PubMed Journals Articles About "Latanoprost Xalatan Ocular Hypertension" RSS

07:52 EST 7th February 2016 | BioPortfolio

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Showing "latanoprost Xalatan Ocular Hypertension" PubMed Articles 1–25 of 2,900+

Fixed-dose combination of AR-13324 and latanoprost: a double-masked, 28-day, randomised, controlled study in patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

To evaluate the ocular hypotensive efficacy of fixed-dose combinations of the Rho kinase inhibitor and norepinephrine transport inhibitor AR-13324 (0.01% and 0.02%) and latanoprost (PG324 Ophthalmic Solution) relative to the active components AR-13324 0.02% and latanoprost 0.005%, used bilaterally at night.

Comparison of the Effects of Dorzolamide/Timolol Fixed Combination versus Latanoprost on Intraocular Pressure and Ocular Perfusion Pressure in Patients with Normal-Tension Glaucoma: A Randomized, Crossover Clinical Trial.

To assess the noninferiority of a dorzolamide-timolol fixed combination (DTFC) versus latanoprost in terms of intraocular pressure (IOP) and to compare blood pressure (BP), ocular perfusion pressure (OPP) and diastolic ocular perfusion pressure (DOPP) between the latanoprost and DTFC groups in patients with normal-tension glaucoma (NTG).

Comparison of Ocular Pulse Amplitude-Lowering Effects of Tafluprost and Latanoprost by Dynamic Contour Tonometry.

A prospective study was performed to compare the ocular pulse amplitude (OPA)-lowering effects of tafluprost and latanoprost, used in the treatment of glaucoma, using dynamic contour tonometry.

Comparison of two- and three-times-daily topical ophthalmic application of 0.005% latanoprost solution in clinically normal dogs.

OBJECTIVE To determine whether 2- or 3-times-daily application of topical ophthalmic 0.005% latanoprost solution is more effective at lowering intraocular pressure (IOP) in clinically normal dogs. ANIMALS 9 clinically normal dogs. PROCEDURES For each dog, I drop of latanoprost 0.005% solution was applied to 1 eye every 8 or 12 hours each day for 5 days; the contralateral eye received topical ophthalmic treatment with 1 drop of saline (0.9% NaCl) solution at the times of latanoprost application. Ocular exami...

Gremlin Induces Ocular Hypertension in Mice Through Smad3-Dependent Signaling.

Transforming growth factor-β2 induces extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, which likely contributes to the defective function of the trabecular meshwork (TM) leading to glaucomatous ocular hypertension. Bone morphogenetic proteins (BMPs) inhibit these profibrotic effects of TGFβ2. The BMP antagonist gremlin is elevated in glaucomatous TM cells and increases IOP in an ex vivo perfusion culture model. The purpose of this study was to determine whether gremlin regulates ECM proteins in the TM, signals thro...

Safety and Efficacy of Adding Fixed-Combination Brinzolamide/Timolol Maleate to Prostaglandin Therapy for Treatment of Ocular Hypertension or Glaucoma.

Purpose. To evaluate the safety and efficacy of adding brinzolamide 1%/timolol maleate 0.5% fixed combination (BTFC) to a prostaglandin analog (PGA). Methods. This was a 12-week, open-label, single-arm study of patients with open-angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension with intraocular pressure (IOP) not sufficiently controlled after ≥4 weeks of PGA monotherapy. The primary outcome was mean IOP change from baseline at week 12. Other outcomes included IOP change from baseline at week 4, percentage of patient...

Repigmentation of Hypopigmented Scars Using Combination of Fractionated Carbon Dioxide Laser with Topical Latanoprost Vs. Fractionated Carbon Dioxide Laser Alone.

Fractionated carbon dioxide (CO2) can treat hypopigmented scars. Latanoprost is a prostaglandin analog used to treat glaucoma. It can cause adverse effects, such as periocular hyperpigmentation. The aim of this study was to assess the efficacy and safety of latanoprost plus CO2 laser on the repigmentation of hypopigmented scars.

Proteomics Analysis of Molecular Risk Factors in the Ocular Hypertensive Human Retina.

To better understand ocular hypertension-induced early molecular alterations that may determine the initiation of neurodegeneration in human glaucoma, this study analyzed retinal proteomic alterations in the ocular hypertensive human retina.

Relationship between short-wavelength automatic perimetry and Heidelberg retina tomograph parameters in eyes with ocular hypertension.

To compare and correlate optic nerve head parameters obtained by Heidelberg retina tomograph (HRT) with short-wavelength automatic perimetry (SWAP) indices in eyes with ocular hypertension (OHT).

Expression of leukemia inhibitory factor in the rat retina following acute ocular hypertension.

The aim of the present study was to investigate the expression of leukemia inhibitory factor (LIF) and its downstream signaling pathways in the rat retina following acute ocular hypertension. The intraocular pressure of the rats was elevated to 110 mmHg for 1 h by infusing the anterior chamber with normal saline. The retinal tissues were obtained 12 h, 24 h, and 2, 3 and 7 days after termination of the ocular hypertension. Hematoxylin and eosin and terminal deoxynucleotidyl transferase dUTP nick end la...


To compare the incidence of sustained ocular hypertension (OHT) after intravitreal injections of prepackaged versus freshly prepared bevacizumab monotherapy for the treatment of neovascular age-related macular degeneration.

Elevation of intraocular pressure in rodents using viral vectors targeting the trabecular meshwork.

