Palatability of Oral Rehydration Solutions
The primary objective of this study is to compare the mean taste scores for three fruit flavored oral rehydration solutions in children aged 5-10 years old. The secondary objective is to compare the proportions of children who indicate a taste preference for one of the solutions.
In Canada, acute gastroenteritis remains a major cause of morbidity and hospitalizations. This, in large part, is due to an inability to realize the full benefits of oral rehydration therapy. Because oral rehydration solutions have a salty taste, many mild to moderate dehydrated children refuse to drink them. This has resulted in pediatricians recommending inappropriate solutions and the unnecessary administration of intravenous fluids. Although two meta-analyses have concluded that rice-based ORS (Enfalyte) is as or more effective than traditional ORS in reducing stool output, the palatability of different oral rehydration solutions have never been evaluated.
This will be the first prospective trial comparing the palatability of the most commonly recommended oral rehydration solutions, Pedialyte and Enfalyte with a newer solution, Pediatric Electrolyte. Both Pedialyte and Pediatric Electrolyte contain sucralose, dextrose, and fructose while Enfalyte contains rice syrup solids. Although the latter is as, or more effective than Pedialyte in reducing stool output, palatability may limit its use. Taste is important as children with gastroenteritis are frequently nauseated and may refuse to drink or vomit when consuming less palatable solutions.
We hypothesize that, compared to children who receive a rice-based ORS (Enfalyte), those who receive a sucralose ORS (Pediatric Electrolyte or Pedialyte) will report a higher mean taste score, will prefer to drink the sucralose sweetened ORS if they had to consume a larger volume, and are more likely to drink the entire volume they are provided.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Active Control, Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Enfalyte, Pediatric Electrolyte, Pedialyte
The Hospital for Sick Children
The Hospital for Sick Children
Results (where available)
- Source: http://clinicaltrials.gov/show/NCT00689312
- Information obtained from ClinicalTrials.gov on July 15, 2010
Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions
Gastroenteritis, Transmissible, Of Swine
A condition of chronic gastroenteritis in adult pigs and fatal gastroenteritis in piglets caused by a CORONAVIRUS.
INFLAMMATION of any segment of the GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT from ESOPHAGUS to RECTUM. Causes of gastroenteritis are many including genetic, infection, HYPERSENSITIVITY, drug effects, and CANCER.
Disturbances in the body's WATER-ELECTROLYTE BALANCE.
An element that is in the alkali group of metals. It has an atomic symbol K, atomic number 19, and atomic weight 39.10. It is the chief cation in the intracellular fluid of muscle and other cells. Potassium ion is a strong electrolyte and it plays a significant role in the regulation of fluid volume and maintenance of the water-electrolyte balance.
Virus diseases caused by the CORONAVIRUS genus. Some specifics include transmissible enteritis of turkeys (ENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF TURKEYS); FELINE INFECTIOUS PERITONITIS; and transmissible gastroenteritis of swine (GASTROENTERITIS, TRANSMISSIBLE, OF SWINE).
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