic findings include multiple sharply demarcated areas of demyelination throughout the white matter of the central nervous system. Clinical manifestations include visual loss, extra-ocular movement disorders, paresthesias, loss of sensation, weakness, dysarthria, spasticity, ataxia, and bladder dysfunction. The usual pattern is one of recurrent attacks followed by partial recovery (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, RELAPSING-REMITTING), but acute fulminating and chronic progressive forms (see MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, CHRONIC PROGRESSIVE) also occur. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p903)
The most common clinical variant of MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS, characterized by recurrent acute exacerbations of neurologic dysfunction followed by partial or complete recovery. Common clinical manifestations include loss of visual (see OPTIC NEURITIS), motor, sensory, or bladder function. Acute episodes of demyelination may occur at any site in the central nervous system, and commonly involve the optic nerves, spinal cord, brain stem, and cerebellum. (Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp903-914)
A yellow-orange dye obtained from tumeric, the powdered root of CURCUMA longa. It is used in the preparation of curcuma paper and the detection of boron. Curcumin appears to possess a spectrum of pharmacological properties, due primarily to its inhibitory effects on metabolic enzymes.
A heterogeneous group of drugs used to produce muscle relaxation, excepting the neuromuscular blocking agents. They have their primary clinical and therapeutic uses in the treatment of muscle spasm and immobility associated with strains, sprains, and injuries of the back and, to a lesser degree, injuries to the neck. They have been used also for the treatment of a variety of clinical conditions that have in common only the presence of skeletal muscle hyperactivity, for example, the muscle spasms that can occur in MULTIPLE SCLEROSIS. (From Smith and Reynard, Textbook of Pharmacology, 1991, p358)
Neurology - Central Nervous System (CNS)
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