Pain Relief - Tramadol Versus Ibuprofen
The purpose of this study is to assess post operative pain following the insertion of radioactive plaque for choroidal melanoma in patients after receiving either ibuprofen or tramadol.
Patients with choroidal melanomas who are offered ruthenium plaque radiotherapy have their plaque sutured to the sclera under general anaesthesia. The plaque is removed in a few days after delivering the required radioactive dosage to the tumour. While the plaque is in situ, patients require analgesia. The management of post-operative pain is generally not considered a high priority, more importance being given to the regression of the melanoma.
This is indicated by the lack of any study addressing this aspect of care. The failure of patients in general, to complain, may perhaps be due to them having accepted that some degree of pain following 'major surgery for a malignant ocular condition' is the norm.
As per current protocol, ibuprofen is being prescribed, unless contraindicated. Although many are comfortable, others request additional analgesics. Most opioid analgesics provide better pain relief but are associated with nausea, vomiting, constipation and respiratory depression.
Tramadol is an opioid analgesic that is reported to have less of the above mentioned side affects.
Comparisons: To compare the analgesic effect of oral tramadol versus ibuprofen in such patients.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Royal Liverpool University Hospital
Active, not recruiting
Royal Liverpool University Hospital
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00111046
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
An unpigmented malignant melanoma. It is an anaplastic melanoma consisting of cells derived from melanoblasts but not forming melanin. (Dorland, 27th ed; Stedman, 25th ed)
Experimentally induced tumor that produces MELANIN in animals to provide a model for studying human MELANOMA.
Hutchinson's Melanotic Freckle
A cellular subtype of malignant melanoma. It is a pigmented lesion composed of melanocytes occurring on sun-exposed skin, usually the face and neck. The melanocytes are commonly multinucleated with a "starburst" appearance. It is considered by many to be the in situ phase of lentigo maligna melanoma.
Found in large amounts in the plasma and urine of patients with malignant melanoma. It is therefore used in the diagnosis of melanoma and for the detection of postoperative metastases. Cysteinyldopa is believed to be formed by the rapid enzymatic hydrolysis of 5-S-glutathionedopa found in melanin-producing cells.
A melanosome-specific protein that plays a role in the expression, stability, trafficking, and processing of GP100 MELANOMA ANTIGEN, which is critical to the formation of Stage II MELANOSOMES. The protein is used as an antigen marker for MELANOMA cells.
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