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01:19 EDT 28th April 2015 | BioPortfolio

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Showing PubMed Articles 1–25 of 213 from Journal of the American Geriatrics Society


American Geriatrics Society Care of Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Older Adults Position Statement: American Geriatrics Society Ethics Committee.

There is ample evidence that lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) individuals face discrimination in the healthcare setting. Providing high-quality health care for older LGBT adults will require active steps by organizations, institutions, advocacy groups, and health professionals that create an environment that is free from discrimination. This position statement that the American Geriatrics Society (AGS) Ethics Committee developed addresses the vision of the AGS for the care of LGBT older adults...


Associations Between Sleep-Disordered Breathing, Nocturnal Hypoxemia, and Subsequent Cognitive Decline in Older Community-Dwelling Men: The Osteoporotic Fractures in Men Sleep Study.

To determine whether sleep-disordered breathing (SDB), a group of disorders common in older adults characterized by breathing pauses during sleep often accompanied by hypoxemia, is associated with cognitive decline.


Early Hospital Readmission of Nursing Home Residents and Community-Dwelling Elderly Adults Discharged from the Geriatrics Service of an Urban Teaching Hospital: Patterns and Risk Factors.

To compare rates and risk factors for early hospital readmission for nursing home residents and community-dwelling older adults.


Awareness and Completion of Advance Directives in Older Korean-American Adults.

There has been growing concern about racial and ethnic disparities in completion rates of advance directives (ADs) in community-dwelling older populations. Although differences in AD completion rates between non-Hispanic whites and African Americans have been reported, not much is known about the awareness and completion of ADs in other groups of ethnic minorities. Using a sample of community-dwelling Korean-American older adults (n = 675) as a target, factors associated with their awareness and completio...

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E-Learning Module on Chronic Low Back Pain in Older Adults: Evidence of Effect on Medical Student Objective Structured Clinical Examination Performance.

The Institute of Medicine has highlighted the urgent need to close undergraduate and graduate educational gaps in treating pain. Chronic low back pain (CLBP) is one of the most common pain conditions, and older adults are particularly vulnerable to potential morbidities associated with misinformed treatment. An e-learning case-based interactive module was developed at the University of Pittsburgh Center of Excellence in Pain Education, one of 12 National Institutes of Health-designated centers, to teach stu...


Critically ill elderly adults with infection: analysis of the extended prevalence of infection in intensive care study.

To determine the effect of age on patterns of infection and on outcomes in individuals with infection.


Unmet needs of community-residing persons with dementia and their informal caregivers: findings from the maximizing independence at home study.

To determine the prevalence and correlates of unmet needs in a sample of community-residing persons with dementia (PWD) and their informal caregivers.


Burden of sliding scale insulin use in elderly long-term care residents with type 2 diabetes mellitus.

To examine prevalence, practice patterns, and associated burden of sliding scale insulin (SSI) therapy in elderly adults with type 2 diabetes (T2DM).


Prevalence of and potential risk factors for mild cognitive impairment in community-dwelling residents of Beijing.

To estimate the prevalence of mild cognitive impairment (MCI) in Beijing, China, and to explore the potential protective and risk factors for MCI.


Executive function and mortality in homebound elderly adults.

To determine the association between executive function and mortality in homebound elderly adults.


Prevalence, awareness, treatment, and control of hypertension in elderly adults with chronic kidney disease: results from the survey of Prevalence, Awareness, and Treatment Rates in Chronic Kidney Disease Patients with Hypertension in China.

Data regarding hypertension in elderly adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD) remains limited. This study aimed to assess the epidemiological characteristics of hypertension in elderly adults with CKD using data from a nationwide survey.


Cognitive dysfunction and greater visit-to-visit systolic blood pressure variability.

To determine whether variability in blood pressure (BP) is negatively associated with performance on cognitive testing.


Racial and sex differences in associations between activities of daily living and cognition in community-dwelling older adults.

To examine the association between function measured according to activities of daily living (ADLs), instrumental activ1ities of daily living (IADLs), and cognition assessed according to Mini-Mental State Examination (MMSE) scores of older African-American and non-Hispanic white community-dwelling men and women.


Predicting on-road assessment pass and fail outcomes in older drivers with cognitive impairment using a battery of computerized sensory-motor and cognitive tests.

To generate a robust model of computerized sensory-motor and cognitive test performance to predict on-road driving assessment outcomes in older persons with diagnosed or suspected cognitive impairment.


Review: two online curricula on transitions of care.

Transitional care is an important part of geriatric medicine that has not traditionally been taught to residents through formal curricula. This article reviews two online curricula available through the Portal of Geriatric Online Education. The two products reviewed here, appropriate for resident training, focus on care transitions from hospital to other care settings.


Sensor monitoring to measure and support daily functioning for independently living older people: a systematic review and road map for further development.

To study sensor monitoring (use of a sensor network placed in the home environment to observe individuals' daily functioning (activities of daily living and instrumental activities of daily living)) as a method to measure and support daily functioning for older people living independently at home.


Case-Mix and Quality Indicators in Chinese Elder Care Homes: Are There Differences Between Government-Owned and Private-Sector Facilities?

To assess the association between ownership of Chinese elder care facilities and their performance quality and to compare the case-mix profile of residents and facility characteristics in government-owned and private-sector homes.


Improving the Care of Elderly Adults Undergoing Surgery in Michigan.

To determine whether failure to rescue, as a driver of mortality, can be used to identify which hospitals attenuate the specific risks inherent to elderly adults undergoing surgery.


Association Between Higher Plasma Lutein, Zeaxanthin, and Vitamin C Concentrations and Longer Telomere Length: Results of the Austrian Stroke Prevention Study.

To examine the association between plasma concentrations of antioxidative micronutrients and leukocyte telomere length (LTL) in elderly adults.


Care and Respect for Elders in Emergencies Program: A Preliminary Report of a Volunteer Approach to Enhance Care in the Emergency Department.

Older adults who present to an emergency department (ED) generally have more-complex medical conditions with complicated care needs and are at high risk for preventable adverse outcomes during their ED visit. The Care and Respect for Elders with Emergencies (CARE) volunteer initiative is a geriatric-focused volunteer program developed to help prevent avoidable complications such as falls, delirium and use of restraints, and functional decline in vulnerable elders in the ED. The CARE program consists of beds...


Quick and Easy Is Not without Cost: Implications of Poorly Performing Nutrition Screening Tools in Hip Fracture.

To evaluate the performance of commonly applied nutrition screening tools and measures and to consider the potential costs of undiagnosed malnutrition in a case-based reimbursement funding environment.


Sleep Disturbances and Risk of Falls in Older Community-Dwelling Men: The Outcomes of Sleep Disorders in Older Men (MrOS Sleep) Study.

To test the hypothesis that subjective and objective sleep disturbances are associated with risk of incident falls in older men.


Sarcopenic Obesity and Risk of Cardiovascular Disease and Mortality: A Population-Based Cohort Study of Older Men.

To examine associations between sarcopenia, obesity, and sarcopenic obesity and risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD) and all-cause mortality in older men.


Ten-Year Effects of the Advanced Cognitive Training for Independent and Vital Elderly Cognitive Training Trial on Cognition and Everyday Functioning in Older Adults.

To determine the effects of cognitive training on cognitive abilities and everyday function over 10 years.


Methodological Challenges in Determining Longitudinal Associations Between Anticholinergic Drug Use and Incident Cognitive Decline.

To compare the effect of using different anticholinergic drug scales and different models of cognitive decline in longitudinal studies.

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