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Postoperative acute renal failure is a frequent complication after a Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation (TAVI). The current practice cannot predict Acute Kidney Injuries (AKI) early enough to prevent an organic dysfunction triggering, consequently, cortical tubular necrosis.
Several recent studies in cardiac surgery have shown that sonographic criteria, the Renal Resistive Index (IRR), and a urinary biomarker, the NephroCheck™, could predict AKI promptly. These markers, sonographic and biologic, have both the advantage to be non-invasive and easy to perform. Each marker seems to have sensitivity and specificity to predict AKI promptly after cardiac surgery. Therefore, the IRR and the NephroCheck™ test could become essential tests to guide clinicians in determining rapidly whether a patient will develop AKI after a TAVI procedure. However, so far, no study has tested the NephroCheck™ in patients undergoing TAVI.
Therefore, the aim of this prospective observational study will be first to determine the effectiveness of the NephroCheck™ to predict AKI at an early stage after a TAVI procedure. The secondary outcome will be to compare the NephroCheck™ with the RRI in predicting at an earlier stage than the traditional method an AKI.
Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective
Transcatheter Aortic Valve Implantation
Renal Resistive Index/NephroCheck™test
BORDEAUX UNIVERSITY HOSPITAL - Haut Lévêque
University Hospital, Bordeaux
Published on BioPortfolio: 2016-11-30T15:45:15-0500
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The downward displacement of the cuspal or pointed end of the trileaflet AORTIC VALVE causing misalignment of the cusps. Severe valve distortion can cause leakage and allow the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to aortic regurgitation.
Pathological condition characterized by the backflow of blood from the ASCENDING AORTA back into the LEFT VENTRICLE, leading to regurgitation. It is caused by diseases of the AORTIC VALVE or its surrounding tissue (aortic root).
A type of constriction that is caused by the presence of a fibrous ring (discrete type) below the AORTIC VALVE, anywhere between the aortic valve and the MITRAL VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
A pathological constriction that can occur above (supravalvular stenosis), below (subvalvular stenosis), or at the AORTIC VALVE. It is characterized by restricted outflow from the LEFT VENTRICLE into the AORTA.
The dilatation of the aortic wall behind each of the cusps of the aortic valve.