Advertisement

Topics

Nutrition and health of Victorian Aborigines (Kooris).

07:00 EST 1st March 1993 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Nutrition and health of Victorian Aborigines (Kooris)."

Prior to European settlement of Australia, the health of Aboriginal people was probably better than that of the Europeans. In the past 200 years there has been a considerable improvement in the health of non-Aboriginal Australians, and a deterioration in the health of Aborigines. Some improvement in Aboriginal health has occurred in recent times. The Aboriginal people who live in Victoria are known as Kooris. An understanding of traditional Koori diets is important because people were generally healthy eating these diets. The traditional Koori diet was high in dietary fibre, unrefined carbohydrates, and protein, with adequate vitamins and minerals, and low in total fat and saturated fat, sucrose, salt, and without alcohol. Their lifestyle also dictated a high level of physical activity resulting in a reduced likelihood of overweight. The other notable aspect of the traditional diet was the variety of foods consumed. The present health problems of the Koori people stem primarily from their loss of ancestral lands, and social and cultural disruption. Kooris went from a hunter gatherer society to one almost entirely dependent upon mission handouts. There are many factors which may now contribute to the continued poor health and nutrition of Kooris. The relative importance of any of these factors is unknown. Morbidity and mortality data provide valuable information about the overall health of populations and their nutrition status. The Australian population is one of the healthiest in the world. There is however a remarkable difference between the health of Aboriginal and non-Aboriginal Australians. The leading cause of death for both male and female Aborigines is disease of the circulatory system, including ischaemic heart disease and stroke. Deaths due to circulatory system disease is 2.2 and 2.6 times higher than the age adjusted Australian rates for men and women respectively, and between 10 and 20 times higher for young and middle aged adult Aborigines. Rates of hospital admission are 2.5-3 times higher than the rest of the population, with the highest rates being for infants. Although mortality statistics do not show nutrition related disorders such as obesity, non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), and hypertension to be significant contributors to mortality, these statistics are not representative of the problem. Across Australia the prevalence of obesity, NIDDM, and hypertension are higher for Aborigines than the general population. Available data on morbidity and mortality for Aborigines in Victoria are limited, but the indication is that the overall situation is similar to the rest of Australia. If the situation for Victoria is similar to the rest of Australia, then this would suggest that the contemporary Koori diet is too high in fat and perhaps alcohol, and too low in fibre and variety. Further evidence is required to veri 644 fy this suggestion. There are several areas where information on Koori nutrition is limited or lacking. These include food intake, nutritional status, and dietary practices, such as cooking methods, salt and sugar use and meal patterns. It is generally agreed that information on Koori nutrition should be made available so that the problems can be identified, and strategies put in place to address the problem areas.

Affiliation

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition
ISSN: 0964-7058
Pages: 43-57

Links

DeepDyve research library

PubMed Articles [14839 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Health Economics in Medical Nutrition: An Emerging Science.

The objective of this paper is to describe the applications of health economic theory to medical nutrition.

A Sex-Specific Analysis of Nutrition Label Use and Health, Douglas County, Nebraska, 2013.

In 2014 the US Food and Drug Administration proposed a series of changes to its 1992 guidelines on nutrition facts labeling to help consumers make informed food choices. To date, few studies have exam...

Online food nutrition labelling in the UK: how consistent are supermarkets in their presentation of nutrition labels online?

To evaluate consistency levels of nutrition labelling on supermarket websites.

Influenza vaccination uptake among Victorian healthcare workers: evaluating the success of a statewide program.

Annual influenza vaccination is recommended for all Australian healthcare workers (HCWs). In 2014, a target vaccination uptake of 75% was set for Victorian healthcare facilities. This study aimed to d...

Differentials of modern contraceptive methods use by food security status among married women of reproductive age in Wolaita Zone, South Ethiopia.

In spite of the massive spending and extensive family-planning promotion, many poor people in the third world remain reluctant to use modern contraceptive method. Mostly when they use modern contracep...

Clinical Trials [2227 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Cooking and Nutrition Education for Health Among Adults With Diabetes

This study is a multi-dimensional therapeutic lifestyle program that offers cooking and nutrition education as well as email-based health coaching to diabetic patients in an underserved Cl...

Evaluation Research of the Nutrition Interventions in the INHP II Areas of CARE India

This study is designed to evaluate the effectiveness of CARE India's Integrated Nutrition and Health Program (INHP II) to reduce malnutrition among children 0-23 months of age.

The Nutrition Researcher Cohort 2014 Study

The primary objective of the planned Nutrition Research Cohort (NRC) n250 study is to develop and evaluate the open access Nutrition Researcher Cohort for gathering personal health data f...

Integrating Nutrition Education & Household Food Production for Child Nutrition

In Ethiopia, a child-centered counseling approach is hypothesized to be more effective than the current nutrition and health education when investment on home-based food production is used...

National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey IV (NHANES (IV)

To supplement the fourth National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey protocol to include data on the common heart, vascular, lung, and blood diseases.

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES, as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease in animals.

The study of NUTRITION PROCESSES as well as the components of food, their actions, interaction, and balance in relation to health and disease of children, infants or adolescents.

Evaluation and measurement of nutritional variables in order to assess the level of nutrition or the NUTRITIONAL STATUS of the individual. NUTRITION SURVEYS may be used in making the assessment.

Nutrition of a mother which affects the health of the FETUS and INFANT as well as herself.

Improving health status of an individual by adjusting the quantities, qualities, and methods of nutrient intake.

Quick Search
Advertisement
 
DeepDyve research library

Relevant Topics

Women's Health
Women's Health - key topics include breast cancer, pregnancy, menopause, stroke Follow and track Women's Health News on BioPortfolio: Women's Health News RSS Women'...

Nutrition
Within medicine, nutrition (the study of food and the effect of its components on the body) has many different roles. Appropriate nutrition can help prevent certain diseases, or treat others. In critically ill patients, artificial feeding by tubes need t...


Searches Linking to this Article