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Exposure, Dose, Body Burden and Health Effects of Lead

01:45 EDT 1st August 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

This is a study of the effects that lead has on the health of the central nervous system (for example, memory), peripheral nervous system (for example, sensation and strength in the hands and fingers), kidneys, blood pressure, and the blood forming system. A total of 803 lead workers and 135 persons without occupational lead exposure are being studied in South Korea. Lead in the body is being assessed by measurement of blood lead, chelatable lead (an estimate of lead in the tissues), and lead in bone. Subjects are tested three times each over three years. Several genetic factors are also being assessed for the role they play in the health effects of lead. These genes are known to differ among individuals. We are interested to know whether different forms of the same genes can modify the effect lead has on health.

Study Design

Observational Model: Defined Population, Observational Model: Natural History, Time Perspective: Longitudinal, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Lead Poisoning

Status

Active, not recruiting

Source

National Institute of Environmental Health Sciences (NIEHS)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Clinical Trials [72 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]

Penicillamine Chelation for Children With Lead Poisoning

Childhood Lead Poisoning is a widespread disease that has few effective treatments. The specific aims of this proposed clinical trial are threefold: - To determine whether a six-week...

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Saturnism, or lead poisoning, is defined by clinical symptoms (affecting primarily the nervous, hematopoietic, gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, musculoskeletal, renal and reproductive sys...

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The purpose of this project is to help families and communities identify and reduce health risks from lead, pesticides and, ultimately, other environmental hazards. We have partnered with...

Outcome Following Carbon Monoxide Poisoning in Children

Carbon monoxide poisoning is common. Many adults with CO poisoning have long-term, even permanent brain injury following poisoning. However, very little is known about the long-term outcom...

Study to Know the Efficacy of Higher Doses of Pralidoxime in Patients of Organophpsphorus Poisoning.

The purpose of this study is to determine whether high doses of pralidoxime(PAM) are effective as compare to lower doses of PAM in the management of moderately sever organophosphorus poiso...

PubMed Articles [4331 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

Acute abdominal pain and constipation due to lead poisoning.

Although uncommon, lead poisoning should be considered as a differential diagnosis in cases of unexplained acute abdominal pain in both adults and children. We present the case of a 35-year-old Asian...

Congenital lead poisoning: an unusual presentation.

Lead poisoning presents a common acquired as well as congenital environmental threat to children's health today. An unusual case of severe lead poisoning in breast fed male infant is presented here. T...

Chronic Arsenic Poisoning Following Ayurvedic Medication.

Ayurveda, Indian traditional system of medicine, is practiced commonly in South East Asia and in many parts of the world. Many ayurvedic drugs contain heavy metals and may lead to metal toxicity. Of t...

Traditional medicine: a rare cause of lead poisoning in Western countries.

A 42-year-old man from Bhutan was admitted to the emergency department with a 5-day history of abdominal pain, nausea and vomiting. Enhanced abdominal CT scan was found negative, however laboratory te...

Review of the use of lipid emulsion in nonlocal anesthetic poisoning.

Intravenous lipid emulsion (ILE) has been used widely for the treatment of poisoning due to local anesthetic agent and is increasingly reported as a therapy for other forms of poisoning. This article...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Injury to the nervous system secondary to exposure to lead compounds. Two distinct clinical patterns occur in children (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, CHILDHOOD) and adults (LEAD POISONING, NERVOUS SYSTEM, ADULT). In children, lead poisoning typically produces an encephalopathy. In adults, exposure to toxic levels of lead is associated with a peripheral neuropathy.

Neurologic disorders occurring in children following lead exposure. The most frequent manifestation of childhood lead toxicity is an encephalopathy associated with chronic ingestion of lead that usually presents between the ages of 1 and 3 years. Clinical manifestations include behavioral changes followed by lethargy; CONVULSIONS; HALLUCINATIONS; DELIRIUM; ATAXIA; and vomiting. Elevated intracranial pressure (HYPERTENSION, INTRACRANIAL) and CEREBRAL EDEMA may occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1210-2)

Neurologic conditions in adults associated with acute or chronic exposure to lead or any of its salts. The most common lead related neurologic syndrome in adults consists of a polyneuropathy involving motor fibers. This tends to affect distal nerves and may present as wrist drop due to RADIAL NEUROPATHY. Additional features of chronic lead exposure include ANEMIA; CONSTIPATION; colicky abdominal pain; a bluish lead line of the gums; interstitial nephritis (NEPHRITIS, INTERSTITIAL); and saturnine gout. An encephalopathy may rarely occur. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1212)

Poisoning caused by ingestion of SEAFOOD containing microgram levels of CIGUATOXINS. The poisoning is characterized by gastrointestinal, neurological and cardiovascular disturbances.

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