# PubMed Journal Database

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and books. BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

## Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,100,000+

Nonlinear stability of laboratory quasi-Keplerian flows.

Experiments in a modified Taylor-Couette device, spanning Reynolds numbers of 10^{5} to greater than 10^{6}, reveal the nonlinear stability of astrophysically relevant flows. Nearly ideal rotation, expected in the absence of axial boundaries, is achieved for a narrow range of operating parameters. Departures from optimal control parameters identify centrifugal instability of boundary layers as the primary source of turbulence observed in former experiments. By driving perturbations from a series of jets we ...

Implications of the recently discovered effect of channeling of upstream extra particles for transport phenomena in a two-dimensional plasma crystal are discussed. Upstream particles levitated above the lattice layer and tended to move between the rows of lattice particles. An example of heat transport is considered, where upstream particles act as moving heat sources, which may lead to anomalous heat transport. The average channeling length observed was 15-20 interparticle distances. Other features of the ...

Electron dynamics controlled via self-interaction.

The dynamics of an electron in a strong laser field can be significantly altered by radiation reaction. This usually results in a strongly damped motion, with the electron losing a large fraction of its initial energy. Here we show that the electron dynamics in a bichromatic laser pulse can be indirectly controlled by a comparatively small radiation reaction force through its interplay with the Lorentz force. By changing the relative phase between the two frequency components of the bichromatic laser field,...

Failure of logarithmic oscillators to serve as a thermostat for small atomic clusters.

A logarithmic oscillator has the outstanding property that the expectation value of its kinetic energy is constant for all stationary states. Recently the ansatz that this property can be used to define a Hamiltonian thermostat has been put forward and a suggestion has been made that this logarithmic oscillator weakly coupled to a small system would serve as a thermostat as long as few degrees of freedom are involved as is the case in atomic clusters. We have applied these ideas to a cluster of four Lennard...

Universal time fluctuations in near-critical out-of-equilibrium quantum dynamics.

Out-of-equilibrium quantum systems display complex temporal patterns. Such time fluctuations are generically exponentially small in the system volume and therefore can be safely ignored in most of the cases. However, if one consider small quench experiments, time fluctuations can be greatly enhanced. We show that time fluctuations may become stronger than other forms of equilibrium quantum fluctuations if the quench is performed close to a critical point. For sufficiently relevant operators the full distrib...

Quantum information-geometry of dissipative quantum phase transitions.

A general framework for analyzing the recently discovered phase transitions in the steady state of dissipation-driven open quantum systems is still lacking. To fill this gap, we extend the so-called fidelity approach to quantum phase transitions to open systems whose steady state is a Gaussian fermionic state. We endow the manifold of correlation matrices of steady states with a metric tensor g measuring the distinguishability distance between solutions corresponding to a different set of control parameters...

First-passage time of Brownian motion with dry friction.

We provide an analytic solution to the first-passage time (FPT) problem of a piecewise-smooth stochastic model, namely Brownian motion with dry friction, using two different but closely related approaches which are based on eigenfunction decompositions on the one hand and on the backward Kolmogorov equation on the other. For the simple case containing only dry friction, a phase-transition phenomenon in the spectrum is found which relates to the position of the exit point, and which affects the tail of the F...

Motivated by recent findings, we discuss the existence of a direct and robust mechanism providing discontinuous absorbing transitions in short-range systems with single species, with no extra symmetries or conservation laws. We consider variants of the contact process, in which at least two adjacent particles (instead of one, as commonly assumed) are required to create a new species. Many interaction rules are analyzed, including distinct cluster annihilations and a modified version of the original pair con...

Fourier's law from a chain of coupled planar harmonic oscillators under energy-conserving noise.

We study the transport of heat along a chain of particles interacting through a harmonic potential and subject to heat reservoirs at its ends. Each particle has two degrees of freedom and is subject to a stochastic noise that produces infinitesimal changes in the velocity while keeping the kinetic energy unchanged. This is modeled by means of a Langevin equation with multiplicative noise. We show that the introduction of this energy-conserving stochastic noise leads to Fourier's law. By means of an approxim...

Truncated Lévy flights and weak ergodicity breaking in the Hamiltonian mean-field model.

The dynamics of the Hamiltonian mean-field model is studied in the context of continuous-time random walks. We show that the sojourn times in cells in the momentum space are well described by a one-sided truncated Lévy distribution. Consequently, the system is nonergodic for long observation times that diverge with the number of particles. Ergodicity is attained only after very long times both at thermodynamic equilibrium and at quasistationary out-of-equilibrium states.

We study the combined effects of noise and detector sensitivity on a dynamical process that generates intermittent events mimicking the behavior of complex systems. By varying the sensitivity level of the detector we move between two forms of complexity, from inverse power law to Mittag-Leffler interevent time survival probabilities. Here fluctuations fight against complexity, causing an exponential truncation to the survival probability. We show that fluctuations of relatively weak intensity have a strong ...

We investigate the scaling regimes of the Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (KPZ) equation in the presence of spatially correlated noise with power-law decay D(p)∼p^{-2ρ} in Fourier space, using a nonperturbative renormalization group approach. We determine the full phase diagram of the system as a function of ρ and the dimension d. In addition to the weak-coupling part of the diagram, which agrees with the results from Europhys. Lett. 47, 14 (1999) and Eur. Phys. J. B 9, 491 (1999), we find the two fixed points desc...

Analysis of the non-Markov parameter in continuous-time signal processing.

