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Microwave Ablation of Resectable Liver Tumors

02:53 EDT 19th April 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The purpose of this protocol is to pathologically evaluate the destruction by microwave ablation of primary and metastatic liver tumors. The primary aim is to measure tissue destruction with the MedWaves Microwave Ablation/ Coagulation Ablation System.

Description

Minimally invasive surgical alternatives are becoming more attractive for the treatment of malignancy.The goal is to reduce morbidity and mortality and increase the ability to treat patients in the outpatient setting. Image-guided ablation is becoming an attractive alternative because of its relative low cost, its ability to provide large regions of coagulative necrosis in a controlled fashion, and its relatively low toxicity. Although image-guided ablative techniques have been extensively investigated for the treatment of liver tumors, there has been limited experience with microwave ablation (MWA) in the liver. This study will evaluate the treatment effect of MWA in liver tumors. Patients undergoing planned surgical removal of liver tumors will have the tumors intra-operatively treated with MWA. The histological changes will be evaluated upon removal of the specimen.

Study Design

Observational Model: Case-Only, Time Perspective: Prospective

Conditions

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

Location

The Center for Cancer Prevention & Treatment at St. Joseph Hospital
Orange
California
United States
92868

Status

Recruiting

Source

St. Joseph Hospital of Orange

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

An ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS causing chronic liver disease and hepatocellular carcinoma in woodchucks. It closely resembles the human hepatitis B virus.

The type species of the genus ORTHOHEPADNAVIRUS which causes human HEPATITIS B and is also apparently a causal agent in human HEPATOCELLULAR CARCINOMA. The Dane particle is an intact hepatitis virion, named after its discoverer. Non-infectious spherical and tubular particles are also seen in the serum.

The first alpha-globulins to appear in mammalian sera during development of the embryo and the dominant serum proteins in early embryonic life. They reappear in the adult serum during certain pathologic states, primarily hepatocellular carcinoma. They may also be elevated in the amniotic fluid and maternal serum during pregnancy in ANENCEPHALY.

A primary malignant neoplasm of epithelial liver cells. It ranges from a well-differentiated tumor with EPITHELIAL CELLS indistinguishable from normal HEPATOCYTES to a poorly differentiated neoplasm. The cells may be uniform or markedly pleomorphic, or form GIANT CELLS. Several classification schemes have been suggested.

The founding member of the EPH FAMILY RECEPTORS. It was first cloned from an erythropoietin-producing human hepatocellular carcinoma cell line and is highly conserved among many mammalian species. Overproduction of the EphA1 receptor is associated with tumors and tumor cells of epithelial origin. It is also expressed at high levels in LIVER; LUNG; and KIDNEY; which is in contrast to many other members of the Eph receptor that are found primarily in tissues of the nervous system.

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