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The purpose of DIME is to evaluate the safety (i.e. new onset of diabetes and other metabolic adverse events), efficacy and cost-effectiveness of antihypertensive treatment with low dose diuretics. The researchers' hypothesis is that use of low dose thiazide diuretics is metabolically safe when used with other appropriate antihypertensives, effective in reduction of blood pressure and cheaper than treatment without diuretics. Therefore, this study is an equivalence trial.
There has been substantial evidence from clinical trials to support the rationale of use of thiazide diuretics in patients with essential hypertension. Diuretics may be more effective in reduction of blood pressure in Japanese patients than Caucasian because of higher salt intake. Moreover, given a large number of hypertensive population here, diuretics may be the most cost-effective antihypertensive agent. Japanese physicians, however, tend to avoid diuretics even in elderly hypertensive patients because of much concern over metabolic adverse events including new onset diabetes, which is deemed to increase cardiovascular risk. Although it is unlikely that use of low dose (12.5 mg of HCTZ or less) diuretics is associated with metabolic adverse events when they are given with any other appropriate antihypertensive agents (e.g. Ca antagonist, ACE inhibitor, ARB, K sparing diuretics) other than β-blockers, the researchers have to confirm the safety of low dose diuretics in terms of new onset diabetes in Japanese, who are assumed to be "diabetes prone" based upon thrifty gene hypothesis.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Safety Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Prevention
Thiazide diuretics, No diuretics
University of the Ryukyus
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:52:27-0400
It is estimated that in the United States there are approximately 8 million individuals who have moderate to severe chronic kidney disease (CKD). Among them hypertension is common and is o...
The purpose of this study is to determine whether the routine combination of optimal thiazide and K+-sparing diuretic will both increase efficacy of BP reduction and reduce risk of glucose...
The purpose of this study is to test the use of tolvaptan (commercial name Samsca) when given in addition to intravenous (IV) diuretics early during an episode of acute heart failure. It w...
The purpose of the study is to test the efficacy and safety of the combination of Calcium Channel Blockers (CCBs)(of the dihydropyridine class) or Diuretics (of the thiazide class) and olm...
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In observational studies, serum urate concentrations associate with bone mineral density (BMD) and reduced risk of fractures. Thiazide diuretics slow the bone loss in healthy older adults, are associa...
OS 03-08 EFFICACY OF TELMISARTAN 40 MG (T40) AND HYDROCHLOROTHIAZIDE 25 MG (H25) MONOTHERAPY IN HIGH SODIUM INTAKE PATIENTS WITH MILD TO MODERATE HYPERTENSION (THAT STUDY): A MULTICENTER RANDOMIZED DOUBLE-BLINDED PARALLEL CONTROLLED TRIAL.
To compare the BP lowering effect of ARBs and thiazide diuretics in high sodium intake patients with mild to moderate hypertension.
Thiazide diuretics are amongst most widely prescribed and effective anti-hypertensive medicines worldwide. Thiazides however cause Thiazide-Induced Hyponatremia (TIH), a novel and potentially importan...
Diuretics remain an important medication for hypertension management among adults with chronic kidney disease (CKD), but diuretics may also worsen urinary symptoms, especially urinary incontinence (UI...
Thiazide (TZD) diuretics are among the most commonly prescribed antihypertensives globally; however their chronic blood pressure (BP) lowering mechanism remains unclear. Herein we discuss the current ...
Drugs used in the treatment of acute or chronic vascular HYPERTENSION regardless of pharmacological mechanism. Among the antihypertensive agents are DIURETICS; (especially DIURETICS, THIAZIDE); ADRENERGIC BETA-ANTAGONISTS; ADRENERGIC ALPHA-ANTAGONISTS; ANGIOTENSIN-CONVERTING ENZYME INHIBITORS; CALCIUM CHANNEL BLOCKERS; GANGLIONIC BLOCKERS; and VASODILATOR AGENTS.
Compounds that increase urine volume by increasing the amount of osmotically active solute in the urine. Osmotic diuretics also increase the osmolarity of plasma.
Agents that promote the excretion of urine through their effects on kidney function.
Heterocyclic compounds with SULFUR and NITROGEN in the ring. This term commonly refers to the BENZOTHIADIAZINES that inhibit SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS and are used as DIURETICS.
Heterocyclic compounds of a ring with SULFUR and two NITROGEN atoms fused to a BENZENE ring. Members inhibit SODIUM-POTASSIUM-CHLORIDE SYMPORTERS and are used as DIURETICS.
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