The use of statistical complexity metrics has yielded a number of successful methodologies to differentiate and identify signals from complex systems where the underlying dynamics cannot be calculated. The Mori-Zwanzig framework from statistical mechanics forms the basis for the generalized non-Markov parameter (NMP). The NMP has been used to successfully analyze signals in a diverse set of complex systems. In this paper we show that the Mori-Zwanzig framework masks an elegantly simple closed form of the fi...

Universal long-time dynamics in dense simple fluids.

Dense simple fluids appear to have a long-time, very slowly evolving state which-for high-enough density-approaches a glassy, nonergodic phase. In this high-density regime, the equilibrating system decays via a three-step process as identified in mode-coupling theory (MCT). MCT, however, is an inherently phenomenological theory without prospects for improvement, and so a systematic theory has been recently developed which naturally allows one to calculate cumulants between the fundamental particle density a...

Finite-size effects on current correlation functions.

We study why the calculation of current correlation functions (CCFs) still suffers from finite-size effects even when the periodic boundary condition is taken. Two important one-dimensional, momentum-conserving systems are investigated as examples. Intriguingly, it is found that the state of a system recurs in the sense of microcanonical ensemble average, and such recurrence may result in oscillations in CCFs. Meanwhile, we find that the sound mode collisions induce an extra time decay in a current so that ...

Understanding the mobility of nonspherical particles in the free molecular regime.

An approach to obtain the mobility of nonspherical particles is proposed by averaging the drag force orientationally, and two other widely used approaches in the literature, the averaged-collision-integral and averaged-drift-velocity methods, are summarized and extended. The concept of orientationally averaged collision integrals based on Chapman-Enskog theory for small gas-phase ions is re-examined for macromolecular ions whose surface cannot be treated as specular, but with inelastic interactions. A well ...

Reinforcement learning in complementarity game and population dynamics.

We systematically test and compare different reinforcement learning schemes in a complementarity game [J. Jost and W. Li, Physica A 345, 245 (2005)] played between members of two populations. More precisely, we study the Roth-Erev, Bush-Mosteller, and SoftMax reinforcement learning schemes. A modified version of Roth-Erev with a power exponent of 1.5, as opposed to 1 in the standard version, performs best. We also compare these reinforcement learning strategies with evolutionary schemes. This gives insight ...

We present numerical evidence for an extended order parameter and conjugate field for the dynamic phase transition in a Ginzburg-Landau mean-field model driven by an oscillating field. The order parameter, previously taken to be the time-averaged magnetization, comprises the deviations of the Fourier components of the magnetization from their values at the critical period. The conjugate field, previously taken to be the time-averaged magnetic field, comprises the even Fourier components of the field. The sc...

Zero-range process with finite compartments: Gentile's statistics and glassiness.

We discuss statics and dynamics of condensation in a zero-range process with compartments of limited sizes. For the symmetric dynamics the stationary state has a factorized form. For the asymmetric dynamics the steady state factorizes only for special hopping rules which allow for overjumps of fully occupied compartments. In the limit of large system size the grand canonical analysis is exact also in a condensed phase, and for a broader class of hopping rates as compared to the previously studied systems wi...

We define the violation fraction ν as the cumulative fraction of time that the entropy change is negative during single realizations of processes in phase space. This quantity depends on both the number of degrees of freedom N and the duration of the time interval τ. In the large-τ and large-N limit we show that, for ergodic and microreversible systems, the mean value of ν scales as 〈ν(N,τ)〉∼(τN^{1/1+α})^{-1}. The exponent α is positive and generally depends on the protocol for the external d...

Carnot cycle for interacting particles in the absence of thermal noise.

A thermodynamic formalism is developed for a system of interacting particles under overdamped motion, which has been recently analyzed within the framework of nonextensive statistical mechanics. It amounts to expressing the interaction energy of the system in terms of a temperature θ, conjugated to a generalized entropy s_{q}, with q=2. Since θ assumes much higher values than those of typical room temperatures T≪θ, the thermal noise can be neglected for this system (T/θ≃0). This framework is now ext...

We study the equilibrium and nonequilibrium properties of Boolean decision problems with competing interactions on scale-free networks in an external bias (magnetic field). Previous studies at zero field have shown a remarkable equilibrium stability of Boolean variables (Ising spins) with competing interactions (spin glasses) on scale-free networks. When the exponent that describes the power-law decay of the connectivity of the network is strictly larger than 3, the system undergoes a spin-glass transition....

Loopless nontrapping invasion-percolation model for fracking.

Recent developments in hydraulic fracturing (fracking) have enabled the recovery of large quantities of natural gas and oil from old, low-permeability shales. These developments include a change from low-volume, high-viscosity fluid injection to high-volume, low-viscosity injection. The injected fluid introduces distributed damage that provides fracture permeability for the extraction of the gas and oil. In order to model this process, we utilize a loopless nontrapping invasion percolation previously introd...

Interplay between spin-glass clusters and geometrical frustration.

The presence of spin-glass (SG) order in highly geometrically frustrated systems is analyzed in a cluster SG model. The model considers infinite-range disordered interactions among cluster magnetic moments and the J_{1}-J_{2} model couplings between Ising spins of the same cluster. This model can introduce two sources of frustration: one coming from the disordered interactions and another coming from the J_{1}-J_{2} intracluster interactions (intrinsic frustration). The framework of one-step replica symmetr...

Surface phase diagram of the three-dimensional kinetic Ising model in an oscillating magnetic field.

We study the surface phase diagram of the three-dimensional kinetic Ising model below the equilibrium critical point subjected to a periodically oscillating magnetic field. Changing the surface interaction strength as well as the period of the external field, we obtain a nonequilibrium surface phase diagram that in parts strongly resembles the corresponding equilibrium phase diagram, with an ordinary transition, an extraordinary transition, and a surface transition. These three lines meet at a special trans...