The Optimal Angle of Mediolateral Episiotomy at Crowning of the Head During Labor

2016-09-22 20:53:23 | BioPortfolio


In order to determine the optimal angle to perform an episiotomy, the investigators assessed the angle of marked episiotomy lines at the first stage of labor and at the time of crowning of the head.

Incision lines for mediolateral episiotomy were pre-marked on the perineal skin at 30°, 45°, and 60° angles from the midline, at the first stage of labor, in women with singleton pregnancies. The angles of the marked lines were measured again at crowning of the head. Mediolateral episiotomy was performed only for obstetric indications.

Study Design

Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Diagnostic


Labor, Obstetric


change of medilateral angle line during crowning of the head


Wolfson Medical Center




Wolfson Medical Center

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-09-22T20:53:23-0400

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

The beginning of true OBSTETRIC LABOR which is characterized by the cyclic uterine contractions of increasing frequency, duration, and strength causing CERVICAL DILATATION to begin (LABOR STAGE, FIRST ).

The repetitive uterine contraction during childbirth which is associated with the progressive dilation of the uterine cervix (CERVIX UTERI). Successful labor results in the expulsion of the FETUS and PLACENTA. Obstetric labor can be spontaneous or induced (LABOR, INDUCED).

Medical problems associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR, such as BREECH PRESENTATION; PREMATURE OBSTETRIC LABOR; HEMORRHAGE; or others. These complications can affect the well-being of the mother, the FETUS, or both.

Pain associated with OBSTETRIC LABOR in CHILDBIRTH. It is caused primarily by UTERINE CONTRACTION as well as pressure on the CERVIX; BLADDER; and the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT. Labor pain mostly occurs in the ABDOMEN; the GROIN; and the BACK.

Scattering of a beam of electromagnetic or acoustic RADIATION, or particles, at small angles by particles or cavities whose dimensions are many times as large as the wavelength of the radiation or the de Broglie wavelength of the scattered particles. Also know as low angle scattering. (McGraw-Hill Dictionary of Scientific and Technical Terms, 6th ed) Small angle scattering (SAS) techniques, small angle neutron (SANS), X-ray (SAXS), and light (SALS, or just LS) scattering, are used to characterize objects on a nanoscale.

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