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10:10 EDT 31st May 2016 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 1,400,000+

Vasculotide, an Angiopoietin-1 mimetic, ameliorates several features of experimental atopic dermatitis-like disease.

Earlier studies by our group have demonstrated that a transgenic animal engineered to express Tie2 under the control of the Tie2 promoter produced animals with a scaly skin phenotype that recapitulated many of the hallmarks of atopic dermatitis (AT-Derm). To test the hypothesis that this model of AT-Derm is driven by dysregulated Tie2-signalling, we have bred AT-Derm transgenic (TG) animals with TG-animals engineered to overexpress Angiopoietin-1 or -2, the cognate Tie2 ligands. These two ligands act to ant...

Process evaluation of an environmental health risk audit and action plan intervention to reduce alcohol related violence in licensed premises.

Alcohol-related violence is associated with licensed premise environments and their management. There is a lack of evidence for effective interventions to address these, and there are significant barriers to implementation. This study aims to understand how development and implementation processes can facilitate intervention reach, fidelity and receipt and therefore provides key process data necessary to interpret the results of the randomised controlled trial conducted in parallel.

What shapes the oral jaws? Accommodation of complex dentition correlates with premaxillary but not mandibular shape.

Teeth are integrated into the vertebrate oral jaws to provide a functional unit for feeding, however little is known about how this integration occurs during growth and development. The purpose of this study is to identify the ontogenetic changes in oral jaw shape that are associated with the transition of the oral dentition from unicuspid teeth to multicuspid teeth. Here, we compare the shape of the occluding upper (premaxilla) and lower (mandible) jaws of the toothed Mexican tetra (Astyanax mexicanus) and...

Evaluation of Hydroxyl Radical Diffusion and Acidified Thiourea as a Scavenger during Intracoronal Bleaching.

The diffusion of hydroxyl radicals in intracoronal bleaching is associated with a risk of invasive cervical resorption. The use of acidified thiourea has been recommended as a scavenger of residual radicals generated during intracoronal bleaching. The aims of this study were to quantify hydroxyl radical diffusion to external root surfaces after intracoronal bleaching with commonly used materials and to evaluate the effect of using acidified thiourea with hydrogen peroxide (H2O2) on hydroxyl radical diffusio...

Contamination Controls for Analysis of Root Canal Samples by Molecular Methods: An Overlooked and Unsolved Problem.

It has been almost 20 years since molecular methods were first described for the analysis of root canal microbial flora. Contamination control samples are essential to establish DNA decontamination before taking root canal samples, and this review assessed those studies.

Co-dominant effect of selected natural dye sensitizers in DSSC performance.

New in situ generated acylhydrazidate-coordinated complexes and acylhydrazide molecules: Synthesis, structural characterization and photoluminescence property.

By utilizing the hydrothermal in situ acylation of organic acids with N2H4, three acylhydrazidate-coordinated compounds [Mn(L1)2(H2O)2] (L1=2,3-quinolinedicarboxylhydrazidate; HL1=2,3-dihydropyridazino[4,5-b] quinoline-1,4-dione) 1, [Mn2(ox)(L2)2(H2O)6]·2H2O (L2=benzimidazolate-5,6-dicarboxylhydrazide; HL2=6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-g]phthalazine-5,8-dione; ox=oxalate) 2, and [Cd(HL3)(bpy)] (L3=4,5-di(3'-carboxylphenyl)phthalhydrazidate; H3L3=6,7-dihydro-1H-imidazo[4,5-g]phthalazine-5,8-dione; bpy=2,2'-bip...

Photocatalytic activity enhancement of anatase-graphene nanocomposite for methylene removal: Degradation and kinetics.

In the present research, the TiO2-graphene nanocomposite was synthesized by an eco-friendly method. The blackberry juice was introduced to graphene oxide (GO) as a reducing agent to produce the graphene nano-sheets. The nanocomposite of anatase-graphene was developed as a photocatalyst for the degradation of methylene blue, owing to the larger specific surface area and synergistic effect of reduced graphene oxide (RGO). The UV spectroscopy measurements showed that the prepared nanocomposite exhibited an exc...

Efficacy of oral corticosteroids therapy in anti-glutamic acid decarboxylase antibodies cerebellar ataxia.

Cricotracheostomy: new technique to open an airway in emergencies with partial resection of the cricoid cartilage.

Cricotracheostomy is suitable for use in high-risk situations when urgent endotracheal intubation and conventional open tracheostomy cannot be achieved. We successfully removed the anterior portion of the cricoid cartilage to establish access to the airways in seven patients with cancer of the head and neck without complications, and the stomas were closed in three patients who had no stenosis of the larynx.

Ego-resiliency development from late adolescence to emerging adulthood: A ten-year longitudinal study.

This study examined the development of ego-resiliency from late adolescence to emerging adulthood, using a 10-year cohort-sequential design. Participants were 335 Italian adolescents (173 females and 162 males), living, at the time of the study, in Genzano, a small city near to Rome. Latent growth curve analyses indicated that the developmental trajectory of ego-resiliency from 15 to 25 years is adequately described by a piecewise model that included separate growth profiles corresponding to different devel...

