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23:18 EDT 24th May 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,700,000+

K-junction structure mediated exponential signal amplification strategy for microRNA detection in electrochemiluminescence biosensor.

Based on the novel designed K-junction structure, an economic and efficient exponential signal amplification strategy with simple protocol combining hemin/G-quadruplex, a mimetic peroxidase, as a catalyzer was proposed and utilized in an electrochemiluminescence biosensor for sensitive microRNA detection. It was noteworthy that the K-junction structure was formed with guanine-rich reporter DNA and substrate DNA modified by phosphate at the 5'-terminus. Thus, the activity of the reporter DNA could be inhibit...

Enhanced catalytic performance of a PdO catalyst prepared via a two-step method of in situ reduction-oxidation.

A supported PdO nanocatalyst prepared by a facile in situ reduction process followed by an oxidation step showed significantly enhanced activity for the removal of pollutants from natural gas vehicles. The excellent catalytic performance is mainly due to high dispersion of the uniform PdO nanoparticles generated during the novel two-step method.

Lanthanoplatins: emissive Eu(iii) and Tb(iii) complexes staining nucleoli targeted through Pt-DNA crosslinking.

Two highly luminescent water-soluble heterometallic LnPt2 complexes, [{cis-PtCl(NH3)2}2Ln(L)(H2O)](NO3)2 (Ln = Eu (1), Tb (2)), have been designed for their selective nucleoli staining through formation of Pt-DNA crosslinks. The complexes showed significant cellular uptake and distinctive nucleoli localization through intrinsic emission from Eu(III) or Tb(III) observed through confocal fluorescence microscopy.

Intrinsic ferromagnetism and quantum anomalous Hall effect in a CoBr2 monolayer.

The electronic, magnetic, and topological properties of a CoBr2 monolayer are studied in the framework of density-functional theory (DFT) combined with tight-binding (TB) modeling in terms of the Wannier basis. Our DFT investigation and Monte Carlo simulation show that there exists intrinsic two-dimensional ferromagnetism in the CoBr2 monolayer, thanks to the large out-of-plane magnetocrystalline anisotropic energy. Our further study indicates that the spin-orbit coupling makes it become a topologically non...

The A-center defect in diamond: quantum mechanical characterization through the infrared spectrum.

The A-center in diamond, which consists of two nitrogen atoms substituting two neighboring carbon atoms, has been investigated at the quantum mechanical level using an all-electron Gaussian type basis set, hybrid functionals and the periodic supercell approach. In order to simulate different defect concentrations, four supercells have been considered containing 32, 64, 128 and 216 atoms, respectively. The ground state is a closed shell system where the two neighboring nitrogen atoms are separated, as a cons...

Au38Cu1(2-PET)24 nanocluster: synthesis, enantioseparation and luminescence.

A CuAu38 bimetallic nanocluster was synthesized by adding a single copper atom to the Au38(2-PET)24 nanocluster. The absence of CuxAu38-x(2-PET)24 doped species was demonstrated by MALDI-TOF mass spectrometry. A separation of bimetallic clusters was attained for the first time where isomers of the E2 enantiomer of the Au38Cu1(2-PET)24 adduct were successfully isolated from their parent cluster using chiral HPLC. The CD of the isolated isomers revealed a change in their electronic structure upon copper addit...

Toward high-resolution NMR spectroscopy of microscopic liquid samples.

A longstanding limitation of high-resolution NMR spectroscopy is the requirement for samples to have macroscopic dimensions. Commercial probes, for example, are designed for volumes of at least 5 μL, in spite of decades of work directed toward the goal of miniaturization. Progress in miniaturizing inductive detectors has been limited by a perceived need to meet two technical requirements: (1) minimal separation between the sample and the detector, which is essential for sensitivity, and (2) near-perfect ma...

Sensing of fluoride ions in aqueous media using a luminescent coordination polymer and liposome composite.

The synthesis of a luminescent coordination polymer (Tb-BTC) within the confined environment of a liposome allowed for the anisotropic growth of nanosized Tb-BTC crystals. Consequently, the resulting composite Tb-BTC@Lipo exhibited a higher fluorescence sensitivity to fluoride anions in aqueous media compared to the independent Tb-BTC in bulk.

Solvent-dependent nuclearity, geometry and catalytic activity of (SPhos)Pd(Ph)Cl2.

