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PubMed Journal Database - Page: 2 RSS

01:55 EDT 23rd September 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 26–50 of 1,600+

YScSi4N6C:Ce(3+)-A Broad Cyan-Emitting Phosphor To Weaken the Cyan Cavity in Full-Spectrum White Light-Emitting Diodes.

On the basis of a rough rule of thumb that the difference in ionic radius for the interstitial cationic pair may affect the structure of some nitride and carbonitride compounds, a novel carbonitride phosphor, YScSi4N6C:Ce(3+), was successfully designed. The crystal structure (space group P63mc (No. 186), a = b = 5.9109(8) Å, c = 9.67701(9) Å, α = β = 90°, γ = 120°) was characterized by single-crystal synchrotron X-ray diffraction and further confirmed by powder X-ray diffraction and refined with Riet...

Young Females' Attention towards Road Safety Images: An ERP Study of the Revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory.

This study examined whether reward and punishment sensitivities, as conceptualised by Gray and McNaughton's revised Reinforcement Sensitivity Theory (RST), influenced young female drivers' attention towards a series of positive and negative anti-speeding advertisement images. Young females' increasing crash risk is associated with their engagement in risky behaviours which, in turn, has been associated with a stronger Behavioural Approach System (BAS; sensitive to rewards). It was predicted that individuals...

Young Children's Self-Concepts Include Representations of Abstract Traits and the Global Self.

There is debate about the abstractness of young children's self-concepts-specifically, whether they include representations of (a) general traits and abilities and (b) the global self. Four studies (N = 176 children aged 4-7) suggested these representations are indeed part of early self-concepts. Studies 1 and 2 reexamined prior evidence that young children cannot represent traits and abilities. The results suggested that children's seemingly immature judgments in previous studies were due to peculiaritie...

You'd better walk alone: Changes in forest composition affect pollination efficiency and predispersal cone damage in Iberian Juniperus thurifera forests.

Changes in land use patterns are a major driver of global environmental change. Cessation of traditional land use practices has led to forest expansion and shifts in forest composition. Consequently, former monospecific forests maintained by traditional management are progressing towards mixed forests. However, there is a scarce knowledge on how the presence of other tree species will affect reproduction of formerly dominant species. We explored this question in the wind-pollinated tree Juniperus thurifera....

Yellow fever.

Young Children Are More Likely to Spontaneously Attribute Mental States to Members of Their Own Group.

We investigated whether young children were more likely to spontaneously attribute mental states to members of their own social group than to members of an out-group. We asked 5- and 6-year-old children to describe the actions of interacting geometric shapes and manipulated whether the children believed these shapes represented their own group or another group. Children of both ages spontaneously used mental-state words more often in their description of in-group members compared with out-group members. Fur...

Yours, mine, or ours: cautions about LRT.

Young Patient with Advanced Heart Failure No Longer a Candidate for Heart Transplantation after MitraClip® Procedure.

In Europe, mitral regurgitation (MR) is the second most common form of valvular heart disease requiring surgical treatment. The case is presented of a 36-year-old woman with end-stage heart failure secondary to chemotherapy-induced cardiotoxicity, complicated by severe MR. She was listed for heart transplantation and underwent percutaneous MitraClip® implantation in order to preclude further clinical deterioration while awaiting a suitable donor. The one-year follow-up showed a strong improvement of sympto...

Young people, HIV, and life goals.

Young voices.

Young inversion with multiple linked QTLs under selection in a hybrid zone.

Fixed chromosomal inversions can reduce gene flow and promote speciation in two ways: by suppressing recombination and by carrying locally favoured alleles at multiple loci. However, it is unknown whether favoured mutations slowly accumulate on older inversions or if young inversions spread because they capture pre-existing adaptive quantitative trait loci (QTLs). By genetic mapping, chromosome painting and genome sequencing, we have identified a major inversion controlling ecologically important traits in ...

Young at Heart - Is That Good Enough for CT Screening?

Yiqihuoxue prescription promotes nerve regeneration by miR-124-mediated regulation of Wnt signaling in rats.

To investigate the effect of Yiqihuoxue prescription (NLXT) on nerve regeneration in MCAO-R rat models of qi deficiency and blood stasis syndrome and explore the underlying mechanisms.

Yeasts dominate soil fungal communities in three lowland Neotropical rainforests.

Forest soils typically harbour a vast diversity of fungi, but are usually dominated by filamentous (hyphae-forming) taxa. Compared to temperate and boreal forests, though, we have limited knowledge about the fungal diversity in tropical rainforest soils. Here we show, by environmental metabarcoding of soil samples collected in three Neotropical rainforests, that Yeasts dominate the fungal communities in terms of the number of sequencing reads and OTUs. These unicellular forms are commonly found in aquatic e...

