PubMed Journal Database | Journal of drug targeting RSS

03:56 EDT 19th April 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 148 from Journal of drug targeting

Monday 22nd February 1210

Co-delivery of doxorubicin and siRNA for glioma therapy by a brain targeting system: angiopep-2-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) nanoparticles.

It is very challenging to treat brain cancer because of the blood-brain barrier (BBB) restricting therapeutic drug or gene to access the brain. In this research project, angiopep-2 (ANG) was used as a brain-targeted peptide for preparing multifunctional ANG-modified poly(lactic-co-glycolic acid) (PLGA) nanoparticles (NPs), which encapsulated both doxorubicin (DOX) and epidermal growth factor receptor (EGFR) siRNA, designated as ANG/PLGA/DOX/siRNA. This system could efficiently deliver DOX and siRNA into U87...


Improvement of anti-tumor abilities on human non-small cell lung carcinoma by micellization and cross-linking of N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide copolymers.

Non-small cell lung carcinoma is one of the most frequently occurred cancers with a very high rate of recurrence. Self-assembly N-(2-hydroxypropyl) methacrylamide (HPMA) micelles and cross-linked micelles were developed to improve antitumor ability of linear HPMA copolymer. The characters of HPMA micelles were investigated and compared using human non-small cell lung carcinoma 3-D culture model and nude mice xenograft model. Cross-linked micelles showed highest cytotoxicity on A549 cell monolayers after a s...


Effective photothermal chemotherapy with docetaxel-loaded gold nanospheres in advanced prostate cancer.

Abstract Background: Multifunctional gold nanospheres (MGNs)-loaded with docetaxel (MGN@DTX) were prepared and evaluated for therapeutic efficacy in nude mice bearing human prostate cancer xenografts. Methods: MGNs were prepared from PEGylated hollow gold nanospheres (HGNs) coated with folic acid and DTPTT chelate. Then, the effect of radiolabelled MGNs ((99m)Tc-MGNs) on PC-3 cell apoptosis was assessed by flow cytometry, while their binding affinity to these cells was evaluated by cell binding assays. Next...


Polybutylcyanoacrylate nanocarriers as promising targeted drug delivery systems.

Abstract Among the materials for preparing the polymeric nanocarriers, poly(n-butylcyanoacrylate) (PBCA), a polymer with medium length alkyl side chain, is of lower toxicity and proper degradation time. Therefore, PBCA has recently been regarded as a kind of widely used, biocompatible, biodegradable, low-toxic drug carrier. This review highlights the use of PBCA-based nanocarriers (PBCA-NCs) as targeting drug delivery systems and presents the methods of preparation, the surface modification and the advantag...


Aprotinin revisited: formulation, characterization, biodistribution and therapeutic potential of new aprotinin microemulsion in acute pancreatitis.

Abstract The aim of this study was to develop aprotinin-loaded microemulsion (MA) for intravenous administration and evaluate the biodistribution and therapeutic potential of developed formulation in acute pancreatitis models in rats. Phase diagrams were constructed to identify microemulsion region and the optimal microemulsion was evaluated for physicochemical properties and treatment effect in rats, and comparisons made with the solution of aprotinin (SA). To evaluate the biodistribution of the drug by ga...


Involvement of miR-133a and miR-326 in ADM resistance of HepG2 through modulating expression of ABCC1.

Abstract Recent studies have shown that a class of small, functional RNAs, named microRNAs, may regulate multidrug resistance-associated protein 1 (ABCC1). Since ABCC1 is an important efflux transporter responsible for cellular drug disposition, the discovery of microRNAs (miRNA) brings an idea that there may be some other unknown multidrug resistance (MDR) mechanisms exist. Using computational programs, we predicted that the 3'untranslated region (3'UTR) of ABCC1 contains a potential miRNA binding site for...


Microencapsulation of therapeutic bispecific antibodies producing cells: immunotherapeutic organoids for cancer management.

Abstract Regardless of the important therapeutic advances developed over the last years for the management of cancer, the fact is that many patients still suffer from a tremendous reduction on their quality of life due to lack of complete selectivity of conventionally administered chemotherapeutic drugs. In the search of more efficacious tumor-targeted therapies, the use of bispecific antibodies (bsAbs) capable of simultaneous binding to tumor-associated antigens and to an activating receptor, such as CD3, ...


Experimental evaluation of radioiodinated sennoside B as a necrosis-avid tracer agent.

Abstract Necrosis-avid agents are a class of compounds that selectively accumulate in the necrotic tissues after systemic administration, which can be used for in vivo necrosis imaging and targeted therapies. In order to search for a necrosis-avid tracer agent with improved drugability, we labelled iodine-131 on sennoside B (SB) as a naturally occurring median dianthrone compound. The necrosis targetability and clearance properties of (131)I-SB were evaluated in model rats with liver and muscle necrosis. On...


Sesamol-loaded solid lipid nanoparticles for treatment of skin cancer.

