Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Hypertension affects up to 50 million Americans, and is a major risk factor for cardiovascular disease and other health outcomes. Among Black women, hypertension is more prevalent, less well controlled by treatment, and has more damaging health outcomes versus Whites for reasons still unclear. While several lifestyle and dietary factors are associated with hypertension, relevant biochemical and genetic markers remain less well studied
This is a nested case-control study of incident hypertension in 800 case-control pairs (400 each of white and black women, totaling 1,600 women). Data will be used from the Women's Health Initiative Observational Study (WHI-OS), a cohort of 93,676 ethnically diverse postmenopausal women aged 50 to 79 years with extensive clinical and questionnaire data. Three hypotheses will be tested. First, the investigators will assess whether markers of inflammation - C reactive protein (CRP), interleukin-6 (IL-6), IL-1-8, tumor necrosis factor (TNF) receptor 2, soluble intercellular adhesion molecule-1 (slCAM-1), and metalloproteinase-9 (MMP-9) - are associated with the risk of hypertension in White and Black women. Second, they will examine six novel polymorphisms linked to the above inflammatory biomarkers - the CRP, IL-6, IL-1-beta, TNF-a, slCAM-1, and MMP-9 genes- and two other polymorphisms related to inflammation and the metabolic syndrome- the adiponectin and PPAR-y2 genes - for their potentially important associations with the risk of hypertension. Third, they will comprehensively evaluate important single-nucleotide polymorphisms in the above genes and examine associations between common haplotypes and hypertension risk in White and Black women, using state-of-the art genotyping technology and statistical methods. Power is excellent; for each biochemical marker, they have 80% power to detect a trend across quintiles for a relative risk (RR) of hypertension, comparing the fifth versus first quintiles, of 1.49 for analyses of 800 case-control pairs and 1.74 for analyses of 400 case-control pairs. For each genetic marker, they have 80% power to detect an additive effect of an allele for a RR of hypertension of 1.36 for 800 case-control pairs and 1.57 for 400 case-control pairs.
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:54:05-0400
Human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection has been associated with a variety of cardiovascular diseases. Even most industrialised countries exhibit a growing and aging population of HIV...
This study evaluates the effects of different volumes of aerobic exercise training in cardiovascular parameters of patients with cardiovascular diseases enrolled in a cardiac rehabilitatio...
To develop a comprehensive protocol for assessing cardiovascular reactivity to stressors, for use in epidemiological and clinical investigations of cardiovascular diseases in healthy popul...
The Silesian Cardiovascular Database is an observational study of all patients hospitalized due to cardiovascular diseases. The date include information on the clinical characteristics, tr...
The incidence of cardiovascular diseases is still high and further efforts should be done in primary prevention. The main objective is to quantify the burden of subclinical atherosclerosis...
Recent studies suggest that blood-borne metabolites of gut microbiota, such as trimethylamine N-oxide (TMAO) are involved in the aetiology of cardiovascular diseases and may serve as markers of cardio...
Recent studies have shown that some aquaporins (AQPs ), including AQP1, AQP4, AQP7 and AQP9, are expressed in endothelial cells, vascular smooth muscle cells and heart of cardiovascular system. These ...
MicroRNAs have been demonstrated to be involved in human diseases, including cardiovascular diseases. Growing evidences suggest that microRNA-155, a typical multifunctional microRNA, plays a crucial r...
RDW (red cell distribution width) has been reported to been associated with the prognosis of patients with cardiovascular diseases. However, RDW is often overlooked by clinicians in treating patients ...
Oxidative stress is a major hallmark of cardiovascular diseases although a causal link was so far not proven by large clinical trials. However, there is a close association between oxidative stress an...
Pathological conditions involving the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM including the HEART; the BLOOD VESSELS; or the PERICARDIUM.
Methods and procedures for the diagnosis of diseases or dysfunction of the cardiovascular system or its organs or demonstration of their physiological processes.
Unexpected rapid natural death due to cardiovascular collapse within one hour of initial symptoms. It is usually caused by the worsening of existing heart diseases. The sudden onset of symptoms, such as CHEST PAIN and CARDIAC ARRHYTHMIAS, particularly VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA, can lead to the loss of consciousness and cardiac arrest followed by biological death. (from Braunwald's Heart Disease: A Textbook of Cardiovascular Medicine, 7th ed., 2005)
Processes and properties of the CARDIOVASCULAR SYSTEM as a whole or of any of its parts.
Dental care for patients with chronic diseases. These diseases include chronic cardiovascular, endocrinologic, hematologic, immunologic, neoplastic, and renal diseases. The concept does not include dental care for the mentally or physically disabled which is DENTAL CARE FOR DISABLED.
Benign Prostatic Hyperplasia (BPH) Erectile Dysfunction Urology Urology is the branch of medicine concerned with the urinary tract and diseases that affect it. Examples include urethritis, urethrostenosis and incontinence. Urology is a su...
Pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) is a chronic, life-threatening disorder characterized by abnormally high blood pressure in the arteries between the heart and lungs of affected individuals. Symptoms can range from mild breathles...
Cardiology is a specialty of internal medicine. Cardiac electrophysiology : Study of the electrical properties and conduction diseases of the heart. Echocardiography : The use of ultrasound to study the mechanical function/physics of the h...