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Severe sepsis is a disease with a high mortality. Development of shock is a most serious complication and increases the risk of death considerably. Application of low dose hydrocortisone is currently recommended only in patients after severe septic shock has been established. Hydrocortisone therapy has a hemodynamic stabilizing effect and may reverse shock, however, the preventive application has not been investigated in a larger study. The study investigates whether low dose hydrocortisone prevents the development of shock in patients with severe sepsis. It is postulated that shock prevention may also affect morbidity and mortality.
Allocation: Randomized, Control: Placebo Control, Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment, Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor), Primary Purpose: Treatment
Universitaetsklinikum Aachen, Operative Intensivmedizin Erwachsene
Charite University, Berlin, Germany
Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-27T03:30:58-0400
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Systemic inflammatory response syndrome with a proven or suspected infectious etiology. When sepsis is associated with organ dysfunction distant from the site of infection, it is called severe sepsis. When sepsis is accompanied by HYPOTENSION despite adequate fluid infusion, it is called SEPTIC SHOCK.
The presence of fungi circulating in the blood. Opportunistic fungal sepsis is seen most often in immunosuppressed patients with severe neutropenia or in postoperative patients with intravenous catheters and usually follows prolonged antibiotic therapy.
Misunderstanding among individuals, frequently research subjects, of scientific methods such as randomization and placebo controls.
A demyelinating condition affecting the PONS and characterized clinically by an acute progressive QUADRIPLEGIA; DYSARTHRIA; DYSPHAGIA; and alterations of consciousness. Pathologic features include prominent demyelination in the central PONS with sparing of axons and neurons. This condition is usually associated with systemic disorders such as HYPONATREMIA; chronic ALCOHOLISM; LIVER FAILURE; severe BURNS; malignant NEOPLASMS; hemorrhagic PANCREATITIS; HEMODIALYSIS; and SEPSIS. The rapid medical correction of hyponatremia has been cited as a cause of this condition. (From Adams et al., Principles of Neurology, 6th ed, pp1125-6)
An effect usually, but not necessarily, beneficial that is attributable to an expectation that the regimen will have an effect, i.e., the effect is due to the power of suggestion.
Sepsis, septicaemia and blood poisoning
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