The nuclearity and structures of the palladium complex [(SPhos)Pd(Ph)Cl]2 in the solid and solution states are revisited using a combination of Extended X-ray Absorption Fine Structure (EXAFS) spectroscopy, NMR spectroscopy, mass spectrometry, DFT calculations and trapping experiments. The complex was tested for its catalytic activity in the coupling reaction between chlorobenzene and n-hexylamine, where different deactivation behaviours were observed in toluene, 1,4-dioxane and DMF.

Syntheses, structures, and magnetic properties of a family of end-on azido-bridged Cu(II)-Ln(III) complexes.

The reaction of Cu(valdmpn) (H2valdmpn = N,N'-bis-(3-methoxysalicylidene)-1,3-diamino-2,2-dimethylpropane), LnCl3·nH2O (Ln = La(1), Ce (2), Pr(3), Nd(4), Sm(5), Eu(6), Gd(7), Tb(8), Dy(9), Ho(10), Er(11), Tm(12), Yb(13), Lu(14)) and NaN3 in methanol led to a whole series of heterometallic Cu(II)-Ln(III) complexes. The basic structural components of these complexes are the [Cu(II)(valdmpn)Ln(III)] units with a compartmental Schiff-base ligand. These [Cu(II)Ln(III)] units were then further connected by the e...

Carboberyllation: addition of organoberyllium species to alkenes and alkynes. A comparison with carboboration.

The potential for carbometallation reactions between organoberyllium and model alkenes and alkynes has been investigated in a computational study. Results indicate that barriers for carbometallation reactions between BeR2 and alkynes are as low as 100 kJ mol(-1), and much lower than corresponding reactions with MgR2. In contrast to carboboration reactions with BR3, with organoberyllium 1,2-addition is favoured over 1,1-addition. It is concluded that carbometallation reactions with beryllium are likely feasi...

Photolysis and cellular toxicities of the organic ultraviolet filter chemical octyl methoxycinnamate and its photoproducts.

Organic ultraviolet filter chemicals (UVFCs) are the active ingredients used in many sunscreens to protect the skin from UV light; these chemicals have been detected in numerous aquatic environments leading to concerns about how they might affect aquatic organisms and humans. One commonly used organic UVFC is octyl methoxycinnamate (OMC), better known by its commercial name, octinoxate. Upon exposure to UV light, OMC degrades rapidly, forming numerous photoproducts, some of which have been previously identi...

Deprotonated meso-hydroxyporphyrin as a stable π-electronic anion: the building unit of an ion-pairing assembly.

The Ni(II) complex of 5-hydroxy-10,15,20-tris(pentafluorophenyl)-porphyrin was synthesized as the precursor of a negatively charged π-electronic system. Deprotonation, which was examined through UV/vis and (1)H NMR spectra, provided an anionic species as the building unit of an ion-pairing assembly in combination with an aliphatic cation.

Selective conversion of coconut oil to fatty alcohols in methanol over a hydrothermally prepared Cu/SiO2 catalyst without extraneous hydrogen.

A novel one-pot approach selects a hydrothermally synthesized Cu/SiO2 catalyst (consisting of Cu2O·SiO2 and Cu(0) surface species) to catalyze the reduction of a series of fatty esters, fatty acids, and coconut oil to fatty alcohols at 240 °C in methanol without extraneous hydrogen, attaining around 85% conversion and 100% selectivity.

Size-dependent conformational change in halogen-π interaction: from benzene to graphene.

Diatomic halogen molecules X2 (X = Cl/Br) favor the edge-to-face conformation on benzene with significant electrostatic interaction via halogen bonding. In contrast, they favor the stacked conformation on graphene with negligible electrostatic interaction. As the aromatic ring expands, the inner facial side becomes almost electrostatically neutral. On coronene, the two conformations are compatible.

Composition-dependent electronic energy relaxation dynamics of metal domains as revealed by bimetallic Au144-xAgx(SC8H9)60 monolayer-protected clusters.

We examined the electronic relaxation dynamics for mono and bimetallic Au144-xAgx(SC8H9)60 monolayer-protected clusters (MPCs) using femtosecond time-resolved transient extinction spectroscopy. MPCs provide compositionally well-defined model systems for structure-specific determination of nanoscale electronic properties. Based on pulse-energy-dependent transient extinction data, we quantified electron-phonon coupling constants for three distinct Au144-xAgx(SC8H9)60 MPC samples, where x = 0, 0 < x < 30, and ...

