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PubMed Journal Database | Journal of drug targeting RSS

15:10 EDT 26th June 2016 | BioPortfolio

The US National Library of Medicine and National Institutes of Health manage PubMed.gov which comprises of more than 21 million records, papers, reports for biomedical literature, including MEDLINE, life science and medical journals, articles, reviews, reports and  books.  BioPortfolio aims to publish relevant information on published papers, clinical trials and news associated with users selected topics.

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 179 from Journal of drug targeting

Thermosensitive liposomal cisplatin in combination with local hyperthermia results in tumor growth delay and changes in tumor microenvironment in xenograft models of lung carcinoma.

Treatment efficacy of a heat-activated thermosensitive liposome formulation of cisplatin (CDDP), known as HTLC, was determined in xenograft models of non-small-cell lung carcinoma. The short-term impact of local hyperthermia (HT) on tumor morphology, microvessel density and local inflammatory response was also evaluated. The HTLC formulation in combination with local HT resulted in a significant advantage in therapeutic effect in comparison with free drug and a non-thermosensitive liposome formulation of CD...

PRCosomes: Pretty Reactive Complexes Formed in Liposomes.

As a tribute to Pieter R. Cullis, this manuscript identifies a liposomal formulation that bears his initials: the PRCosomes. "Pretty" Reactive Complexes within liposomes were observed while the senior author of this manuscript completed his Ph.D. thesis under Pieter's supervision. The dye (safranine) was used as a tool to measure the magnitude of the transmembrane gradient generated with liposomes. The dye's redistribution is easily detected by eye and correlates with >98% encapsulation of the dye. This obs...

Glucosamine Anchored Doxorubicin Loaded Targeted Nano-niosomes: Pharmacokinetic, Toxicity and Pharmacodynamic Evaluation.

Efficacy of anticancer drug is limited due to non-selectivity and toxicities allied with the drug; therefore the heart of the present work is to formulate drug delivery systems targeted selectively towards cancer cells with minimal toxicity to normal cells.

Prodrugs for transdermal drug delivery- trends and challenges.

Prodrugs continue to attract significant interest in the transdermal drug delivery field. These moieties can confer favourable physicochemical properties on transdermal drug delivery candidates. Alkyl chain lengthening, pegylation are some of the strategies used for prodrug synthesis. It is usually important to optimize partition coefficient, water and oil solubilities of drugs. In this review, progress made in the field of prodrugs for percutaneous penetration is highlighted and the challenges discussed.

A review of the ligands and related targeting strategies for active targeting of paclitaxel to tumours.

It has been 30 years since the discovery of the anti-tumour property of paclitaxel (PTX), which has been successfully applied in clinic for the treatment of carcinomas of the lungs, breast and ovarian. However, PTX is poorly soluble in water and has no targeting and selectivity to tumour tissue. Recent advances in active tumour targeting of PTX delivery vehicles have addressed some of the issues related to lack of solubility in water and nonspecific toxicities associated with PTX. These PTX delivery vehicle...

Permeation of sumatriptan succinate across human skin using multiple types of self-dissolving microneedle arrays fabricated from sodium hyaluronate.

Available formulations of sumatriptan succinate (SS) have low bioavailability or are associated with site reactions. We developed various types of self-dissolving microneedle arrays (MNs) fabricated from sodium hyaluronate as a new delivery system for SS and evaluated their skin permeation and irritation in terms of clinical application. In vitro permeation studies with human skin, physicochemical properties (needle length, thickness, and density), and penetration enhancers (glycerin, sodium dodecyl sulfate...

vwF A3-GPI Modification of EPCs Accelerates Re-endothelialization of Injured Vessels via Collagen Targeting in Mice.

Despite the potential of endothelial progenitor cells (EPCs) to incorporate into sites of vessel injury and differentiate into endothelial cells, thereby contributing to the improvement of endothelial function, re-endothelialization in some patients is insufficient for the prevention of abnormal endothelial growth because there is a lack of specific guided signals and low levels of congregation of the EPCs to the injured areas. If some type of molecular tool was able to guide EPCs specifically to the injure...

Polysaccharide-based micro/nanocarriers for oral colon-targeted drug delivery.

Oral colon-targeted drug delivery has attracted many researchers because of its distinct advantages of increasing the bioavailability of the drug at the target site and reducing the side effects. Polysaccharides that are precisely activated by the physiological environment of the colon hold greater promise for colon targeting. Considerable research efforts have been directed towards developing polysaccharide-based micro/nanocarriers. Types of polysaccharides for colon targeting and in vitro/in vivo assessme...

Vitamin E derivative based multifunctional nanoemulsions for overcoming multidrug resistance in cancer.

