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15:32 EDT 24th September 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,800,000+

N1366S mutation of human skeletal muscle sodium channel causes paramyotonia congenita.

Paramyotonia congenita is an autosomal dominant skeletal muscle channelopathy caused by missense mutations in SCN4A, the gene encoding the α subunit of the human skeletal muscle voltage-gated sodium channel NaV1.4. Here, we report a three-generation family in which six members present clinical symptoms of paramyotonia congenita characterized by a marked worsening of myotonia by cold and by the presence of clear episodes of paralysis. We identified a novel mutation in SCN4A (Asn-1366-Ser, N1366S) in all pat...

A novel 1-bp deletion mutation and extremely skewed X-chromosome inactivation causing severe X-linked hypohidrotic ectodermal dysplasia in a Chinese girl.

Effects of different preprocessing algorithms on the prognostic value of breast tumour microscopic images.

The purpose of this study was to improve the prognostic value of tumour histopathology image analysis methodology by image preprocessing. Key image qualities were modified including contrast, sharpness and brightness. The texture information was subsequently extracted from images of haematoxylin/eosin-stained tumour tissue sections by GLCM, monofractal and multifractal algorithms without any analytical limitation to predefined structures. Images were derived from patient groups with invasive breast carcinom...

Synthesis of Tetranuclear Palladium(II) Complexes and their Catalytic Activity for Cross Coupling Reactions.

We have developed a short and simple synthesis of tetranuclear palladium(II) complexes which have been structurally confirmed by X-ray analysis. These complexes were formed in about 30 % overall yield by spontaneous metalation of dimethylaminoarene derivatives and exhibit a high stability. We have studied the utility of the tetranuclear palladium(II) complexes as precatalysts for Mizoroki-Heck and Suzuki-Miyaura cross coupling reactions. Our novel complexes show excellent catalytic activities with high turn...

Maternal alcohol use and nutrition during pregnancy: diet and anthropometry.

Despite known risks of prenatal nutritional deficiencies and studies documenting increased prevalence of poor dietary intake among non-pregnant alcohol abusers, the nutritional status of heavy drinking pregnant women remains largely unstudied. Animal models have found interactions between prenatal ethanol exposure and micronutrients, such as choline, folate, B12, and iron, and human studies have reported that lower maternal weight and body mass confer increased fetal alcohol-related risk.

Is real-time elastography helpful to differentiate acute from subacute deep venous thrombosis? A preliminary study.

To detect and characterize changes in stiffness of thrombus in patients with acute and subacute deep venous thrombosis (DVT) by using real-time elastography (RTE).

Wide complex tachycardia in a patient with congenital heart block: What is the mechanism?

Targeting metabolic abnormalities to reverse fibrosis in iatrogenic laryngotracheal stenosis.

Management of laryngotracheal stenosis (LTS) remains primarily surgical, with a critical need to identify targets for adjuvant therapy. Laryngotracheal stenosis scar fibroblasts exhibit a profibrotic phenotype with distinct metabolic shifts, including an increased glycolysis/oxidative phosphorylation ratio. This study examines the effects of the glutamine antagonist 6-diazo-5-oxo-l-norleucine (DON) on collagen production, gene expression, proliferation, and metabolism of human LTS-derived fibroblasts in vit...

Computed tomography image navigation patient tracker on the cheek during osteoplastic flaps.

Cytokeratin 20 immunocytochemistry on urine sediments: A potential low-cost adjunct to cytology in the diagnosis of low-grade urothelial carcinoma.

Urine cytology is the corner-stone for the diagnosis of urothelial neoplasia; however, a substantial proportion of low-grade carcinomas are reported as inconclusive owing to scant cellularity and subtle cytological features. Biomarkers applied on urine sediment smears of such patients are likely to be clinically relevant. Access to Food and Drug Administration approved urinary biomarkers in resource limited setting is poor. Detection of cytokeratin 20 (CK20) in urine sediments, although still a research too...

Impact of traumatic dental injuries on quality of life in preschoolers and schoolchildren: A systematic review and meta-analysis.

Traumatic dental injuries (TDIs) in childhood and adolescence are a potential public health problem given their prevalence and consequences. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of TDIs on the oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) of preschoolers and schoolchildren, by synthesizing the available evidence.

The language of change among criminal justice clients: Counselor language, client language, and client substance use outcomes.

Counselor and client language have been identified as mechanisms of change in motivational interviewing (MI) counseling sessions. This study evaluated whether language patterns exhibited during MI sessions with substance users in the community would also be found during MI sessions with substance users in the criminal justice system.

In Reply.

We appreciate the comments and concerns raised by members of SAEM's Academy of Diversity and Inclusion in Emergency Medicine(1) regarding the findings of our article, "A Systematic Review of the Impact of Physician Implicit Racial Bias on Clinical Decision Making."(2) We agree with Samuels et al.(1) that there are notable methodological limitations of earlier studies examining the influence of physician implicit bias on clinical decision making that must be considered when interpreting the findings of our ...

Analysis of Argonaute 2-microRNA complexes in ex vivo stored red blood cells.

Human enucleated mature red blood cells (RBCs) contain both mature microRNAs (miRNAs) and mRNAs, and we have previously correlated RBC storage lesion processes such as eryptosis, adenosine 5'-triphosphate loss, and RBC indices with differentially expressed miRNAs. Here we have characterized Argonaute 2 (AGO2)-miRNA complexes in stored mature RBCs as a first step toward understanding their role, if any.

