Migraine and stroke.
Summary of "Migraine and stroke."
An association between migraine and ischemic stroke has been observed for many years but exact mechanisms by which migraine can lead to stroke are currently still under investigation. Migraine is related to stroke in several ways. First, ischemic stroke can develop as a complication of an attack of migraine with aura (so called migraineous infarction). Second, epidemiological studies suggest that migraine with aura is a risk factor for ischemic stroke. Third, a patent foramen ovale (PFO) is a well known risk factor for stroke and on the other hand, seems to be associated with migraine with aura. The purpose of this review is to summarize the current literature linking the two neurological diseases: migraine and stroke. For many years, migraine and cerebral ischemic stroke have been linked together. The association between these two diseases is multidimensional and rather complex.
This article was published in the following journal.
Name: Journal of the neurological sciences
- PubMed Source: http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/20858559
- DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jns.2010.08.058
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A class of disabling primary headache disorders, characterized by recurrent unilateral pulsatile headaches. The two major subtypes are common migraine (without aura) and classic migraine (with aura or neurological symptoms). (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
Migraine With Aura
A subtype of migraine disorder, characterized by recurrent attacks of reversible neurological symptoms (aura) that precede or accompany the headache. Aura may include a combination of sensory disturbances, such as blurred VISION; HALLUCINATIONS; VERTIGO; NUMBNESS; and difficulty in concentrating and speaking. Aura is usually followed by features of the COMMON MIGRAINE, such as PHOTOPHOBIA; PHONOPHOBIA; and NAUSEA. (International Classification of Headache Disorders, 2nd ed. Cephalalgia 2004: suppl 1)
A familial, cerebral arteriopathy mapped to chromosome 19q12, and characterized by the presence of granular deposits in small CEREBRAL ARTERIES producing ischemic STROKE; PSEUDOBULBAR PALSY; and multiple subcortical infarcts (CEREBRAL INFARCTION). CADASIL is an acronym for Cerebral Autosomal Dominant Arteriopathy with Subcortical Infarcts and Leukoencephalopathy. CADASIL differs from BINSWANGER DISEASE by the presence of MIGRAINE WITH AURA and usually by the lack of history of arterial HYPERTENSION. (From Bradley et al, Neurology in Clinical Practice, 2000, p1146)
A group of pathological conditions characterized by sudden, non-convulsive loss of neurological function due to BRAIN ISCHEMIA or INTRACRANIAL HEMORRHAGES. Stroke is classified by the type of tissue NECROSIS, such as the anatomic location, vasculature involved, etiology, age of the affected individual, and hemorrhagic vs. non-hemorrhagic nature. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp777-810)
A condition caused by the failure of body to dissipate heat in an excessively hot environment or during PHYSICAL EXERTION in a hot environment. Contrast to HEAT EXHAUSTION, the body temperature in heat stroke patient is dangerously high with red, hot skin accompanied by DELUSIONS; CONVULSIONS; or COMA. It can be a life-threatening emergency and is most common in infants and the elderly.
Migraine is an independent risk factor for stroke. Mechanisms underlying this association are unclear. Familial hemiplegic migraine (FHM), a migraine subtype that also carries an increased stroke risk...
INTRODUCTION. Migraine and stroke are associated with a higher frequency than expected. Numerous studies have shown a significant, but controversial, association between migraine and vascular disease,...
OBJECTIVES: To examine the association between migraine and migraine aura status with risk of haemorrhagic stroke. DESIGN: Prospective cohort study. SETTING: Women's Health Study, United States. PARTI...
Headache is a common symptom at the onset of acute ischemic cerebrovascular disease. Simultaneous development of migraine-like headache and stroke in the same patient makes it difficult to differentia...
: The comorbidity between migraine and stroke continues to be a debated topic. Prior cases of reversible neuroradiologic lesions have been described in migrainous patients and in particular for those...
The study will evaluate if DP-VPA, a derivative of valproate (a drug that is commonly used for the prevention of migraine attacks), can reduce the rate of migraine attacks. Migraine patie...
The primary object of this study is to demonstrate the continued safety and performance of the PFx Closure System when utilized for patients with PFOs suffering from cryptogenic stroke, tr...
A study to assess safety and PK of an investigational drug in migraine patients during and between migraine attacks.
The primary objective of this study is to demonstrate the safety and efficacy of the PFX Closure System when utilized for patent foramen ovale (PFO) in patients suffering from cryptogenic...
The aim of the present study is to explore the importance of migraine phenotype on the headache/migraine responses after CGRP in FHM-patients, MA-patients and healthy volunteers.