Intramuscular Injections of Paliperidone Palmitate in the Arm or Buttock of Subjects With Schizophrenia
The purpose of the study is to compare the pharmacokinetic parameters (blood concentrations) of i.m. paliperidone palmitate after administration in 2 different injection sites (deltoid or gluteal).
An i.m. paliperidone palmitate long-acting formulation is under development with the aim to provide a sustained and stable level of paliperidone during each treatment cycle. The goal of this study is to determine the similarity in pharmacokinetic (blood levels) and safety profile after 2 intramuscular injections of paliperidone palmitate in the arm (deltoid muscle) and the buttock (gluteal muscle), in the dose range that will be covered in later Phase 3 trials (25 - 150 mg eq.). This is a repeated-dose, open-label, parallel group study in patients with schizophrenia. The study consists of an up to 5-day screening period, an up to 3-day tolerability period, a 14-day washout period, and a 64-day treatment period. As paliperidone is the active metabolite of risperidone, all patients will be exposed to oral risperidone during the screening period to confirm that they do not develop allergic reactions to risperidone, and to help the investigator to assign patients to 1 of the 2 treatment doses. There will be a washout of at least 2 weeks after the last oral risperidone intake before patients receive the first injection of paliperidone palmitate. Each treatment group (arm or buttock injection) will receive 2 consecutive i.m. injections of the long-acting formulation of paliperidone palmitate with a one-week interval. Whole blood samples will be collected for the determination of paliperidone palmitate and paliperidone concentrations in plasma. Whole blood samples will be obtained by venipuncture (needle stick) immediately before (pre-dose) and at 4, 8, 12, 24, 48, 72, and 96 hours after the 1st and 2nd injections of paliperidone palmitate. Following the collection of the 96-hour blood sample after the 2nd injection, additional samples will be collected every 3 to 7 days through the end of the 64-day treatment period. Safety will assessed throughout the study by monitoring adverse events; changes in clinical laboratory results; tardive dyskinesia will be rated using the Abnormal Involuntary Movement Scale (AIMS), akathisia will be rated according to the Barnes Akathisia Rating Scale (BARS), extrapyramidal symptoms will be evaluated using the Simpson-Angus Rating Scale (SAS); physical examinations; electrocardiograms (ECGs); and patient evaluation of the injection site. Paliperidone palmitate (25 or 150 mg eq.), 2 i.m. doses administered at a 1-week interval. Depending on the randomized treatment group, each patient will receive 3 doses of oral risperidone: either 1 mg once daily for 3 days or 2 mg once on the 1st day, 4 mg once on the 2nd day, and 6 mg once on the 3rd day.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00073320
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
A chronic form of schizophrenia characterized primarily by the presence of persecutory or grandiose delusions, often associated with hallucination.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by abnormality of motor behavior which may involve particular forms of stupor, rigidity, excitement or inappropriate posture.
An obsolete concept, historically used for childhood mental disorders thought to be a form of schizophrenia.
Enzyme catalyzing reversibly the hydrolysis of palmitoyl-CoA or other long-chain acyl coenzyme A compounds to yield CoA and palmitate or other acyl esters. The enzyme is involved in the esterification of fatty acids to form triglycerides. EC 18.104.22.168.
A type of schizophrenia characterized by frequent incoherence; marked loosening of associations, or grossly disorganized behavior and flat or grossly inappropriate affect that does not meet the criteria for the catatonic type; associated features include extreme social withdrawal, grimacing, mannerisms, mirror gazing, inappropriate giggling, and other odd behavior. (Dorland, 27th ed)