The multidrug resistance (MDR), including intrinsic and acquired multidrug resistance, is a major problem in tumor chemotherapy. Here, we proposed a strategy for modulating intrinsic and/or acquired multidrug resistance by altering the levels of Bax and Bcl-2 expression and inhibiting the transport function of P-gp, increasing the intracellular concentration of its substrate anticancer drugs. Vitamin E derivative based nanoemulsions containing paclitaxel (MNEs-PTX) were fabricated in this study, and in vitr...

Ibrutinib-A double-edge sword in cancer and autoimmune disorders.

Targeted therapies have appeared as new treatment options for several disease types, including cancer and autoimmune disorders. Of several targets, tyrosine kinases (TKs) are among the most promising. Overexpression of TKs provides a target for novel therapeutic agents, including small molecule inhibitors of tyrosine kinases (TKI). Ibrutinib (PCI-32765) is a TKI of Bruton's tyrosine kinase (Btk), a key kinase of the B-cell receptor signaling pathway that plays a significant role in the proliferation, differ...

Synthesis and evaluation of a glutamic acid-modified hPAMAM complex as a promising versatile gene carrier.

Hyperbranched poly(amidoamine) (HPAMAM), structurally analogous to polyamidoamine dendrimer (PAMAM) dendrimers, has been suggested to be an effective carrier for gene delivery. In the present study, glutamic acid-modified hPAMAM was developed as a novel non-viral gene carrier for the first time. The hPAMAM was synthesized by using a modified one-pot method. DNA was found to be bound to hPAMAM at different weight ratios (WhPAMAM/WDNA). The resulting HPAMAM-Glu20 was able to efficiently protect the encapsulat...

Lentivirus-mediated shRNA targeting Nanog inhibits cell proliferation and attenuates cancer stem cell activities in breast cancer.

Emerging evidences suggest that cancer stem cells (CSCs) are responsible for tumor growth, metastasis and treatment resistance. Nanog is one of the transcription factors that are essential for stem cellular physiology process. Previous studies reported that Nanog was detected in breast cancer and other solid tumors and indicated that it has oncogenic characteristics. However, expression feature of Nanog in breast cancer stem cells (BCSCs) enriched population and its biological function in BCSCs is poorly un...

Nanosized ethosomes-based hydrogel formulations of methoxsalen for enhanced topical delivery against vitiligo: formulation optimization, in vitro evaluation and preclinical assessment.

The present investigation aimed for the development and characterization of ethosomes-based hydrogel formulations of methoxsalen for enhanced topical delivery and effective treatment against vitiligo. The ethosomes were prepared by central composite design (CCD) and characterized for various quality attributes like vesicle shape, size, zeta potential, lamellarity, drug entrapment and drug leaching. The optimized ethosomes were subsequently incorporated int Carbopol® 934 gel and characterized for drug conte...

A novel antibody-drug conjugate anti-CD19(Fab)-LDM in the treatment of B-cell non-Hodgkin lymphoma xenografts with enhanced anticancer activity.

Rituximab is widely used in clinical setting for the treatment of B malignant lymphoma and has achieved remarkable success. However, in most patients, the disease ultimately relapses and become resistant to rituximab. To overcome the limitation, there is still a need to find novel strategy for improving therapeutic efficacy.

Inhibitory effect of epirubicin-loaded lipid microbubbles with conjugated anti-ABCG2 antibody combined with therapeutic ultrasound on multiple myeloma cancer stem cells.

Ultrasound-targeted microbubble destruction (UTMD) technique is thought to improve the chemotherapeutic agent delivery from microbubbles (MBs) in tumor tissues and reduce the side effects in non-tumor tissues. Multiple myeloma (MM) is a bone marrow cancer and remains to be an incurable disease. In this study, we used the UTMD technique to investigate the inhibitory effect of our developed novel reagent on MM cancer stem cells (CD138(-)CD34(-)MM CSCs) that are MM cells with CD138(-)CD34(-) phenotypes, respon...

Simultaneous targeting of VEGF-receptors 2 and 3 with immunoliposomes enhances therapeutic efficacy.

Tumor progression depends on angiogenesis. Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) receptors (VEGFRs) are the main signal transducers that stimulate endothelial cell migration and vessel sprouting. At present, only VEGFR2 is targeted in the clinical practice.

Microemulsions mediated effective delivery of methotrexate hydrogel: more than a tour de force in psoriasis therapeutics.

Methotrexate (MTX), a well known drug for the treatment of cancer and rheumatoid arthritis, has gained prominence in the treatment of psoriasis over the period of years. However, the present mode of systemic administration through oral or parenteral route has always proposition, full of compromises. The toxicity of drug to the vital organs and physiological environment is the major concern. Also, its poor skin penetration is one major problem. Hence novel system based on lipid carriers has been considered h...