Yellow fever in Africa and the Americas, 2016.

Yes, research matters.

My father was diagnosed with stomach cancer recently. Luckily, it was still at an early stage, and endoscopic surgery successfully took care of it. My father was fortunate; since people with stomach cancer do not show clear symptoms in the early stages, the disease is often not diagnosed until it becomes advanced. In his case, the diagnosis started from a suggestion by his doctor to check whether he had a gastric infection with Helicobacter pylori, a bacterial species found in the digestive tract. In Japan,...

Yield of community-based tuberculosis targeted testing and treatment in foreign-born populations in the United States: A systematic review.

To synthesize outputs and outcomes of community-based tuberculosis targeted testing and treatment (TTT) programs in foreign-born populations (FBP) in the United States (US).

YM155 as an inhibitor of cancer stemness simultaneously inhibits autophosphorylation of epidermal growth factor receptor and G9a-mediated stemness in lung cancer cells.

Cancer stem cell survival is the leading factor for tumor recurrence after tumor-suppressive treatments. Therefore, specific and efficient inhibitors of cancer stemness must be discovered for reducing tumor recurrence. YM155 has been indicated to significantly reduce stemness-derived tumorsphere formation. However, the pharmaceutical mechanism of YM155 against cancer stemness is unclear. This study investigated the potential mechanism of YM155 against cancer stemness in lung cancer. Tumorspheres derived fro...

Young children's tool innovation across culture: Affordance visibility matters.

Young children typically demonstrate low rates of tool innovation. However, previous studies have limited children's performance by presenting tools with opaque affordances. In an attempt to scaffold children's understanding of what constitutes an appropriate tool within an innovation task we compared tools in which the focal affordance was visible to those in which it was opaque. To evaluate possible cultural specificity, data collection was undertaken in a Western urban population and a remote Indigenous ...

Yield and Water Quality Impacts of Field-Scale Integration of Willow into a Continuous Corn Rotation System.

Agricultural landscape design has gained recognition by the international environmental and development community as a strategy to address multiple goals in land, water, and ecosystem service management; however, field research is needed to quantify impacts on specific local environments. The production of bioenergy crops in specific landscape positions within a grain-crop field can serve the dual purpose of producing cellulosic biomass (nutrient recovery) while also providing regulating ecosystem services ...

Young adults' experiences of neighbourhood smoking-related norms and practices: A qualitative study exploring place-based social inequalities in smoking.

In this qualitative exploratory study we asked how smoking among young adults relates to the local neighbourhood context to better understand place-based social inequalities in smoking. We used data collected through focus groups with young adults from four economically diverse neighbourhoods in Montreal, Canada. Using the collective lifestyles framework to guide data analysis, we examined within and between neighbourhood social norms, practices, and agency. We found that some smoking-related social norms, ...

Yoga practice is associated with superior motor imagery performance.

Yoga is an activity that aims to integrate physical, mental and spiritual elements and is an increasingly popular approach to enhancing physical fitness. The integration of imagery within yoga practice is considered an important component and may be critical in contributing to the benefits of yoga that have been reported. In this study, we tested whether individuals who practice yoga demonstrate superior performance on an objective measure of implicit motor imagery. Thirty-six participants (18 yoga, 18 nony...

Young carer awareness, identification and referral.

Young carers often provide care because they have always done so for the people they care about, and because they believe that the care recipient could not manage without them. For many young carers, looking after their own health, combining caring with schoolwork, getting access to training or having time off from carer duties can be a major challenge ( Department of Health [DH], 2008 ). This paper presents evidence from a literature review that builds a substantial body of knowledge to suggest that commun...

You can be too thin (but not too tall): Social desirability bias in self-reports of weight and height.

Previous studies of survey data from the U.S. and other countries find that women tend to understate their body weight on average, while both men and women overstate their height on average. Social norms have been posited as one potential explanation for misreporting of weight and height, but lack of awareness of body weight has been suggested as an alternative explanation, and the evidence presented to date is inconclusive. This paper is the first to offer a theoretical model of self-reporting behavior for...

Yoga Therapy in Japan.

This perspective piece gives an overview of the current situation of yoga therapy in Japan today. Traditional yoga in Japan suffered a serious setback in 1995 with a nerve gas terrorist attack on the Tokyo subway, which was carried out by a cult that recruited members through yoga classes. But with the increase in popularity with modern forms of yoga such as Iyengar yoga, Ashtanga yoga and hot yoga in the West, the general public in Japan today is forgetting its aversion to yoga and considers it to be somet...


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