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04:15 EDT 23rd April 2014 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 980,000+


Long-range repulsion of colloids driven by ion exchange and diffusiophoresis.

Interactions between surfaces and particles in aqueous suspension are usually limited to distances smaller than 1 μm. However, in a range of studies from different disciplines, repulsion of particles has been observed over distances of up to hundreds of micrometers, in the absence of any additional external fields. Although a range of hypotheses have been suggested to account for such behavior, the physical mechanisms responsible for the phenomenon still remain unclear. To identify and isolate these mechan...


Iron Oxide Nanoparticles Induce Oxidative Stress, DNA Damage, and Caspase Activation in the Human Breast Cancer Cell Line.

Broad applications of iron oxide nanoparticles require an improved understanding of their potential effects on human health. In the present study, we explored the underlying mechanism through which iron oxide nanoparticles induce toxicity in human breast cancer cells (MCF-7). MTT (3-(4, 5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2, 5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide) and lactate dehydrogenase assays were used to examine mechanisms of cytotoxicity. Concentration- and time-dependent cytotoxicity was observed in MCF-7 cells. Iron oxi...


Pharmacological Characterization of Cultivated Neuronal Networks: Relevance to Synaptogenesis and Synaptic Connectivity.

Mental disorders, such as schizophrenia or Alzheimer's disease, are associated with impaired synaptogenesis and/or synaptic communication. During development, neurons assemble into neuronal networks, the primary supracellular mediators of information processing. In addition to the orchestrated activation of genetic programs, spontaneous electrical activity and associated calcium signaling have been shown to be critically involved in the maturation of such neuronal networks. We established an in vitro model...


End-binding protein 1 stimulates paclitaxel sensitivity in breast cancer by promoting its actions toward microtubule assembly and stability.

Paclitaxel is a microtubule-targeting agent widely used for the treatment of many solid tumors. However, patients show variable sensitivity to this drug, and effective diagnostic tests predicting drug sensitivity remain to be investigated. Herein, we show that the expression of end-binding protein 1 (EB1), a regulator of microtubule dynamics involved in multiple cellular activities, in breast tumor tissues correlates with the pathological response of tumors to paclitaxel-based chemotherapy. In vitro cell pr...


Is Memantine + Acetylcholinesterase Inhibitor Treatment Superior to Either Therapy Alone in Alzheimer's Disease?

Alzheimer's disease is the most common form of dementia in the elderly. Currently, there is no established standard treatment for this disease; therefore, the treatment of Alzheimer's disease will be a major challenge for physicians in the next decade in order to ameliorate quality of life of patients and reduce the costs for the communities.


Ventricular and Lumbar Cerebrospinal Fluid Concentrations of Alzheimer's Disease Biomarkers in Patients with Normal Pressure Hydrocephalus and Posttraumatic Hydrocephalus.

Background: Little information is available on the rostro-caudal concentration gradient of Alzheimer's disease (AD) biomarkers. Objective: We studied the concentrations of amyloid-β (Aβ) peptides 1-42 and 1-40 as well as the Tau and pTau proteins in simultaneously collected ventricular and lumbar cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) samples. Methods: The samples were simultaneously collected from the ventricle and the lumbar spinal canal in two groups of patients: 10 subjects being treated for normal pressure hydroc...


Regulation of Neuronal Cytoskeletal Protein Phosphorylation in Neurodegenerative Diseases.

Neuronal cytoskeletal proteins such as neurofilaments (NFs) and tau are aberrantly and hyperphosphorylated in neurodegeneration. Under normal physiological conditions, NFs are synthesized in the cell bodies and phosphorylated and transported in the axonal compartment. However, under neurodegenerative disorders such as Alzheimer's disease (AD), spinal cord motor neuron inclusions of amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, Lewy bodies of Parkinson's disease, Pick's disease, Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease, and diabetic ne...


Lipidated peptides via post-synthetic thioalkylation promoted by molecular sieves.

A thioalkylation procedure, which uses molecular sieves to promote the reaction, was exploited to provide peptides with useful functional groups (lipidic moieties), naturally occurring on proteins as post-translational modifications. The procedure was further implemented to synthesize tailor-made lipidated peptides, interesting tools to investigate biological processes involving their Ras parent proteins. Moreover, the one-pot preparation of multi-alkylated peptides confirms the versatility and flexibility...


A New lncRNA, APTR, Associates with and Represses the CDKN1A/p21 Promoter by Recruiting Polycomb Proteins.