Development of Ir and La-codoped BaTa2O6 photocatalysts using visible light up to 640 nm as an H2-evolving photocatalyst for Z-schematic water splitting.

Ir and La-codoped BaTa2O6 was developed as a novel photocatalyst for H2 evolution utilizing visible light up to 640 nm. The Ir and La-codoped BaTa2O6 with a Ru cocatalyst functioned as an H2-evolving photocatalyst for Z-schematic water splitting under visible light irradiation upon combination with a BiVO4 O2-evolving photocatalyst and a [Co(bpy)3](3+/2+) electron mediator.

Desorption of CO from individual ruthenium porphyrin molecules on a copper surface via an inelastic tunnelling process.

The coordination of CO to metalloporphyrins changes their electronic and magnetic properties. Here we locally desorb CO molecules from a single ruthenium tetraphenylporphyrin carbonyl (CO-RuTPP) on Cu(110) using STM. The desorption is triggered by the injection of holes into the occupied states of the adsorbate using an unusual two-carrier process.

Light-induced relaxation dynamics of the ferricyanide ion revisited by ultrafast XUV photoelectron spectroscopy.

Photoinduced charge transfer in transition-metal coordination complexes plays a prominent role in photosynthesis and is fundamental for light-harvesting processes in catalytic materials. However, revealing the relaxation pathways of charge separation remains a very challenging task because of the complexity of relaxation channels and ultrashort time scales. Here, we employ ultrafast XUV photoemission spectroscopy to monitor fine mechanistic details of the electron dynamics following optical ligand-to-metal ...

Development of nutraceutical formulations based on the mycelium of Pleurotus ostreatus and Agaricus bisporus.

The present work is aimed at developing nutraceutical formulations based on the mycelium of Agaricus bisporus and Pleurotus ostreatus, highlighting the potential of in vitro culture as a tool to improve the production of bioactive compounds, namely phenolic acids and ergosterol. The mycelia of both species were cultured in different solid and liquid media in order to compare the growth rate and yielded biomass. Fruiting bodies, mycelia and culture media were compared regarding the antioxidant activity, anti...

Generation of wheat gluten hydrolysates with dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory properties.

Wheat gluten, a Pro-rich dietary protein, was investigated for its potential to produce dipeptidyl peptidase IV (DPP-IV) inhibitory peptides during enzymatic hydrolysis with Debitrase HYW20. Nine gluten hydrolysates (H1-H9) were generated using a 2 factor × 3 level design of experiments (DOE) including the incubation temperature (40, 50 and 60 °C) and the enzyme: substrate ratio (E : S, 0.5, 1.0 and 1.5% (w/w)). Their DPP-IV half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) ranged from 0.24 ± 0.02 (H9) to...

Novel magnesium borides and their superconductivity.

With the motivation of searching for new superconductors in the Mg-B system, we performed ab initio evolutionary searches for all the stable compounds in this binary system in the pressure range of 0-200 GPa. We found previously unknown, yet thermodynamically stable, compositions MgB3 and Mg3B10. Experimentally known MgB2 is stable in the entire pressure range 0-200 GPa, while MgB7 and MgB12 are stable at pressures below 90 GPa and 35 GPa, respectively. We predict a reentrant behavior for MgB4, which become...

Thermo-electrochemical cells for waste heat harvesting - progress and perspectives.

Thermo-electrochemical cells (also called thermocells) are promising devices for harvesting waste heat for the sustainable production of energy. Research into thermocells has increased significantly in recent years, driven by advantages such as their ability to continuously convert heat into electrical energy without producing emissions or consuming materials. Until relatively recently, the commercial viability of thermocells was limited by their low power output and conversion efficiency. However, there ha...

Molecular catalysts for artificial photosynthesis: general discussion.

Bicyclo2.2.2octane-1,4-dicarboxylic acid: towards transparent metal-organic frameworks.

The preparation of transparent porous materials can offer a different access towards the study of molecules under solid confined space. Metal-organic frameworks represent a unique opportunity due to their tunable pore size, however aromatic linkers present strong absorption and reduce the transparency. Herein, we report the first example of a MOF with bicyclic organic dicarboxylic linkers and its use as a solid solvent.


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