Southern Ocean phytoplankton physiology in a changing climate.

The Southern Ocean (SO) is a major sink for anthropogenic atmospheric carbon dioxide (CO2), potentially harbouring even greater potential for additional sequestration of CO2 through enhanced phytoplankton productivity. In the SO, primary productivity is primarily driven by bottom up processes (physical and chemical conditions) which are spatially and temporally heterogeneous. Due to a paucity of trace metals (such as iron) and high variability in light, much of the SO is characterised by an ecological parad...

Occupational Radiation Exposure during Pregnancy: A Survey of Attitudes and Practices among Interventional Radiologists.

To assess attitudes of interventional radiologists toward occupational ionizing radiation exposure in pregnancy and to survey practice patterns and outcomes.

Insights into the complex levels of regulation imposed on Escherichia coli DNA polymerase V.

It is now close to 40 years since the isolation of non-mutable umu/uvm strains of Escherichia coli and the realization that damage induced mutagenesis in E.coli is not a passive process. Early models of mutagenesis envisioned the Umu proteins as accessory factors to the cell's replicase that not only reduced its normally high fidelity, but also allowed the enzyme to traverse otherwise replication-blocking lesions in the genome. However, these models underwent a radical revision approximately 15 years ago, w...

DNA damage tolerance by recombination: Molecular pathways and DNA structures.

Replication perturbations activate DNA damage tolerance (DDT) pathways, which are crucial to promote replication completion and to prevent fork breakage, a leading cause of genome instability. One mode of DDT uses translesion synthesis polymerases, which however can also introduce mutations. The other DDT mode involves recombination-mediated mechanisms, which are generally accurate. DDT occurs prevalently postreplicatively, but in certain situations homologous recombination is needed to restart forks. Fork ...

"Polymorphisms in double strand break repair related genes influence radiosensitivity phenotype in lymphocytes from healthy individuals" DNA Repair 40 (2016) 27-34.

Radial distribution function imaging by STEM diffraction: Phase mapping and analysis of heterogeneous nanostructured glasses.

Characterizing heterogeneous nanostructured amorphous materials is a challenging topic, because of difficulty to solve disordered atomic arrangement in nanometer scale. We developed a new transmission electron microscopy (TEM) method to enable phase analysis and mapping of heterogeneous amorphous structures. That is to combine scanning TEM (STEM) diffraction mapping, radial distribution function (RDF) analysis, and hyperspectral analysis. This method was applied to an amorphous zirconium oxide and zirconium...

Coronary Artery Disease: Why we should consider the Y chromosome.

Coronary artery disease (CAD) is one of the leading causes of morbidity and mortality globally. In the last few years our understanding of the genetic and molecular mechanisms that promote CAD in individuals has increased with the advent of the genome era. This complex inflammatory disease has well-defined environmental risk factors however, in the last 10 years, studies including genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have clearly demonstrated a genetic influence on CAD. Recently, studies on the human Y ch...

20% subcutaneous immunoglobulin dosed biweekly for primary immunodeficiency.

Association of FEF25%-75% and bronchodilator reversibility with asthma control and asthma morbidity in inner-city children with asthma.

Adoptive transfer of food allergy via unrelated allogeneic bone marrow transplant.

Occupational allergic respiratory disease due to royal jelly.

Selecting radiomic features from FDG-PET images for cancer treatment outcome prediction.

As a vital task in cancer therapy, accurately predicting the treatment outcome is valuable for tailoring and adapting a treatment planning. To this end, multi-sources of information (radiomics, clinical characteristics, genomic expressions, etc) gathered before and during treatment are potentially profitable. In this paper, we propose such a prediction system primarily using radiomic features (e.g., texture features) extracted from FDG-PET images. The proposed system includes a feature selection method base...

Renal compartment segmentation in DCE-MRI images.

Renal compartment segmentation from Dynamic Contrast-Enhanced MRI (DCE-MRI) images is an important task for functional kidney evaluation. Despite advancement in segmentation methods, most of them focus on segmenting an entire kidney on CT images, there still lacks effective and automatic solutions for accurate segmentation of internal renal structures (i.e. cortex, medulla and renal pelvis) from DCE-MRI images. In this paper, we introduce a method for renal compartment segmentation which can robustly achiev...

Identification of lesion images from gastrointestinal endoscope based on feature extraction of combinational methods with and without learning process.

The gastrointestinal endoscopy in this study refers to conventional gastroscopy and wireless capsule endoscopy (WCE). Both of these techniques produce a large number of images in each diagnosis. The lesion detection done by hand from the images above is time consuming and inaccurate. This study designed a new computer-aided method to detect lesion images. We initially designed an algorithm named joint diagonalisation principal component analysis (JDPCA), in which there are no approximation, iteration or inv...

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