Patent Ductus Arteriosus (PDA) Screening Trial
The ductus arteriosus directs blood away from the pulmonary circulation and toward the systemic circulation during fetal life, then closes after birth. In preterm infants the incidence of spontaneous closure decreases with gestational age. Patent ductus arteriosus (PDA) increases the risks of bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) and necrotizing enterocolitis (NEC). However, this association may not be a causal relationship.
Echocardiography is required to diagnose PDA. However, routine screening echocardiograms lead to detection of asymptomatic PDAs, for which the benefit of therapy remains unproven.
A randomized controlled trial has been designed in which 88 infants with birth weight less than or equal to 1250 grams and gestational age less than or equal to 30 weeks will be enrolled. The investigators' goal is to determine how screening echocardiography influences clinical management and outcomes in these infants.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Screening
Ductus Arteriosus, Patent
Nondisclosure of screening echocardiogram results, Disclosure of screening echocardiogram results
The Hospital of the University of Pennsylvania
University of Pennsylvania
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT01031316
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
This study is an epidemiological observational cross-sectional study designed to estimate the prevalence of echocardiographically confirmed RHD in school children from 5-14 years of age in...
The main purpose of this study is to determine if it is possible to put into practice a cardiac screening program for survivors of Hodgkin's disease. In this study, we would also like to ...
RATIONALE: Screening tests may help doctors find depression in patients with lung cancer, allow doctors to recommend treatment for depression, and improve the patient's quality of life. ...
The study is designed to answer the following research questions: 1. Evaluate the acceptability of mental health screening and of the instruments used in a sample of community livi...
The goal of this screening portion of this clinical research study is to learn if you are eligible to take part in a clinical research study using Tarceva (erlotinib hydrochloride) and eit...
This paper proposes an Echocardiogram Transmission Protocol (ETP) for real-time end-to-end transmission of echocardiograms over IP networks. The ETP has been designed taking into account the echocardi...
European studies have contributed significantly to the understanding of lung cancer screening. Smoking within screening, quality of life, nodule management, minimally invasive treatments, cancer preve...
Results of the recent National Lung Cancer Screening Trial show a significant survival benefit for annual screening with a low-dose computed tomographic (CT) scan in high-risk individuals. This result...
Background:Although gastric cancer screening is common among countries with a high prevalence of gastric cancer, there is little data to support the effectiveness of this screening. This study was des...
Swab-based nasal screening is commonly used to identify asymptomatic carriage of Staphylococcus aureus in patients. Bacterial detection depends on the uptake and release capacities of the swabs and on...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
The identification of selected parameters in newborn infants by various tests, examinations, or other procedures. Screening may be performed by clinical or laboratory measures. A screening test is designed to sort out healthy neonates (INFANT, NEWBORN) from those not well, but the screening test is not intended as a diagnostic device, rather instead as epidemiologic.
Measures for assessing the results of diagnostic and screening tests. Sensitivity represents the proportion of truly diseased persons in a screened population who are identified as being diseased by the test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly diagnosing a condition. Specificity is the proportion of truly nondiseased persons who are so identified by the screening test. It is a measure of the probability of correctly identifying a nondiseased person. (From Last, Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Positive test results in subjects who do not possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of healthy persons as diseased when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Negative test results in subjects who possess the attribute for which the test is conducted. The labeling of diseased persons as healthy when screening in the detection of disease. (Last, A Dictionary of Epidemiology, 2d ed)
Testing or screening required by federal, state, or local law or other agencies for the diagnosis of specified conditions. It is usually limited to specific populations such as categories of health care providers, members of the military, and prisoners or to specific situations such as premarital examinations or donor screening.