Abstract Role of reactive oxygen species (ROS) in skin carcinogenesis is well documented. Natural molecules, like sesamol, with marked antioxidant potential can be useful in combating skin cancers. In vitro antiproliferative (using MTT assay) and DNA fragmentation studies in HL 60 cell lines, confirmed the apoptotic nature of sesamol. However, it showed a significant flux across the mice skin upon topical application, such that its local availability in skin is limited. Former is attributed mainly to its pr...


Targeting delivery of liposomes with conjugated p-aminophenyl-α-d-manno-pyranoside and apolipoprotein E for inhibiting neuronal degeneration insulted with β-amyloid peptide.

Abstract Liposomes with conjugated p-aminophenyl-α-d-manno-pyranoside (APMP) and apolipoprotein E (ApoE) (APMP-ApoE-liposomes) were employed to carry neuron growth factor (NGF) across the blood-brain barrier (BBB) and enhance the survival of degenerated neurons. APMP-ApoE-liposomes were used to deliver NGF across a monolayer of human brain-microvascular endothelial cells (HBMECs) regulated by human astrocytes (HAs) for rescuing SK-N-MC cells from an insult of β-amyloid peptide 1-42 (Aβ1-42). An increase ...


Polymeric nanofibers: targeted gastro-retentive drug delivery systems.

Abstract Background: Conventional oral dosage forms exhibit poor/low bioavailability due to incomplete release of drug and short residence time at the absorption site. Gastro-retentive drug delivery system (GRDDS) is particularly used to improve bioavailability of the drugs, which have narrow absorption window down in the levels of gastrointestinal tract and also to treat local disorders. Purpose: The purpose of this review is to describe the utility of the nanofibers as gastro-retentive dosage form. From l...

Friday 20th July 1071

Interaction of polyethylene glycol (PEG) with the membrane-binding domains following spinal cord injury (SCI): introduction of a mechanism for SCI repair.

Abstract Lipid-binding domains regulate positioning of the membrane proteins via specific interactions with phospholipid's head groups. Spinal cord injury (SCI) diminishes the integrity of neural fiber membranes at nanoscopic level. In cases that the ruptured zone size is beyond the natural resealing ability, there is a need for reinforcing factors such as polymers (e.g. Polyethylene glycol) to patch the dismantled axoplasm. Certain conserved sequential and structural patterns of interacting residues specif...


The critical role of bisphosphonates to target bone cancer metastasis: an overview.

Abstract Cancer becomes the leading cause of deaths worldwide, including breast cancer, prostate cancer and lung cancer that preferentially metastasize to bone and bone marrow. Bisphosphonates (BPs) have been used successfully for many years to reduce the skeletal complications related with the benign and malignant bone diseases that are characterized by enhanced osteoclastic bone resorption. Nitrogen-containing bisphosphonates (N-BPs) have also been demonstrated to exhibit direct anti-tumour effects. BPs b...


The use of ultrasound to release chemotherapeutic drugs from micelles and liposomes.

Abstract Several drug delivery systems have been investigated to reduce the side effects of chemotherapy by encapsulating the therapeutic agent in a nanosized carrier until it reaches the tumor site. Many of these particles are designed to be responsive to the mechanical and thermal perturbations delivered by ultrasound. Once the nanoparticle reaches the desired location, ultrasound is applied to release the chemotherapy drug only in the vicinity of the targeted (cancer) site, thus avoiding any detrimental ...

Tuesday 9th September 1044

Aerosol delivery of programmed cell death protein 4 using polysorbitol-based gene delivery system for lung cancer therapy.

Abstract The development of a safe and effective gene delivery system is the most challenging obstacle to the broad application of gene therapy in the clinic. In this study, we report the development of a polysorbitol-based gene delivery system as an alternative gene carrier for lung cancer therapy. The copolymer was prepared by a Michael addition reaction between sorbitol diacrylate (SD) and spermine (SPE); the SD-SPE copolymer effectively condenses with DNA on the nanoscale and protects it from nucleases....


Thermosensitive poly-(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly-(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) hydrogels for multi-drug delivery.

Abstract A current treatment strategy for peritoneal ovarian cancer is a combination of peritoneal surgery and multi-drug-based chemotherapy that often involves intraperitoneal (IP) injection. A thermosensitive poly-(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide)-block-poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly-(d,l-lactide-co-glycolide) (PLGA-b-PEG-b-PLGA) hydrogel platform (thermogels) enabled gel loading of poorly work-soluble paclitaxel (cytotoxic agent), 17-allylamino-17-demethoxygeldanamycin (17-AAG, heat shock protein inhibitor), ...


In vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects of targeting and photothermal sensitive solid lipid nanoparticles.

Abstract This report focuses on the in vitro and in vivo anti-cancer effects evaluation of targeting and photothermal sensitive solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) for the co-loading of docetaxel (DTX), oxidized single-walled carbon nanotubes (OSWNT) and folic acid (FA). Compared with free DTX, FA-DTX-OSWNT-SLN could efficiently cross cell membranes and afford higher antitumor efficacy on the human hepatic carcinoma cell line (SMMC-7721) in vitro. Annexin V-FITC/PI double staining further confirmed that FA-DTX-...


