Co-Occurrence of Trichomonas vaginalis and Bacterial Vaginosis Among HIV-Positive Women.
Summary of "Co-Occurrence of Trichomonas vaginalis and Bacterial Vaginosis Among HIV-Positive Women."
Trichomonas vaginalis (TV) and bacterial vaginosis (BV) were examined among human immunodeficiency virus+ women. The prevalence rates were 28.0% for TV, 51.4% for BV, and 17.5% for TV/BV co-infection. Among human immunodeficiency virus+/TV+ women, the rate of BV was 61.0%. Research is needed to examine how BV affects the clinical course and treatment of T. vaginalis.
From the *Department of Epidemiology, Tulane University School of Public Health and Tropical Medicine, New Orleans, LA; and †Louisiana State University Health Sciences Center, New Orleans, LA.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Sexually transmitted diseases
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20842073
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1097/OLQ.0b013e3181f22f56
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The only species in the genus GARDNERELLA, and previously classed as Haemophilus vaginalis. This bacterium, also isolated from the female genital tract of healthy women, is implicated in the cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL). It occasionally causes postpartum bacteremia and bacteremia following a transurethral resection of the prostate.
Polymicrobial, nonspecific vaginitis associated with positive cultures of Gardnerella vaginalis and other anaerobic organisms and a decrease in lactobacilli. It remains unclear whether the initial pathogenic event is caused by the growth of anaerobes or a primary decrease in lactobacilli.
A genus of gram-negative, anaerobic, rod-shaped bacteria. Its organisms are found in the human vagina, particularly in association with Gardnerella vaginalis in cases of bacterial vaginosis.
A genus of bacteria found in the human genital and urinary tract. It is considered to be a major cause of bacterial vaginosis (VAGINOSIS, BACTERIAL).
Inflammation of the vagina, marked by a purulent discharge. This disease is caused by the protozoan TRICHOMONAS VAGINALIS.
Citation Thurman AR, Doncel GF. Innate immunity and inflammatory response to Trichomonas vaginalis and bacterial vaginosis: relationship to HIV acquisition. Am J Reprod Immunol 2010 Most women contrac...
Bacterial vaginosis (BV) is the most common cause of vaginal infection, yet its pathogenesis remains controversial. Although it has never been proven to be a sexually transmitted diseases the epidemio...
Trichomonas vaginalis, a flagellated protozoan parasite causes a variety of adverse health consequences in both men and women. The parasite exists in the trophozoite and the pseudocystic stage. The st...
The purpose of this investigation was to determine the diagnostic accuracy of quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assay in diagnosing bacterial vaginosis versus the standard methods...
The aim of this study was to analyze the presence of 62 kDa proteinase and anti-62 kDa proteinase antibody in clinical samples of symptomatic and asymptomatic infected women. Proteinase was detected...
This research is being done to see if two rapid bedside tests (OSOM Trichomonas Rapid Test and BVBlue Test) that give results in 10 minutes are as accurate as standard tests (that take up...
To determine whether screening of pregnant women with history of previous preterm delivery or with premature contractions for bacterial vaginosis using VS-SENSE, and treatment of positive...
This is a phase IIa clinical trial in women with bacterial vaginosis. This study will determine whether treatment with vaginal lactobacillus in combination with antibiotic therapy (metron...
This is a phase II multicenter randomized open-label clinical study that will determine whether treatment with Lactofiltrum (orally administered tablets) in combination with antibiotic the...
This research study is being done to evaluate the use of an oral (by mouth) medication called tinidazole to initially treat BV and then to see if additional treatment with tinidazole keeps...