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The purpose of this trial is to determine if the study medication, CONCERTA (methylphenidate HCl), is safe and effective in improving academic performance and behavior in children with ADHD when compared to placebo.
The hypothesis is that CONCERTA (methylphenidate HCl) is safe and effective in improving academic performance and behavior in children with ADHD when compared to placebo as demonstrated using specified study measures. This is a double-blind (neither participant nor investigator knows the name of the assigned study drug), randomized (study drug assigned by chance), placebo-controlled, crossover study evaluating the academic, behavioral and cognitive effects of CONCERTA® (methylphenidate HCl) on older children with ADHD This means that all eligible children will receive treatment with methylphenidate HCl throughout the study (the titration and assessment periods) and inactive pill (placebo) on 1 of the 2 laboratory classroom days. On the other laboratory classroom day they will receive their regular dose of methylphenidate HCl. The primary efficacy variable in this study is the Permanent Product Math Test (PERMP) attempted score. Secondary Measures include: SKAMP (Swanson, Kotkin, Agler, M-Flynn, and Pelham), tests of inattention, reading fluency and comprehension, and memory. Assessments will be completed during each of the laboratory assessment days (12.5 hours). Participants will be assessed for adverse events throughout the study. Patients will initiate treatment with oral CONCERTA (methylphenidate HCl) 18 mg at baseline and continue morning dosing with increases every 3 to 7 days until an optimal dose is achieved, up to the maximum of 54 mg/day. Eligible patients will remain in the study for a maximum of 8 weeks.
Allocation: Randomized, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
methylphenidate HCl, methylphenidate HCl
Ortho-McNeil Janssen Scientific Affairs, LLC
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-07-24T14:15:07-0400
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A central nervous system stimulant used most commonly in the treatment of attention-deficit disorders in children and for narcolepsy. Its mechanisms appear to be similar to those of DEXTROAMPHETAMINE.
A behavior disorder originating in childhood in which the essential features are signs of developmentally inappropriate inattention, impulsivity, and hyperactivity. Although most individuals have symptoms of both inattention and hyperactivity-impulsivity, one or the other pattern may be predominant. The disorder is more frequent in males than females. Onset is in childhood. Symptoms often attenuate during late adolescence although a minority experience the full complement of symptoms into mid-adulthood. (From DSM-IV)
The d-form of AMPHETAMINE. It is a central nervous system stimulant and a sympathomimetic. It has also been used in the treatment of narcolepsy and of attention deficit disorders and hyperactivity in children. Dextroamphetamine has multiple mechanisms of action including blocking uptake of adrenergics and dopamine, stimulating release of monamines, and inhibiting monoamine oxidase. It is also a drug of abuse and a psychotomimetic.
The prototypical tricyclic antidepressant. It has been used in major depression, dysthymia, bipolar depression, attention-deficit disorders, agoraphobia, and panic disorders. It has less sedative effect than some other members of this therapeutic group.
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