Long noncoding RNAs (lncRNAs) have emerged as a major regulator of cell physiology, but many of which have no known function. CDKN1A/p21 is an important inhibitor of the cell-cycle, regulator of the DNA damage response and effector of the tumor suppressor p53, playing a crucial role in tumor development and prevention. In order to identify a regulator for tumor progression, we performed an siRNA screen of human lncRNAs required for cell proliferation, and identified a novel lncRNA, APTR, that acts in trans...


Interceptor effect of C60 fullerene on the in vitro action of aromatic drug molecules.

C60 fullerenes are spherical molecules composed purely of carbon atoms. They inspire a particularly strong scientific interest because of their specific physico-chemical properties and potential medical and nanotechnological applications. In this work we are focusing on studying the influence of the pristine C60 fullerene on biological activity of some aromatic drug molecules in human buccal epithelial cells. Assessment of the heterochromatin structure in the cell nucleus as well as the barrier function of...


Wild-type measles viruses with non-standard genome lengths.

The length of the single stranded, negative sense RNA genome of measles virus (MeV) is highly conserved at 15,894 nucleotides (nt). MeVs can be grouped into 24 genotypes based on the highly variable 450 nucleotides coding for the carboxyl-terminus of the nucleocapsid protein (N-450). Here, we report the genomic sequences of 2 wild-type viral isolates of genotype D4 with genome lengths of 15,900 nt. Both genomes had a 7 nt insertion in the 3' untranslated region (UTR) of the matrix (M) gene and a 1 nt deleti...


Acylated phenylethanoid glycosides, echinacoside and acteoside from Cistanche tubulosa, improve glucose tolerance in mice.

Acylated phenylethanoid glycosides, echinacoside (1) and acteoside (2), principal constituents in stems of Cistanche tubulosa (Orobanchaceae), inhibited the increase in postprandial blood glucose levels in starch-loaded mice at doses of 250-500 mg/kg p.o. These compounds (1 and 2) also significantly improved glucose tolerance in starch-loaded mice after 2 weeks of continuous administration at doses of 125 and/or 250 mg/kg/day p.o. without producing significant changes in body weight or food intake. In ad...


Comparative QTL analysis of root lesion nematode resistance in barley.

This study demonstrates for the first time that resistance to different root lesion nematodes ( P. neglectus and P. penetrans ) is controlled by a common QTL. A major resistance QTL ( Rlnnp6H ) has been mapped to chromosome 6H using two independent barley populations. Root lesion nematodes (Pratylenchus spp.) are important pests in cereal production worldwide. We selected two doubled haploid populations of barley (Igri × Franka and Uschi × HHOR 3073) and infected them with Pratylenchus penetrans and P...


QTL for resistance to root lesion nematode (Pratylenchus thornei) from a synthetic hexaploid wheat source.

A whole genome average interval mapping approach identified eight QTL associated with P. thornei resistance in a DH population from a cross between the synthetic-derived wheat Sokoll and cultivar Krichauff. Pratylenchus thornei are migratory nematodes that feed and reproduce within the wheat root cortex, causing cell death (lesions) resulting in severe yield reductions globally. Genotypic selection using molecular markers closely linked to Pratylenchus resistance genes will accelerate the development of new...


Micro RNA-373 is Down-regulated in Pancreatic Cancer and Inhibits Cancer Cell Invasion.

Micro RNAs (miRNAs) are small noncoding RNAs that have gained attention as key molecules in the malignant characteristics of cancers, and several recent investigations also have identified some miRNAs as potential key regulators to inhibit the malignant characteristics of tumors. MiRNA-373 (miR-373) has recently been reported to induce E-cadherin, which is a key regulator of epithelial-mesenchymal transition (EMT). However, the role of miR-373 in the characteristics of cancer cells is not still well known.


Pathology Review Significantly Affects Diagnosis and Treatment of Melanoma Patients: An Analysis of 5011 Patients Treated at a Melanoma Treatment Center.

Pathologists sometimes disagree on the diagnosis of melanoma or its histopathologic staging, which may have implications for treatment and follow-up. For this reason, melanoma patients referred to Melanoma Institute Australia (MIA) for further treatment routinely have their pathology slides reviewed by MIA pathologists. This study sought to determine whether diagnosis, staging, and treatment of melanoma patients changed significantly after central pathology review.


