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Ketamine is the cornerstone of procedural sedation in emergency department but ketamine induced agitation has limited its usage by many physicians. As a solution, some propose using midazolam or haloperidol before ketamine injection. In this randomized double blind clinical trial, patients who are eligible for sedation by ketamine are allocated in 3 groups. In first group, the patients will receive 0.05 mg/kg midazolam, in second group 5 mg of haloperidol and in 3rd group a placebo five minutes before receiving the sedative dose of ketamine (1 mg/kg). The patients are assessed for agitation during and after the procedure the clinician's satisfaction with sedation instrument is evaluated after the procedure.
Ketamine is the cornerstone of procedural sedation in emergency department but ketamine induced agitation has limited its usage by many physicians. As a solution, some propose using midazolam or haloperidol before ketamine injection. In this randomized double blind clinical trial, patients who are eligible for sedation by ketamine are allocated in 3 groups. In first group, the patients will receive 0.05 mg/kg midazolam, in second group 5 mg of haloperidol and in 3rd group a placebo five minutes before receiving the sedative dose of ketamine (1 mg/kg). The patients are assessed for agitation during and after the procedure the clinician's satisfaction with sedation instrument is evaluated after the procedure. The investigator will fill standard questionnaires for agitation assessment (Richmond Agitation-Sedation Scale and Pittsburgh Agitation Scale).
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Ketamine Induced Agitation
Midazolam, Haloperidol, placebo, Ketamine
Iran, Islamic Republic of
Tehran University of Medical Sciences
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-21T20:23:22-0400
Randomised clinical trial to test the efficacy, safety and cost-effectiveness of sedatives; masked, controlled, parallel design with three arms, phase 4.
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To assess the efficacy of oral ketamine versus oral midazolam for sedation during laceration repair at a pediatric emergency department.
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A cyclohexanone derivative used for induction of anesthesia. Its mechanism of action is not well understood, but ketamine can block NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE) and may interact with sigma receptors.
A hallucinogen formerly used as a veterinary anesthetic, and briefly as a general anesthetic for humans. Phencyclidine is similar to KETAMINE in structure and in many of its effects. Like ketamine, it can produce a dissociative state. It exerts its pharmacological action through inhibition of NMDA receptors (RECEPTORS, N-METHYL-D-ASPARTATE). As a drug of abuse, it is known as PCP and Angel Dust.
A butyrophenone with general properties similar to those of HALOPERIDOL. It is used in conjunction with an opioid analgesic such as FENTANYL to maintain the patient in a calm state of neuroleptanalgesia with indifference to surroundings but still able to cooperate with the surgeon. It is also used as a premedicant, as an antiemetic, and for the control of agitation in acute psychoses. (From Martindale, The Extra Pharmacopoeia, 29th ed, p593)
An acute organic mental disorder induced by cessation or reduction in chronic alcohol consumption. Clinical characteristics include CONFUSION; DELUSIONS; vivid HALLUCINATIONS; TREMOR; agitation; insomnia; and signs of autonomic hyperactivity (e.g., elevated blood pressure and heart rate, dilated pupils, and diaphoresis). This condition may occasionally be fatal. It was formerly called delirium tremens. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, p1175)
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
Clinical Approvals Clinical Trials Drug Approvals Drug Delivery Drug Discovery Generics Drugs Prescription Drugs In the fields of medicine, biotechnology and pharmacology, drug discovery is the process by which drugs are dis...
In a clinical trial or interventional study, participants receive specific interventions according to the research plan or protocol created by the investigators. These interventions may be medical products, such as drugs or devices; procedures; or change...