Insights into drug delivery across the nail plate barrier.

Abstract Topical therapy is at the forefront in treating nail ailments (especially onychomycosis and nail psoriasis) due to its local effects, which circumvents systemic adverse events, improves patient compliance and reduces treatment cost. However, the success of topical therapy has been hindered due to poor penetration of topical therapeutics across densely keratinized nail plate barrier. For effective topical therapy across nail plate, ungual drug permeation must be enhanced. Present review is designed ...


Self-assembled polymeric nanoparticle of PEGylated chitosan-ceramide conjugate for systemic delivery of paclitaxel.

Abstract Chitosan has been widely explored as one of the most favorable biomaterials for various pharmaceutical applications due to its biodegradability and biocompatibility. Here, we report novel PEGylated-chitosan-ceramide (PEG-CS-CE) that forms stable polymeric nanoparticles capable of functioning as efficient carriers of hydrophobic drug molecules. The chitosan-ceramide conjugate (CS-CE) was linked with amine-polyethyleneglycol (NH2-PEG2000) by using dicyclohexylcarbodiimide/N-hydroxysuccinimide (DCC-NH...


Angiopoietin-like proteins 3, 4 and 8: regulating lipid metabolism and providing new hope for metabolic syndrome.

Abstract Angiopoietin-like proteins (ANGPTLs) are a group of eight proteins that share structural similarity to the members of the angiopoietin protein family. ANGPTL3 plays a vital role in the regulation of the plasma levels of triglyceride and cholesterol, mainly via reversible inhibition of the lipoprotein lipase activity. ANGPTL4, which functions as a homo-oligomer different from ANGPTL3 and ANGPTL8, not only regulates the plasma levels of triglyceride and prevents the uptake of dietary lipids into adip...

Friday 27th April 1037

A medusa-like β-cyclodextrin with 1-methyl-2-(2'-carboxyethyl) maleic anhydrides, a potential carrier for pH-sensitive drug delivery.

Abstract We developed a new pH-sensitive drug delivery carrier based on β-cyclodextrin (β-CD) and 1-methyl-2-(2'-carboxyethyl) maleic anhydrides (MCM). The primary hydroxyl groups of β-CD were successfully attached to MCM residues to produce a medusa-like β-CD-MCM. The MCM residue was conjugated with cephradine (CP) with high efficiency ( > 90%). More importantly, β-CD-MCM-CP responded to the small pH drop from 7.4 to 5.5 and released greater than 80% of the drugs within 0.5 h at pH 5.5. In addit...

Thursday 26th April 1037

Silica-installed redox nanoparticles for novel oral nanotherapeutics - improvement in intestinal delivery with anti-inflammatory effects.

Abstract Silica nanoparticles were synthesized via a sol-gel method in which tetraethyl orthosilicate was hydrolyzed by the alkaline core of the nitroxide radical-containing nanoparticle (RNP). The silica nanoparticles were successively captured in the RNP core to obtain silica/RNP nanocomposite (siRNP). Alternatively, siRNP was prepared using commercially available silica nanoparticles. The amount of elemental Si present in the siRNPs was controlled from 3 wt% to 12 wt%. Notably, the obtained siRNPs we...

Wednesday 25th April 1037

The effects of dendrimer size and central metal ions on photosensitizing properties of dendrimer porphyrins.

Abstract A series of dendrimer porphyrins (GnDPM; n = generation of dendrimer, n = 1-3; M = coordination metal, M = freebase, Zn, Pt) were prepared and their photosensitizing properties were compared. All GnDPM exhibited sharp absorption in organic solvents. However, the Soret absorptions of GnDPM(CO2H) in 10 mM phosphate buffer solution (pH = 7.4) are broader than those of GnDPM in organic solvents, indicating inhomogeneous microenvironments of the focal porphyrin derivatives. All G3D...

Tuesday 24th April 1037

Aceclofenac-loaded chondroitin sulfate conjugated SLNs for effective management of osteoarthritis.

Abstract Background: In intra-articular drug delivery, there are number of shortcomings such as lymphatic drainage from the synovial cavity, frequent dosing, adverse side effects and patient discomfort in the management of osteoarthritis (OA). Purpose: This research work reports the development and characterization of aceclofenac-loaded chondroitin sulfate (CS) conjugated (CS-SLN) and unconjugated solid lipid nanoparticles (SLN) for the effective management of OA. Methods: The SLNs were prepared using modif...


Injectable poly(organophosphazene) hydrogel system for effective paclitaxel and doxorubicin combination therapy.

Abstract Combination therapy is an important option for gastric cancer which is the second leading cause of cancer-related death worldwide. The administration schedule of cell cycle-specific drugs, such as doxorubicin (DOX) and paclitaxel (PTX), is important for therapeutic efficacy. However, to control the schedule is clinically inconvenient. Additionally, in vitro cytotoxicity tests against human gastric cancer cells (SNU-601) showed that the combination indices (CIs) of DOX and PTX were 1.43 (α = 0)...

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