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Cardiac Autonomic Reactivity and Behavioral Response to Pain in Full-Term Neonates

07:24 EDT 25th July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Background: Heel lancing is a routine procedure for the diagnosis of phenylketonuria in infants. Despite the short- and long-term adverse effects of pain, there are no guidelines for the reduction of such pain. Previous studies evaluated different treatment modalities; however, in most of them, pain response was assessed by subjective measures.

Aims of study: 1. To characterize the pain response of infants by using a computerized analysis of the ECG. 2. To compare six different methods of pain reduction during heel lancing in newborns.

Methods: The time, geometric and frequency domains of the infants' ECG will be computed during heel lancing. 150 healthy full-term infants will be evaluated in six treatment groups: breastfeeding, bottle feeding, skin-to-skin contact, lying on a table without anything, lying with a pacifier and lying while getting a glucose solution. The differences in pain response to these six treatment modalities will be assessed and compared to the infants' length of cry, and scoring of the infants' behavioral response.

Study Design

Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Pain

Location

Rambam MC
Haifa
Israel

Status

Completed

Source

Rambam Health Care Campus

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

A type of pain that is perceived in an area away from the site where the pain arises, such as facial pain caused by lesion of the VAGUS NERVE, or throat problem generating referred pain in the ear.

Pain in the facial region including orofacial pain and craniofacial pain. Associated conditions include local inflammatory and neoplastic disorders and neuralgic syndromes involving the trigeminal, facial, and glossopharyngeal nerves. Conditions which feature recurrent or persistent facial pain as the primary manifestation of disease are referred to as FACIAL PAIN SYNDROMES.

Conditions characterized by pain involving an extremity or other body region, HYPERESTHESIA, and localized autonomic dysfunction following injury to soft tissue or nerve. The pain is usually associated with ERYTHEMA; SKIN TEMPERATURE changes, abnormal sudomotor activity (i.e., changes in sweating due to altered sympathetic innervation) or edema. The degree of pain and other manifestations is out of proportion to that expected from the inciting event. Two subtypes of this condition have been described: type I; (REFLEX SYMPATHETIC DYSTROPHY) and type II; (CAUSALGIA). (From Pain 1995 Oct;63(1):127-33)

Discomfort or more intense forms of pain that are localized to the cervical region. This term generally refers to pain in the posterior or lateral regions of the neck.

Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.

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