Track topics on Twitter Track topics that are important to you
Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignant liver tumor and has a grave prognosis. Obesity is an epidemic in the US.Patients with HCC and obesity are not candidates for liver transplantation, depriving them of the best option for cure from HCC.
Recent studies have shown that blocking blood vessels to a particular portion of the stomach (bariatric or left gastric artery embolization) can temporarily decrease levels of the appetite inducing hormone ghrelin, and result in weight loss.The purpose of this study is to determine if Left gastric artery embolization (LGAE) in patients with cirrhosis and HCC who are not transplant candidates due to morbid obesity, leads to clinically significant weight loss with eligibility for liver transplantation.
Obesity:In adults, obesity is defined as a BMI of greater than 30 kg/m2. It is estimated that, by the year 2030, 38% of the world's adult population will be overweight and another 20% obese .An expert panel convened by the NIH stated that for the first time in history, the steadily improving worldwide life expectancy could level off or even decline, as the result of increasing obesity.
Liver cirrhosis with portal hypertension and HCC:
The problem: Hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) is the most common primary malignant liver tumor seen in the setting of cirrhosis, which itself can be of varying etiology. NASH as cause for liver cirrhosis and HCC has been growing in last decade. Although Hepatitis C is currently the most common indication for liver transplant, longitudinal trends show that NASH has a trajectory to become the most common.
Current options in management: Patients who develop HCC in the context of underlying chronic liver disease complicated by portal hypertension are not candidates for resection therapy; rather, orthotopic liver transplantation (OLT) offers the best option for cure and long-term survival. Most transplant centers have strict criteria for OLT; one of the most common is a BMI < 35 kg/m2. Most NASH patients with HCC will have a high BMI. Unfortunately in presence of HCC these patients have a very limited time to lose enough weight to qualify to be listed. Lifestyle modification and medical therapies are relatively ineffective. Bariatric surgery is contraindicated in patients with portal hypertension due to significant increase in post-operative mortality, more relevant in patient listed to liver transplantation.
Thus a safe and effective minimally invasive option is needed. Based on currently available data, Left gastric artery embolization (LGAE) appears effective in inducing weight loss of about 10.5% in 3-6 months, with a high safety profile. In patients who have cirrhosis and portal hypertension with HCC and who are not transplant candidates due to morbid obesity , appropriate and timely weight loss of 10.5% in 3-6 months by performing LGAE may allow them to be listed and transplanted before their cirrhosis and tumor reaches an inoperable stage( within Milan criteria). In patients with HCC, the procedure can be performed concurrently with the procedure of Trans arterial chemoembolization which is commonly used in down staging HCC to Milan criteria.
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Saint Louis University
Not yet recruiting
St. Louis University
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-18T02:08:21-0400
Obesity is an epidemic in the US. With progression of obesity, Nonalcoholic steatohepatitis (NASH) has been a growing public health issue. Presently there is no cure for NASH.Prevention of...
The purpose of this study is to demonstrate comparability between Contour SE™ Microspheres and Embosphere® Microspheres for achieving post UFE fibroid devascularization in women with s...
The purpose of this study is to determine the effectiveness of radioactive microsphere infusion as a treatment for liver metastases from colon or rectal cancer. The investigators hypothes...
The primary objective is to evaluate the clinical efficacy of azithromycin microspheres treatment in outpatients with moderate to severe inflammatory acne compared with first line treatmen...
Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) and cancers that originate from the gastrointestinal tract can be resistant to standard chemotherapy and often metastasize to the liver. Lanreotide (Somatuline...
La2Zr2O7 microspheres were directly prepared by cathode plasma electrolysis (CPE) in the electrolyte of Zr(NO3)4·5H2O and La(NO3)3·6H2O. Compared with high temperature sintering methods, the energy ...
Intra-arterial brachytherapy with yttrium-90 ((90)Y) resin microspheres (radioembolization) is a procedure to selectively deliver high-dose radiation to tumors. The purpose of this research was to com...
Hollow hydroxyapatite (HA) microspheres, with a high-surface-area mesoporous shell, can provide a unique bioactive and osteoconductive carrier for proteins to stimulate bone regeneration. However, syn...
To compare the mechanical and chemical properties of three commercially available microspheres loaded with irinotecan. LifePearl (200 µm), DC Bead (100-300 µm), and Tandem (100 µm) microspher...
The present report describes a simple technique for tantalum coating of microspheres for visualization by fluoroscopy and computed tomography (CT). Spherical microspheres were soaked with Ta powder un...
A condition of having excess fat in the abdomen. Abdominal obesity is typically defined as waist circumferences of 40 inches or more in men and 35 inches or more in women. Abdominal obesity raises the risk of developing disorders, such as diabetes, hypertension and METABOLIC SYNDROME X.
The condition of weighing two, three, or more times the ideal weight, so called because it is associated with many serious and life-threatening disorders. In the BODY MASS INDEX, morbid obesity is defined as having a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2.
Agents that increase energy expenditure and weight loss by neural and chemical regulation. Beta-adrenergic agents and serotoninergic drugs have been experimentally used in patients with non-insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) to treat obesity.
Small uniformly-sized spherical particles, of micrometer dimensions, frequently labeled with radioisotopes or various reagents acting as tags or markers.
A status with BODY WEIGHT that is grossly above the acceptable or desirable weight, usually due to accumulation of excess FATS in the body. The standards may vary with age, sex, genetic or cultural background. In the BODY MASS INDEX, a BMI greater than 30.0 kg/m2 is considered obese, and a BMI greater than 40.0 kg/m2 is considered morbidly obese (MORBID OBESITY).
Hepatology is the study of liver, gallbladder, biliary tree, and pancreas, and diseases associated with them. This includes viral hepatitis, alcohol damage, cirrhosis and cancer. As modern lifestyles change, with alcoholism and cancer becoming more promi...
Alternative Medicine Cleft Palate Complementary & Alternative Medicine Congenital Diseases Dentistry Ear Nose & Throat Food Safety Geriatrics Healthcare Hearing Medical Devices MRSA Muscular Dyst...
Obesity is the condition in which excess fat has accumulated in the body (mostly in subcutaneous tissues). clinical obesity is considered to be present when a person has a BMI of over 30 (Oxford Dictionary of Medicine). It is becoming increasing common i...