Advertisement

Topics

PubMed Journal Database | Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie RSS

14:11 EDT 23rd March 2017 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

For example view all recent relevant publications on Epigenetics and associated publications and clincial trials.

Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 214 from Fortschritte der Neurologie-Psychiatrie

Neurological early rehabilitation and pallation.

Update Opipramol.

Opipramol was developed in the 1960s as an antidepressant and has chemical similarities with tricyclic antidepressants. Pharmacodynamic properties with absent reuptake inhibition of serotonin and noradrenaline and agonism at sigma receptors distinguish opipramol from tricyclics. Furthermore, antidepressive effects are smaller than the anxiolytic ones. The mechanism of action of opipramol is currently not sufficiently understood. Agonistic effects at sigma receptors have been linked with therapeutic effects....

Therapeutic Decisions Concerning Severe Neurological Diseases and at the End of Life.

Modern medicine increasingly enables survival of life-threatening diseases. On the other side, however, especially in Neurology, the questions have to be addressed how intensive the initial treatment should be and how to deal with residual states when severe functional or cognitive deficits are expected. In these cases, it is not only important to decide which medical measures are appropriate for the patient, but also whether, given the prognosis, the patient would agree with the suggested measures. This ar...

The Influence of Caseload on Continuous Treatment with Antidementia Drugs.

Objective The goal of this study is to investigate the impact of the number of dementia cases in general and specialist practices on the continuity of treatment with antidementia drugs. Methodology Period between 2004 and 2013: 1116 general practices, 200 specialist practices, 37 178 dementia cases; observation period: 36 months. Practice groups with 1 - 9, 10 - 20, 21-s49, and ≥ 50 dementia cases. Results The treatment continuity is higher in practices with an average of 150 dementia ca...

Alcohol withdrawal and its major complications.

Delirium tremens is one of the most common complications of alcohol withdrawal. It is potentially lethal and therefore should be detected as early as possible and be monitored and treated intensively. The assessment of risk factors with the Luebeck Alcohol-Withdrawal Risk Scale short form (LARS-11) can help to predict the risk of severe withdrawal adequately. As delirium cannot be differentiated from Wernicke-Encephalopathy with sufficient certainty high parenteral doses of Vitamin B1 and Magnesium orally s...

Gait as the Key Symptom: Neurophysiological Analysis supplements Clinical Diagnosis at First Glance.

Symptom Validation in Independent Medical Evaluations.

High prevalence rates of non-authentic complaints identified by experts in the field of insurance medicine draw attention to the risk of services, which are of limited availability and financially compensated, being used in ways that are not goal-oriented. Therefore, symptom validity testing has become a growing issue to prevent non-targeted monetary compensations. This paper outlines the best-evaluated methods and instruments. Based on the data currently available, their validity, in particular in the cont...

Crossed Aphasia.

Crossed aphasia (CA) is a rare acquired language disorder caused by a right-sided brain lesion in dextrals. Based on a case report, relevant aspects for the diagnosis of CA and differential diagnoses will be outlined. Relevant hypotheses concerning etiology, epidemiology, phenomenology and pathophysiology will be discussed with reference to the literature. The phenomenon of CA has contributed for decades to the development of hypotheses concerning lateralization of cognitive abilities.

Internet- and Mobile Based Psychotherapy for Depression.

Guided Internet- and mobile-based interventions (IMIs) are an effective and scientifically sound treatment option for depression. Meta-analyses revealed effect sizes comparable to those found for face-to-face treatment as well as pharmacotherapy. Today, most IMIs are based on cognitive behavioral therapy (CBT). While IMIs are well established in healthcare systems of many countries worldwide, Germany is still lagging behind. However, there are an increasing number of model projects trying to implement IMIs ...

Side Effects of Occupational Group Therapy.

Background: Occupational therapy is an important co-therapy in psychiatric therapy. It is a common belief that no risks are associated with occupational therapy. Negative effects caused by group therapy, especially occupational therapy, have not been in the focus of research yet. In this study we want to illustrate possible types and intensities of group side effects through occupational therapy. Patients and Methods: Patients of an inpatient rehabilitation facility filled out the Adverse Treatment Reaction...

Integration of Palliative and Hospice Care Structures in the Care of Neurological Patients: Opinion of Chief Consultant Neurologists in Germany.

