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Psychosocial Treatment for Acute Low Back Pain

14:29 EDT 18th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

Acute low back pain (severe pain that comes on suddenly and lasts a relatively short time) is very common in the United States, and accounts for substantial illness, functional limitations, pain, and health care costs. This study looks at whether a program designed to improve self-efficacy (a person's belief in his or her ability to reach a goal, such as managing one's own disease) and social support improves the health status of people with acute low back pain.

Description

Acute low back pain (ALBP) is very prevalent in the United States, accounting for substantial morbidity, functional limitations, pain, and health care costs. Psychosocial interventions that target improved symptom control and patient functioning have the potential to improve the outcomes of patients with ALBP. This study evaluates a psychosocial intervention designed to enhance self-efficacy and social support for patients with ALBP.

In this randomized, controlled trial, we will randomize eligible patients with ALBP to receive the intervention or usual care. The intervention program consists of: (1) patient education regarding ALBP; (2) explanations and rationales, in layperson's terms, of diagnostic and treatment options for ALBP; (3) discussions regarding the management of negative affect (i.e., depression, anger, fear, hostility, anxiety); (4) methods to involve social support systems; and (5) strategies to involve the primary care physician to reinforce patients' behaviors and progress. We will follow patients for 12 months and assess outcomes at 3 and 12 months.

Primary outcomes are health-related quality of life (i.e., functional status, role function, back pain symptoms) and patient satisfaction with care. Secondary outcomes include health care use, direct health care costs, self-efficacy, and social support. We will also estimate the cost-effectiveness of the intervention.

We will conduct this investigation among socioeconomically vulnerable patients with ALBP, a group that shoulders a disproportionate burden of disability and morbidity from musculoskeletal conditions and comorbid medical conditions.

Study Design

Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Acute Low Back Pain

Intervention

Psychosocial intervention

Location

Indiana University School of Medicine
Indianapolis
Indiana
United States
46202

Status

Completed

Source

National Institute of Arthritis and Musculoskeletal and Skin Diseases (NIAMS)

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Acute or chronic pain in the lumbar or sacral regions, which may be associated with musculo-ligamentous SPRAINS AND STRAINS; INTERVERTEBRAL DISK DISPLACEMENT; and other conditions.

Acute or chronic pain located in the posterior regions of the THORAX; LUMBOSACRAL REGION; or the adjacent regions.

A condition of persistent pain and discomfort in the BACK and the LEG following lumbar surgery, often seen in patients enrolled in pain centers.

Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.

Inflammation of the SACROILIAC JOINT. It is characterized by lower back pain, especially upon walking, fever, UVEITIS; PSORIASIS; and decreased range of motion. Many factors are associated with and cause sacroiliitis including infection; injury to spine, lower back, and pelvis; DEGENERATIVE ARTHRITIS; and pregnancy.

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