Entomotoxic action of Sambucus nigra agglutinin i in Acyrthosiphon pisum aphids and Spodoptera exigua caterpillars through caspase-3-like-dependent apoptosis.

15:50 EST 20th December 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary of "Entomotoxic action of Sambucus nigra agglutinin i in Acyrthosiphon pisum aphids and Spodoptera exigua caterpillars through caspase-3-like-dependent apoptosis."

In this project, the toxicity and mechanism of action of the ricin-B-related lectin SNA-I from elderberry (Sambucus nigra) in the pea aphid (Acyrthosiphon pisum) and the beet armyworm (Spodoptera exigua), two important pest insects in agriculture, were studied. SNA-I is a chimeric lectin belonging to the class of ribosome-inactivating proteins and consists of an A-chain with N-glycosidase activity and a carbohydrate-binding B-chain. Incorporation of 2 mg/ml of SNA-I in the diet of neonates and adults of A. pisum caused 40-46% mortality within 2 days, while in third instars of S. exigua, the larval biomass was significantly reduced by 12% after feeding for 3 days on a diet containing 5 mg/g of SNA-I. Interestingly, extracts of the (mid)gut of treated A. pisum and S. exigua demonstrated DNA fragmentation and this was accompanied with an increase in caspase-3-like activity. The involvement of cell death or apoptosis in the entomotoxicity of SNA-I through induction of caspase-3-like activity was also confirmed by addition of the permeable caspase-3 inhibitor III in the diet, leading to a rescue of the treated aphid neonates. Finally, similar to the chimeric lectin SNA-I, the hololectin SNA-II, consisting of two carbohydrate-binding B-chains caused high mortality to neonate A. pisum aphids with an LC(50) of 1.59 mg/ml, suggesting that the entomotoxic action of the lectins under study mainly relies on their carbohydrate-binding activity. © 2010 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.

Affiliation

Laboratory of Agrozoology, Department of Crop Protection, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent University, Ghent, Belgium; Laboratory of Biochemistry and Glycobiology, Department of Molecular Biotechnology, Faculty of Bioscience Engineering, Ghent Uni

Journal Details

This article was published in the following journal.

Name: Archives of insect biochemistry and physiology
ISSN: 1520-6327
Pages:

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A plant species in the genus SAMBUCUS, known for the elderberry fruit. The plant is also a source of Sambucus nigra lectins and ribosome-inactivating protein.

The lectin wheatgerm agglutinin conjugated to the enzyme HORSERADISH PEROXIDASE. It is widely used for tracing neural pathways.

A plant genus in the family CAPRIFOLIACEAE best known for elderberries.

A variable annual leguminous vine (Pisum sativum) that is cultivated for its rounded smooth or wrinkled edible protein-rich seeds, the seed of the pea, and the immature pods with their included seeds. (From Webster's New Collegiate Dictionary, 1973)

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