Significance of Allelic Percentage of BRAF c.1799T > A (V600E) Mutation in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma.

Somatic BRAF mutation is frequently observed in papillary thyroid carcinoma (PTC). Recent evidence suggests that PTCs are heterogeneous tumors containing a subclonal or oligoclonal occurrence of BRAF mutation. Conflicting results have been reported concerning the prognostic significance of the mutant allele frequency. Our present aim was to investigate the association between the percentage of BRAF c.1799T > A (p.Val600Glu) alleles and clinicopathological parameters in PTC.


How Spirituality Helps Cancer Patients with the Adjustment to their Disease.

It has been suggested that spirituality is associated with higher well-being, because it offers social support, improves the relationship with the partner, provides meaning, and reduces self-focus and worry. We performed a qualitative study among ten people with cancer, using the Consensual Qualitative Research method for the analysis of semi-structured interviews. Support was found for the mechanisms of meaning provision and of reduction of self-focus and worries. Participants also mentioned emotion-focuse...


Feasibility of sheathless transfemoral aortic valve implantation in patients with small access vessel diameters.

We intended to show feasibility of sheathless transfemoral aortic valve implantation in patients with small access vessel diameters.


The updated phylogenies of the phasianidae based on combined data of nuclear and mitochondrial DNA.

The phylogenetic relationships of species in the Phasianidae, Order Galliformes, are the object of intensive study. However, convergent morphological evolution and rapid species radiation result in much ambiguity in the group. Further, matrilineal (mtDNA) genealogies conflict with trees based on nuclear DNA retrotransposable elements. Herein, we analyze 39 nearly complete mitochondrial genomes (three new) and up to seven nuclear DNA segments. We combine these multiple unlinked, more informative genetic mark...


In vitro calcite crystal morphology is modulated by otoconial proteins otolin-1 and otoconin-90.

Otoconia are formed embryonically and are instrumental in detecting linear acceleration and gravity. Degeneration and fragmentation of otoconia in elderly patients leads to imbalance resulting in higher frequency of falls that are positively correlated with the incidence of bone fractures and death. In this work we investigate the roles otoconial proteins Otolin-1 and Otoconin 90 (OC90) perform in the formation of otoconia. We demonstrate by rotary shadowing and atomic force microscopy (AFM) experiments tha...


Panax ginseng extract modulates oxidative stress, DNA fragmentation and up-regulate gene expression in rats sub chronically treated with aflatoxin B1 and fumonisin B 1.

Aflatoxins and fumonisins are important food-borne mycotoxins implicated in human health and have cytotoxic effects. The aims of the current study were to evaluate the protective role of Panax ginseng extract (PGE) against the synergistic effect of subchronic administration of aflatoxin B1 (AFB1) and fumonisin B1 (FB1) on DNA and gene expression in rat. Female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into eight groups (ten rats/group) and treated for 12 weeks including the control group, the group having received...


Tenosynovitis of the peroneal tendons associated with a hypertrophic peroneal tubercle: radiography and MRI findings.

An enlarged peroneal tubercle can cause a peroneal tendon tear and/or tenosynovitis due to chronic friction. We present the case of a 45-year-old man with tenosynovitis in the peroneus longus and brevis tendons associated with a hypertrophic peroneal tubercle. On admission to our facility, the patient presented with pain while walking and had a fixed mass on the lateral aspect of his right foot. In addition, an osseous prominence corresponding to a hypertrophic peroneal tubercle was seen on the lateral side...


Scalp fibroma: a rare cutaneous manifestation of tuberous sclerosis.

We report a case of a 23-year-old woman with a history of generalised tonic-clonic seizures, reddish brown maculopapular swelling over the face and an enlarging swelling over the scalp. Physical examinations revealed angiofibroma of the face and other typical cutaneous lesions of tuberous sclerosis, for example, shagreen patch and periungual fibroma. Scalp swelling was labelled as fibroma by dermatologists, which was further supported by the histopathological findings. Fibroma of the face is one of the comm...


The great masquerader: Behcet's disease.

This report describes the case of a 44-year-old Caucasian woman of Northern European descent with a medical history of pyoderma gangrenosum, chronic abdominal pain and erythema nodosum which required intermittent use of high-dose steroids that failed to improve her symptoms. The patient was initially diagnosed with Crohn's disease and most recently with sclerosing mesenteritis. She presented to the hospital with worsening abdominal pain. She was found to have recurrent painful aphthous oral, genital and per...

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