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Opioid Induced Hyperalgesia (OIH) is an entity than has been demonstrated in healthy volunteers and in animal models. Is defined as an increase in the perception to painful stimuli, increasing the opioid requirements and diminishing the pain thresholds to stimuli.
The apparition of OIH is also related to the exposure to opioids during surgery, depending of the dose, the time of exposition and the type of opioid.
This condition can be modulated, specially in the perioperative context. It has been seen in healthy volunteers and in animal models, than the use of propranolol can modulate this phenomena, diminishing the postoperative requirements of analgesia. It is also unknown, the dose of propranolol required to modulate adequately OIH.
The objective of this work is to evaluate the efficacy of propranolol in the modulation of opioid induced hyperalgesia, with lower postoperative requirements of analgesia rescue.
This is a randomized controlled study, comparing 2 interventions with a placebo. The interventions will be use of propranolol, at different doses, to achieve specific plasmatic concentrations.
80 patients will be required to find a difference of 20% in the primary outcome.
The primary outcome to be measured is the postoperative use of opioids in the post anesthesic care unit.
Secondary outcomes, will be the amount of opioids used in the following 24 hours to the surgery, the time to the first dose of analgesia in the post anesthesic care unit, and the change in the pain thresholds, evaluated as pain by pressure and by tactile sensitivity, before and after surgery.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Not yet recruiting
Pontificia Universidad Catolica de Chile
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-10-18T02:08:21-0400
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An increased sensation to painful stimuli that may follow damage to soft tissue containing NOCICEPTORS or injury to a peripheral nerve. Hyperalgesia can occur both at the site of tissue damage (primary hyperalgesia) and in the surrounding undamaged areas (secondary hyperalgesia). (Kandel et al., Principles of Neural Science, 3d ed, p386)
A widely used non-cardioselective beta-adrenergic antagonist. Propranolol has been used for MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION; ARRHYTHMIA; ANGINA PECTORIS; HYPERTENSION; HYPERTHYROIDISM; MIGRAINE; PHEOCHROMOCYTOMA; and ANXIETY but adverse effects instigate replacement by newer drugs.
A genus of HALOBACTERIACEAE distinguished from other genera in the family by the presence of specific derivatives of TGD-2 polar lipids. Haloarcula are found in neutral saline environments such as salt lakes, marine salterns, and saline soils.
A family of gram-negative, moderately halophilic bacteria in the order Oceanospirillales. Members of the family have been isolated from temperate and Antarctic saline lakes, solar salt facilities, saline soils, and marine environments.
A cardioselective beta-adrenergic blocker possessing properties and potency similar to PROPRANOLOL, but without a negative inotropic effect.
Pain is a feeling (sharp or dull) triggered in the nervous system which can be transient or constant. Pain can be specific to one area of the body eg back, abdomen or chest or more general all over the body eg muscles ache from the flu. Without pain ...