An online survey of chief neurological consultants was conducted to find out how they judged the demand for and access to palliative and hospice care (PHC) structures for their neurological patients (NP) as well as their collaboration with PHC structures. 110 of 881 chief consultants who were contacted participated in the survey. About 10 % of their NP were considered suitable for PHC. They estimated that 9 % of the deceased had died from their underlying neurological disease. The integration of PHC str...

The Brain-Injured Relationship: Neuropsychological Rehabilitation Counselling and Therapy of Couples and Families.

A brain-injured patient's system of relationships is severely disbalanced, and seeks a new equilibrium very much like a kinetic mobile sculpture responding to an impulse. Thus, it is not only the deficits in the patients and their environment and resources that define the success of participation in the process of rehabilitation. Fundamentally, it relies on stable and adjustable relationships as well as trustful communication in the patients' social systems. Negotiating participation is a concerted, interac...

The Basic-Symptom Concept and its Influence on Current International Research on the Prediction of Psychoses.

The early detection of psychoses has become increasingly relevant in research and clinic. Next to the ultra-high risk (UHR) approach that targets an immediate risk of developing frank psychosis, the basic symptom approach that targets the earliest possible detection of the developing disorder is being increasingly used worldwide. The present review gives an introduction to the development and basic assumptions of the basic symptom concept, summarizes the results of studies on the specificity of basic sympto...

Chronic Inflammatory Demyelinating Polyneuropathy.

Chronic inflammatory demyelinating polyneuropathy (CIDP) is a chronic progressive or relapsing autoimmune neuropathy with heterogeneous clinical presentation. Symptoms typically include symmetrical, proximal and/or distal paresis and sensory loss. Atypical CIDP variants are increasingly recognized, including subtypes with rapid onset as well as variants with pure sensory, focal or marked asymmetrical deficits. Diagnosis is established by compatible symptoms, characteristic electrophysiological features and ...

Psychiatry Between Neurosciences and Social Sciences.

A Short Summary of the Psychopathological Construct by Karl Leonhard.

The so-called psychopathology according to Karl Leonhard is increasingly forgotten - similar to many other historical attempts to conceptualise psychiatric disorder. Therefore, this overview summarises briefly the principles of its construction. This may serve as the basis of future critical analyses in which then also the reasons for the fundamental failure of this approach may be discussed.

Repetitive Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation (rTMS) as a Therapeutic Tool in Psychiatry - Current State of Application in Germany.

The repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS) opens new therapeutic options in neuropsychiatric disorders. The use of rTMS in depressive disorders has been most preferably investigated in clinical trials. In Germany, the application of rTMS outside of clinical trials is already increasingly common, not only for depression. Our nationwide survey in psychiatric hospitals was used to detect the current state of the application of rTMS in clinical practice, and should serve as a basis for the developme...

Treatment and Recidivism of Patients Convicted for Homicide After Release From a Forensic Psychiatry for Addiction Treatment.

The forensic clinic for addiction treatment in Rostock is a forensic institution for patients who committed crimes under the influence of psychotropic substances. Regardless of the severity of the offence, patients receive different kinds of treatment depending on the therapy program. Criminal recidivism can be seen as one of the most important factors to validate success in treatment. Due to this purpose, an extensive recidivism study including all former patients from 2001 to 2012 was conducted at our c...

On Criteria Diversity in Diagnostics of Adult Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder.

The diagnosis of adult attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) requires evidence for a persistence of core symptoms of the disorder since childhood, the differential diagnostic assessment of other psychiatric or neurologic disorders that might have elicited the current symptoms, an assessment of symptom relevance in terms of clinical impairment, as well as a survey of comorbid psychiatric disorders. Methods used within the diagnostic procedure are clinical questionnaires and interviews, personality ...

Insomnia Between Neuro- and Social Sciences - A Psycho-Socio-Somatic Outview.

Insomnia is one of the most prevalent neuropsychiatric disorders throughout Europe. It is associated with a number of health-relevant problems including an increased risk of psychiatric and organic disorders. A variety of organic, social and psychological risk factors takes part in the genesis of these sleep disturbances. A key component of the pathophysiology is the multifaceted hyperarousal that is expressed in the cognitive, emotional, neuronal, neuroendocrine, the hypothalamo-pituitary-adrenal axis, and...


Quick Search
Advertisement