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PubMed Journals Articles About "Tobacco Atlas Estimates Almost Million Annual Deaths" RSS

09:11 EDT 18th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "Tobacco Atlas estimates almost million annual deaths" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 3,400+

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Public opinions on tax and retail-based tobacco control strategies.

While tobacco taxes and smoke-free air regulations have significantly decreased tobacco use, tobacco-related illness accounts for hundreds of thousands of annual deaths. Experts are considering additional strategies to further reduce tobacco consumption.

Impact of anti-tobacco warning labels on behaviour of tobacco users in one of the cities of Gujarat, India.

Tobacco use continues to be the leading global cause of preventable deaths, killing nearly 6 million people worldwide each year. Tobacco control must be given the high priority by scaling up tobacco control measures. In India under Control of Tobacco Product Act, it is mandatory to keep the warning labels over all kind of tobacco products in order to minimise the use of tobacco.

The empirical analysis of cigarette tax avoidance and illicit trade in Vietnam, 1998-2010.

Illicit trade carries the potential to magnify existing tobacco-related health care costs through increased availability of untaxed and inexpensive cigarettes. What is known with respect to the magnitude of illicit trade for Vietnam is produced primarily by the industry, and methodologies are typically opaque. Independent assessment of the illicit cigarette trade in Vietnam is vital to tobacco control policy. This paper measures the magnitude of illicit cigarette trade for Vietnam between 1998 and 2010 usin...

Tobacco use, its influences, triggers, and associated oral lesions among the patients attending a dental institution in rural Maharashtra, India.

World Health Organization (WHO) predicts that tobacco deaths in India may exceed 1.5 million annually by 2020.

A cluster randomized controlled trial of a brief tobacco cessation intervention for low-income communities in India: study protocol.

India has 275 million adult tobacco users and tobacco use is estimated to contribute to more than a million deaths in the country each year. There is an urgent need to develop and evaluate affordable, practicable and scalable interventions to promote cessation of tobacco use. Because tobacco use is so harmful, an increase of as little as 1 percentage point in long-term quit success rates can have an important public health impact. This protocol paper describes the rationale and methods of a large randomized...

Social determinants of tobacco consumption among Nepalese men: findings from Nepal Demographic and Health Survey 2011.

In the 20th century, 100 million people across the globe lost their lives due to consumption of tobacco. Every year 15,000 deaths in Nepal are attributable to tobacco smoking and using other products of tobacco. This study aimed to establish the proportion and the social determinants of tobacco use among Nepalese men based on the Nepal Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS), 2011.

Diabetes in the Western Pacific Region-Past, Present and Future.

In the 2013 issue of the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) Diabetes Atlas, the prevalence of diabetes in the Western Pacific (WP) Region was reported to be 8.6% in 2013, or 138 million adults, and estimated to rise to 11.1%, or 201 million adults, in 2035. The prevalence estimates of impaired glucose tolerance in 2013 and 2035 were 6.8% and 9.0%, respectively. Over 50% of people with diabetes were undiagnosed. In 2013, 187 million deaths were attributable to diabetes, 44% of which occurred in the unde...

Atrial fibrillation as a cause of death increased steeply in England between 1995 and 2010.

To report trends in mortality rates for atrial fibrillation/flutter (AF), using all the certified causes of death mentioned on death certificates (conventionally known as 'mentions') as well as the underlying cause of death, in the national population of England (1995-2010) and in a regional population with longer coverage of all-mentions mortality (1979-2010).METHODS AND RESULTS: Analysis of death registration data in England and in the Oxford record linkage study. In England between 1995 and 2010, AF was...

Disaster-related fatalities among US citizens traveling abroad.

Objective: To describe the locations and risk of death associated with natural disaster fatalities for US citizens traveling abroad. Design, setting, and participants: A retrospective database review of US citizen disaster deaths occurring worldwide. Interventions: None. Main outcome measures: Information on fatalities due to disasters was abstracted from the US Department of State Web site reporting deaths of US citizens abroad by non-natural causes from October 2002 through June 2012. The main outcome mea...

Need to Focus Beyond the Medical Causes: a Systematic Review of the Social Factors Affecting Neonatal Deaths.

Reducing the global total of 3.3 million neonatal deaths is crucial to meeting the fourth Millennium Development Goal. Until recently, attention has been on the medical causes of the neonatal deaths, while the social factors contextualising these deaths have largely remained unaddressed. The current review aimed to quantify the role of these factors in neonatal deaths.

Rabies, tetanus, leprosy, and malaria.

The developing world is still endemic to rabies, tetanus, leprosy, and malaria. Globally more than 55000 people die of rabies each year, about 95% in Asia and Africa. Annually, more than 10 million people, mostly in Asia, receive postexposure vaccination against the disease. World Health Organization estimated tetanus-related deaths at 163000 in 2004 worldwide. Globally, the annual detection of new cases of leprosy continues to decline and the global case detection declined by 3.54% during 2008 compared to...

A comparison of alternative methods for measuring cigarette prices.

Government agencies, public health organisations and tobacco control researchers rely on accurate estimates of cigarette prices for a variety of purposes. Since the 1950s, the Tax Burden on Tobacco (TBOT) has served as the most widely used source of this price data despite its limitations.