The dual targeting of EGFR and ErbB2 with the inhibitor Lapatinib corrects high glucose-induced apoptosis and vascular dysfunction by opposing multiple diabetes-induced signaling changes.

The epidermal growth factor receptors, EGFR and EGFR2 (ErbB2), appear important mediators of diabetes-induced vascular dysfunction. We investigated whether targeted dual inhibition of EGFR and ErbB2 with Lapatinib would be effective in treating diabetes-induced vascular dysfunction in a rat model of type 1 diabetes. In streptozotocin-induced diabetes, chronic 4-week oral or acute, ex vivo, administration of Lapatinib prevented the development of vascular dysfunction as indicated by the attenuation of the hy...

Traumatic brain injury opens blood-brain barrier to stealth liposomes via an enhanced permeability and retention (EPR)-like effect.

The opening of the tight junctions in the blood-brain barrier (BBB) following traumatic brain injury (TBI) is hypothesized to be sufficient to enable accumulation of large drug carriers, such as stealth liposomes, in a similar manner to the extravasation seen in tumor tissue via the enhanced permeability and retention (EPR) effect. The controlled cortical impact model of TBI was used to evaluate liposome accumulation in mice. Dual-radiolabeled PEGylated liposomes were administered either immediately after i...

Eugenol nanocapsule for enhanced therapeutic activity against periodontal infections.

Eugenol is a godsend to dental care due to its analgesic, local anesthetic, and anti-inflammatory and antibacterial effects. The aim of the present research work was to prepare, characterize and evaluate eugenol-loaded nanocapsules (NCs) against periodontal infections. Eugenol-loaded polycaprolactone (PCL) NCs were prepared by solvent displacement method. The nanometric size of the prepared NCs was confirmed by transmission electron microscopy (TEM), scanning electron microscopy (SEM) and atomic force micro...

Asynchronous therapy targeting Nogo-A enhances neurobehavioral recovery by reducing neuronal loss and promoting neurite outgrowth after cerebral ischemia in mice.

Therapeutics targeting the Nogo-A signal pathway hold promise to promote recovery following brain injury. Based on the temporal characteristics of Nogo-A expression in the process of cerebral ischemia and reperfusion, we tested a novel asynchronous treatment, in which TAT-M9 was used in the early stage to decrease neuronal loss, and TAT-NEP1-40 was used in the delayed stage to promote neurite outgrowth after bilateral common carotid artery occlusion (BCCAO) in mice. Both TAT-M9 and TAT-NEP1-40 were efficien...

Targeted polymeric nanoparticles for cancer gene therapy.

In this article, advances in designing polymeric nanoparticles for targeted cancer gene therapy are reviewed. Characterization and evaluation of biomaterials, targeting ligands, and transcriptional elements are each discussed. Advances in biomaterials have driven improvements to nanoparticle stability and tissue targeting, conjugation of ligands to the surface of polymeric nanoparticles enable binding to specific cancer cells, and the design of transcriptional elements has enabled selective DNA expression s...

Radiolabelled nanoparticles: novel classification of radiopharmaceuticals for molecular imaging of cancer.

Nanotechnology has been used for every single modality in the molecular imaging arena for imaging purposes. Synergic advantages can be explored when multiple molecular imaging modalities are combined with respect to single imaging modalities. Multifunctional nanoparticles have large surface areas, where multiple functional moieties can be incorporated, including ligands for site-specific targeting and radionuclides, which can be detected to create 3D images. Recently, radiolabeled nanoparticles with individ...

Nanocarriers for cancer-targeted drug delivery.

Nanoparticles as drug delivery system have received much attention in recent years, especially for cancer treatment. In addition to improving the pharmacokinetics of the loaded poorly soluble hydrophobic drugs by solubilizing them in the hydrophobic compartments, nanoparticles allowed cancer specific drug delivery by inherent passive targeting phenomena and adopted active targeting strategies. For this reason, nanoparticles-drug formulations are capable of enhancing the safety, pharmacokinetic profiles and ...

Structure-based rational design of peptide hydroxamic acid inhibitors to target tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme as potential therapeutics for hepatitis.

The human tumor necrosis factor-α converting enzyme (TACE) has recently been raised as a new and promising therapeutic target of hepatitis and other inflammatory diseases. Here, we reported a successful application of the solved crystal structure of TACE complex with a peptide-like ligand INN for rational design of novel peptide hydroxamic acid inhibitors with high potency and selectivity to target and inhibit TACE. First, the intermolecular interactions between TACE catalytic domain and INN were character...


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