Topical evening primrose oil as a possible therapeutic alternative in children with molluscum contagiosum.

Detection of ABCB5-tumour-antigen-specific CD8(+) T cells in Melanoma Patients and Implications for Immunotherapy.

ABCB5 has been identified as a tumour initiating cell marker and is expressed in various malignancies, including melanoma. Moreover, treatment with anti-ABCB5 monoclonal antibodies has been shown to inhibit tumour growth in xenotransplantation models. Therefore, ABCB5 represents a potential target for cancer immunotherapy. However, cellular immune responses against ABCB5 in humans have not been described so far. Here, we investigated whether ABCB5-reactive T cells are present in human melanoma patients and ...

Continuous infusion vs. intermittent bolus injection of furosemide in acute decompensated heart failure: systematic review and meta-analysis of randomised controlled trials.

Loop diuretics remain a fundamental pharmacological therapy to remove excess fluid and improve symptom control in acute decompensated heart failure. Several recent randomised controlled trials have examined the clinical benefit of continuous vs. bolus furosemide in acute decompensated heart failure, but have reported conflicting findings. The aim of this review was to compare the effects of continuous and bolus furosemide with regard to mortality, length of hospital stay and its efficacy profile in acute de...

Quantitative analysis of the effect of end-tidal carbon dioxide on regional cerebral oxygen saturation in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy under general anaesthesia.

Regional cerebral oxygen saturation (rSO2 ) is currently the most used measure in clinical practice to monitor cerebral ischemia in patients undergoing carotid endarterectomy (CEA). Although end-tidal carbon dioxide (PET CO2 ) is known as a factor that influences rSO2 , the relationship between PET CO2 and rSO2 has not been quantitatively evaluated in patients with severe arteriosclerosis. This study aimed to evaluate the effect of PET CO2 on rSO2 in patients undergoing CEA under general anaesthesia.

Presence of Antibiotics in Shallow Groundwater in the Northern and Southwestern Regions of China.

Antibiotics are widely used, and there is a serious concern about its adverse impacts on the environment and human health. To our knowledge, prior to this work, there was no evidence of the potential presence of antibiotics in groundwater in China, despite populous speculations. This study reported the detection of 35 target antibiotics of 6 groups (chloramphenicois, lincosamides, marcrolides, quinolones, sulfonamides, and tetracyclines), in shallow groundwater samples collected in northern and southwestern...

Aqueous magnesium ion battery based on carbon-coated FeVO4 as anode and Mg-OMS-1 as cathode with high energy density.

The porous FeVO4 is prepared by hydrothermal method and further modified by coating carbon to obtain the FeVO4/C with hierarchical pore structure, which are used as anodic electrodes in aqueous rechargeable magnesium ion battery. And the FeVO4/C material can not only improve the electrical conductivity by coating a carbon layer but also increase the specific surface area by hierarchical pore structure, which is more beneficial for magnesium ion insertion/deinsertion. Therefore, the aqueous rechargeable magn...

Accurate representation of interference colours (Michel-Lévy chart): from rendering to image colour correction.

Here a work flow towards an accurate representation of interference colours (Michel-Lévy chart) digitally captured on a polarised light microscope using dry and oil immersion objectives is presented. The work flow includes accurate rendering of interference colours considering the colour temperature of the light source of the microscope and chromatic adaptation to white points of RGB colour spaces as well as the colour correction of the camera using readily available colour targets. The quality of differen...

Phytoplankton size-scaling of net-energy flux across light and biomass gradients.

Many studies examine how body size mediates energy use, but few examine how size simultaneously regulates energy acquisition. Furthermore, rarely energy fluxes are examined while accounting for the role of biotic and abiotic factors in which they are nested. These limitations contribute to an incomplete understanding of how size affects the transfer of energy through individuals, populations, and communities. Here we characterized photosynthesis-irradiance (P-I) curves and per-cell net-energy use for 21 phy...

The PD-1 and PD-L1 pathway in recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.

Generation of an immunosuppressive microenvironment may enable a persistent human papillomavirus infection in the setting of an otherwise normal immune system. We hypothesized that expression of the T-lymphocyte co-inhibitory receptor programmed death 1 (PD-1) and its ligand PD-L1 would be increased in the recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) microenvironment compared to normal controls.

Comprehensive survey of vitiligo patients in the northeast of China using a predesigned questionnaire.

To assess the sociodemographic data and clinical information of outpatients affected by vitiligo in the northeast of China, vitiligo patients or guardians who presented to the clinic were invited to participate in an exploratory questionnaire. The questionnaire consisted of two sections related to vitiligo, including sociodemographic data and clinical information. A total of 983 vitiligo patients answered the questionnaire. The rates of female and male patients were comparable. The investigated patients wer...

Enhanced recovery after urologic surgery-Current applications and future directions.

Coordinated multidisciplinary perioperative care through enhanced recovery protocols has improved outcomes within urologic surgery. Continued development and refinement of enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) pathways will further augment the care of patients undergoing all urologic procedures. Among the challenges, moving forward is identification of barriers to ERAS adoption by providers, maximizing adherence among patients, standardization of ERAS pathways through establishment of evidence-based princi...

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