Effects of Resistance Strength Training on Functional Capacity and Well Being of Anorexic Patients
The purpose of the present randomized controlled trial was to determine the effects of a 3-month resistance training program (2 sessions/week) on the functional mobility and muscle function, muscular dynamic strength, body composition and quality of life of young anorexic outpatients (≤16 years). The investigators also assessed cardiorespiratory variables of clinical significance such as peak oxygen uptake.
A total of 22 outpatients [20 female (Tanner stage II-IV), 2 male (Tanner stage IV); age range: 12-16 years] were finally eligible and thus participated in the study.
Participants in the intervention group were enrolled in two training sessions per week for 12 weeks. Each session lasted 60-70 min and started at ~11:30 a.m., after the intra-hospital psychotherapy session. The program was individually supervised, i.e. one instructor for every three patients.
Each session started and ended with a low intensity 10-15min warm-up and cool-down period respectively, consisting of stretching exercises involving all major muscle groups. The core portion of the training session consisted of 11 strength exercises engaging the major muscle groups, i.e. bench press, shoulder press, leg extension, leg press, leg curl, abdominal crunch, low back extension, arm curl, elbow extension, seated row and lateral pull-down. For each exercise, the participants performed one set of 8-15 repetitions (total of ~ 20s duration) with resting periods of 1-2 min between exercises. The load was gradually increased as the strength of each child improved, i.e. from 20-30% of 6 repetition maximum (6RM) at the start of the program to 50-60% of 6RM at the end. Stretching exercises of the muscles involved in the previous exercises were performed during the rest periods (21).
Participants also performed isometric contractions of large muscle groups (6 sets of 3 repetitions each, 20-30s duration per repetition) with their own body weight (for lower body exercises) or barbells (1-3kg) for upper body.
- Cardiorespiratory fitness
- Muscular strength
- Functional mobility
- Quality of life
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Single Blind, Primary Purpose: Treatment
Universidad Europea de Madrid
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00829946
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
This study will determine the importance and the level of physical activity among women with anorexia nervosa, both during inpatient treatment and 1 year after hospital discharge.
The purpose of this research study is to determine the importance and level of physical activity in people with Anorexia Nervosa.
The purpose of the proposed study is to determine the effect of walking to school for one week on total physical activity and patterns of physical activity in third, fourth and fifth grade...
Anorexia and weight loss are devastating complications in late-stage cancer patients and is strongly associated with mortality in these patients. Activation of Ghrelin receptors have bee...
This is a study testing ways to motivate new mothers to become more physically active over a one year period.
Anorexia nervosa (AN) is a chronic eating disorder affecting females and males, defined by body weight loss, higher physical activity levels and restricted food intake. Currently, the commonalities an...
Regular physical activity leads to physical and mental health benefits. Previous studies have shown physical activity to be associated with body image and gender. The aim of this cross-sectional study...
The number of days of data and number of subjects necessary to estimate total physical activity (TPA) and moderate-to-vigorous physical activity (MVPA) requires an understanding of within-and between-...
Measuring the way people vary across time in meeting recommended levels of physical activity is a pre-requisite to quantifying exposure in outcome studies or identifying determinants of sufficient phy...
Regular and structured physical activity is known to be effective in preventing and/or reducing the physical and mental decline associated with aging. Indeed, such usefulness of physical activity has ...
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Physical activity which is usually regular and done with the intention of improving or maintaining PHYSICAL FITNESS or HEALTH. Contrast with PHYSICAL EXERTION which is concerned largely with the physiologic and metabolic response to energy expenditure.
The lack or loss of APPETITE accompanied by an aversion to food and the inability to eat. It is the defining characteristic of the disorder ANOREXIA NERVOSA.
The time span between the beginning of physical activity by an individual and the termination because of exhaustion.
The physical activity of a human or an animal as a behavioral phenomenon.
Usual level of physical activity that is less than 30 minutes of moderate-intensity activity on most days of the week.