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Australian Screening Mammography Decision Aid Trial (ASMDAT)

2014-08-27 03:47:52 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of the study is to develop and evaluate a decision aid to assist women aged 70 years and over to make an informed choice about whether to continue screening mammography.

Description

The primary aims of the study are to assess the impact of the decision aid on (1) the proportion of women who make an informed choice about whether to continue screening mammography, and (2) the participation rates of screening among women aged 70 years and older.

There are two secondary aims of the study. First, to measure the effect of the decision support tool on women's decisional conflict, anxiety, and knowledge about the issues involved in screening mammography. Second, to compare relationships between a woman's objective and perceived risk of breast cancer with her decision to continue or stop screening mammography.

Screening mammography is recommended for women aged 50-69 years but there is no recommendation for women aged 70 years and older. Therefore the decision to continue or stop having screening mammograms are largely dependent on the importance women place on the perceived benefits and harms of screening.

The decision aid is a paper workbook and worksheet containing information on the outcomes of screening mammography for women aged 70 years and older (based on a published model- Barratt et al. 2005), steps to decision making and values clarification exercise. Currently it is not known if a decision aid with information about the benefits and risks of screening mammography can help women aged 70 years and older to make an informed choice. In addition to delivering benefits to individual women in assisting them to to make an informed choice the decision aid may lead to benefits for service providers such as improved efficiency and cost-effectiveness of screening women in this age group. Thus the impact of a decision aid in the efficiency and cost-effectiveness of screening mammography is an important but untested hypothesis.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Educational/Counseling/Training

Conditions

Breast Neoplasms

Intervention

Decision aid

Location

University of Sydney
Sydney
New South Wales
Australia
2006

Status

Completed

Source

University of Sydney

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:47:52-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Breast neoplasms that do not express ESTROGEN RECEPTORS; PROGESTERONE RECEPTORS; and do not overexpress the NEU RECEPTOR/HER-2 PROTO-ONCOGENE PROTEIN.

Any neoplasms of the male breast. These occur infrequently in males in developed countries, the incidence being about 1% of that in females.

Neoplasms, usually carcinoma, located within the center of an organ or within small lobes, and in the case of the breast, intraductally. The emphasis of the name is on the location of the neoplastic tissue rather than on its histological type. Most cancers of this type are located in the breast.

Metastatic breast cancer characterized by EDEMA and ERYTHEMA of the affected breast due to LYMPHATIC METASTASIS and eventual obstruction of LYMPHATIC VESSELS by the cancer cells.

Tumors or cancer of the human BREAST.

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