Irinotecan and Cisplatin for High Grade Neuroendocrine Carcinoma of the Gastrointestinal Tract

22:14 EST 18th December 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Primary Objective:

1. Assess the clinical activity defined by response rate of irinotecan and cisplatin in untreated patients with metastatic or unresectable high grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract.

Secondary Objective:

1. To assess the safety profile of irinotecan and cisplatin in untreated patients with metastatic or unresectable high grade neuroendocrine carcinoma of the gastrointestinal tract.

Description

Both irinotecan and carboplatin are drugs commonly used to treat cancer.

Before treatment starts, patients will have blood tests (around 4 teaspoons) and urine tests. Patients will have a chest X-ray, an electrocardiogram (ECG-a test to measure the electrical activity of the heart), and a CT scan. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood pregnancy test.

During the study, patients will receive irinotecan and cisplatin by vein over 4 hours, once a week for 2 weeks. This will be followed by 7 days in which no treatment will be given. This 3 week period is called a cycle. Cycles will be repeated unless the tumor continues to grow.

During treatment, patients will have follow-up visits every 3 weeks to check for any side effects and the status of the disease. The follow-up visits may be with either your local doctor or with the study doctor. However, visits with the study doctor should be scheduled at least every 9 weeks. If the disease gets worse or you experience any intolerable side effects, you will be taken off the study.

This is an investigational study. Both irinotecan and cisplatin are FDA approved and commercially available. Around 36 patients will participate in the study. All patients will be enrolled at M.D. Anderson.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Gastrointestinal Cancer

Intervention

Cisplatin, Irinotecan

Location

U.T. M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Completed

Source

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An inorganic and water-soluble platinum complex. After undergoing hydrolysis, it reacts with DNA to produce both intra and interstrand crosslinks. These crosslinks appear to impair replication and transcription of DNA. The cytotoxicity of cisplatin correlates with cellular arrest in the G2 phase of the cell cycle.

Tumors or cancer of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT, from the MOUTH to the ANAL CANAL.

A cancer registry mandated under the National Cancer Act of 1971 to operate and maintain a population-based cancer reporting system, reporting periodically estimates of cancer incidence and mortality in the United States. The Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) Program is a continuing project of the National Cancer Institute of the National Institutes of Health. Among its goals, in addition to assembling and reporting cancer statistics, are the monitoring of annual cancer incident trends and the promoting of studies designed to identify factors amenable to cancer control interventions. (From National Cancer Institute, NIH Publication No. 91-3074, October 1990)

Drugs used for their effects on the gastrointestinal system, as to control gastric acidity, regulate gastrointestinal motility and water flow, and improve digestion.

A glycoprotein that is secreted into the luminal surface of the epithelia in the gastrointestinal tract. It is found in the feces and pancreaticobiliary secretions and is used to monitor the response to colon cancer treatment.

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