Vaccine preventable viral diseases in developing countries.

There are several viral infectious diseases with a high impact on developing countries which can be prevented by immunization with existing vaccines. The most important are poliomyelitis, measles, hepatitis B and yellow fever. Vaccines against poliomyelitis and measles used within the framework of the WHO/Expanded Programme on Immunization prevent about 1.4 million deaths from measles and 360,000 cases of paralytic polio per year in developing countries, but about 1.5 million measles' deaths and 200,000 cas...

Neonatal hyperbilirubinemia and Rhesus disease of the newborn: incidence and impairment estimates for 2010 at regional and global levels.

Background:Rhesus (Rh) disease and extreme hyperbilirubinemia (EHB) result in neonatal mortality and long-term neurodevelopmental impairment, yet there are no estimates of their burden.Methods:Systematic reviews and meta-analyses were undertaken of national prevalence, mortality, and kernicterus due to Rh disease and EHB. We applied a compartmental model to estimate neonatal survivors and impairment cases for 2010.Results:Twenty-four million (18% of 134 million live births ≥32 wk gestational age from 18...

Drugs and other chemicals involved in fatal poisoning in England and Wales during 2000-2011.

Context. Fatal poisoning data can reveal trends in the poisons encountered, which can help guide prescribing practices and product safety and other legislation, and more recently has helped to monitor the use of emerging drugs of abuse ('legal highs'). Methods. We searched Mortality Statistics - Injury and poisoning, Series DH4 (2000-2005), Mortality Statistics - Deaths registered in England and Wales, Series DR (2006-2011), and the Office for National Statistics drug poisoning database for information on f...

Health impact assessment of exposure to fine particulate matter based on satellite and meteorological information.

Air pollution in China, especially in the Pearl River Delta (PRD) region, has drastically increased in recent years. We modelled annual mean ground-level PM2.5 concentrations based on worldwide satellite information and meteorological data from 40 cities outside the PRD. The model of PM2.5 concentration (R = 0.845) was best explained by aerosol optical thickness (43.8%). We validated the spatial-temporal dimensions of the model and estimated that the annual mean PM2.5 concentration in PRD ranged between 22...


The Emergent Concern of Hepatitis B globally with special attention to Kingdom of Saudi Arabia.

Chronic viral hepatitis is highly prevalent and creates a substantial burden to healthcare systems globally. The World Health Organization (WHO) estimates that over 350 and 250 million people worldwide are chronic carrier of hepatitis B virus (HBV) and hepatitis C virus (HCV) infection respectively. These two diseases are the cause of significant global mortality and morbidity with approximately 1 million deaths each year attributable to them and their sequelae, liver disease and primary liver cancer. Altho...

How to stop tobacco use? Tobacco user's perspective.

To explore the tobacco-dependent subject's perspectives of what measures are likely to work for tobacco cessation.

Challenges of global vaccination policy.

Globally 34 million children are born that do not receive the basic vaccines. Three million of them die of diseases, for which an effective vaccine exists. An effective vaccination program demands clear-cut objectives, righteous decision-making and an effective financing system. A vaccination program should strive for wide coverage globally, be credible in the citizens' view and flexible in situations of crisis. If the renewal plans for vaccination programs are actualized, 24 to 26 million unnecessary death...

Liver cancer mortality is high in Thailand but utility of related vital statistics is limited due to national vital registration (VR) data being under reported for specific causes of deaths. Accurate methodologies and reliable supplementary data are needed to provide worthy national vital statistics. This study aimed to model liver cancer deaths based on verbal autopsy (VA) study in 2005 to provide more accurate estimates of liver cancer deaths than those reported. The results were used to estimate number o...

CDC Grand Rounds: Evidence-Based Injury Prevention.

Approximately 5.8 million persons die from injuries each year, accounting for 10% of all deaths worldwide. In the United States, 180,000 persons die each year from injuries, making the category the country's leading cause of death for those aged 1-44 years and the leading cause of years of potential life lost before age 65 years. Injuries also result in 2.8 million hospitalizations and 29 million emergency department visits each year in the United States. Motor vehicle crashes, falls, homicides, suicides, d...

WHO: More Than 7 Million Air Pollution Deaths Each Year.

Type of conception and outcomes in women with singleton pregnancy.

Background: An estimated 4.9 million women in India are infertile. If we add secondary infertility to these estimates, the number of infertile couples in India may rise to 17.9 million. Increased use of assisted conception services and information on outcomes after assisted conceptions are useful, to appropriately counsel women who utilize such services. Aim: To determine as to whether outcomes of pregnancy differ between assisted conceptions and natural conceptions in pregnant women with singleton foetuses...

Raise tobacco taxes regularly to reduce deaths from smoking, urge researchers.

Smoking-attributable burden of lung cancer in the Philippines.

In the Philippines, smoking is highly prevalent and tobacco control policies fail to fully implement the WHO Framework Convention on Tobacco Control provisions. To aid in policy change, intervention implementation, monitoring and evaluation, this study aimed to provide the first internally consistent and latest Philippine estimates of the following: disability-adjusted life-years (DALYs) lost due to lung cancer; population-attributable fractions (PAFs) of smoking; and smoking-attributable lung cancer DALYs.

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