Rodents are increasingly being used as glaucoma models to study ocular hypertension, optic neuropathy, and retinopathy. A number of different techniques are used to elevate intraocular pressure in rodent eyes by artificially obstructing the aqueous outflow pathway. Another successful technique to induce ocular hypertension is to transduce the trabecular meshwork of rodent eyes with viral vectors expressing glaucoma associated transgenes to provide more relevant models of glaucomatous damage to the trabecula...

Keeping an eye on dialysis: the association of hemodialysis with intraocular hypertension.

Intraocular hypertension is common during hemodialysis. Dialysis disequilibrium syndrome and intraocular hypertension occur via similar pathophysiologic mechanisms. These mechanisms may contribute to the development of glaucoma and cataracts in a patient population already at high risk for ocular abnormalities, given the common risk factors for chronic kidney disease and impaired aqueous humor outflow. We describe a patient with complicated diabetes mellitus, end-stage renal disease, and recent cataract sur...

Ocular Blood Flow Autoregulation Mechanisms and Methods.

The main function of ocular blood flow is to supply sufficient oxygen and nutrients to the eye. Local blood vessels resistance regulates overall blood distribution to the eye and can vary rapidly over time depending on ocular need. Under normal conditions, the relation between blood flow and perfusion pressure in the eye is autoregulated. Basically, autoregulation is a capacity to maintain a relatively constant level of blood flow in the presence of changes in ocular perfusion pressure and varied metabolic ...

Ocular trauma in an urban Cameroonian setting: A study of 332 cases evaluated according to the Ocular Trauma Score.

To determine the epidemiologic and clinical characteristics of ocular trauma after evaluation with the ocular trauma score at the Army Teaching Hospital in Yaoundé, Cameroon.

Implications of Sustained Elevation in Extracellular ATP in Retina Following Chronic Ocular Hypertension.

Correlations Between the Individual Risk for Glaucoma and RNFL and Optic Disc Morphometrical Evaluations in Ocular Hypertensive Patients.

To assess the correlation between the 5-year risk of developing primary open-angle glaucoma (POAG) [on the basis of the Ocular Hypertension Treatment Study (OHTS)-European Glaucoma Prevention Study (EGPS) model] and optic nerve head and retinal nerve fiber layer (RNFL) indices as evaluated by optical coherence tomography (Stratus OCT), scanning laser polarimetry (GDx ECC), and confocal laser ophthalmoscopy [Heidelberg Retinal Tomograph (HRT) III] in ocular hypertensive (OHT) individuals.

Incidence of Late-onset Ocular Hypertension Following Uncomplicated Pars Plana Vitrectomy in Pseudophakic Eyes.

The In Vitro Evaluation of Tigecycline and the In Vivo Evaluation of RPX-978 (0.5% Tigecycline) as an Ocular Antibiotic.

The goals of the current study were to determine the in vitro antibacterial activity of tigecycline against multiple clinically relevant ocular pathogens and to evaluate the in vivo ocular tolerability and efficacy of 0.5% tigecycline in a methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) keratitis model.

Subtype-dependent Morphological and Functional Degeneration of Retinal Ganglion Cells in Mouse Models of Experimental Glaucoma.

In this short review, Puyang and her colleagues compared the results from three laboratories on the dendritic and functional degeneration of retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) in mouse models of experimental glaucoma [1-4]. Acute or chronic ocular hypertension was induced in mice, and different techniques were applied to identify RGC types. The dendritic alternations of RGCs were examined following the induction of ocular hypertension, and their light response properties were characterized by the multi-electrode...

Therapy for Ocular Graft-vs-Host Disease.

Therapy for ocular graft-vs-host disease (ocular GvHD) is challenging for ophthalmologists as progress of the disease often occurs rapidly and is unforeseeable. Primary goal is the preservation or restoration of visual acuity, however, studies on ocular GvHD that have investigated therapeutic concepts are limited. In contrast, most therapeutic recommendations from consensus conferences derive from studies on dry eye diseases other than ocular GvHD. This review demonstrates the available therapies in the fol...

A New Spray Device to Deliver Topical Ocular Medication: Penetration of Fluorescein to the Anterior Segment.

To measure the penetration of fluorescein into the anterior ocular compartments after exposure of the cornea to a mist of aerosol droplets.

Selective laser trabeculoplasty compared with medical treatment for the initial management of open angle glaucoma or ocular hypertension.

Selective laser trabeculoplasty is a relatively new therapeutic alternative for the management of open angle glaucoma and ocular hypertension. On the other hand, medical treatment has robust data supporting its efficacy and has progressed in last decades with the introduction of prostaglandin analogues. To compare these two therapies, we searched Epistemonikos database, which is maintained by screening 30 databases, and identified four systematic reviews including four randomized and one non-randomized clin...

An Evidence-Based Approach To Managing Asymptomatic Elevated Blood Pressure In The Emergency Department.

Hypertension is a common chronic illness that affects 50 million individuals in the United States and approximately 30% of adults worldwide. United States emergency departments report > 900,000 annual visits for hypertension-related complaints and studies show that approximately one-third of patients with elevated blood pressure lack a formal prior diagnosis. These patients are at risk for long-term morbidity and mortality from cardiovascular, ocular, and neurological consequences. This review examines the ...

Hypertension in the adult Omani population: predictors for unawareness and uncontrolled hypertension.

Hypertension is a significant predictor for cardiovascular diseases and is the most important preventable or modifiable cause of morbidity and mortality from these diseases. Undiagnosed cases of hypertension and poor control are important factors in controlling hypertension worldwide, including Oman.

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