Ga68-DOTA-NOC-PET Imaging of Neuroendocrine Tumors

2014-08-26 22:34:40 | BioPortfolio


Imaging of neuroendocrine tumors (NETs) relies on conventional morphological methods and on somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS). SRS is effective for carcinoid tumors, and for most pancreatic islet-cell tumors, but may fail to detect some tumors. Furthermore, this technique may require repeated imaging over 24-48 hours. Introduction of newer somatostatin analogs such as DOTANOC improves lesion detection. In addition, labeling with Ga68 and use of PET/CT improves the pharmacokinetics of the tracer resulting in better tumor visualization, and an easier procedure with imaging over only 1-2 hours.

In this study, we propose to use Ga68-DOTANOC PET for imaging of various NETs, comparing the imaging data to those of anatomical and other functional modalities, and to histopathology, when available.


Neuroendocrine tumors (NETs), best treated by complete surgical resection, are frequently difficult to localize due to small size, presence in hollow organs, and morphological changes caused by prior surgery. Imaging of NETs relies primarily on conventional morphological methods (EUS, CT, MRI, US). Functional imaging, such as somatostatin receptor scintigraphy (SRS) using the In111-labeled somatostatin analog octreotide, provides better staging of the disease, visualization of occult tumor, and evaluation of patient eligibility for somatostatin analog treatment. This modality is effective for carcinoid tumors, and for most pancreatic islet-cell tumors. However, it may fail to detect some tumors, mostly due to low density of somatostatin receptors, with resulting lack of tumor uptake. The relatively poor spatial resolution of planar and SPECT imaging may also reduce tumor detection, particularly for small tumors and/or those with low uptake. Furthermore, this technique is lengthy, often requiring repeated imaging over 24-48 hours. Introduction of newer somatostatin analogs such as DOTANOC offers many advantages. Higher uptake of the newer analogs in more of the somatostatin receptor subtypes improves lesion detection. In addition, labeling with the positron emitter, Ga68, instead of In111 improves the pharmacokinetics of the tracer, and the faster tumor uptake and more rapid clearance from normal tissues increases tumor to background contrast, improving tumor visualization, and resulting in an easier procedure with imaging only 1-2 hours after tracer injection. The superior spatial resolution of positron emission tomography (PET) again enhances lesion detectability, and use of PET makes it possible to perform exact quantitation of tracer uptake that can be useful for monitoring therapy and for planning peptide receptor radionuclide therapy.

In this study, we propose to use Ga68-DOTANOC PET for imaging of various NETs, comparing the imaging data to those of anatomical and other functional modalities, and to histopathology, when available.

Study Design

Observational Model: Cohort, Time Perspective: Prospective


Neuroendocrine Tumor


PET scan with Ga68-DOTANOC


Department of Nuclear Medicine, Hadassah Medical Center




Hadassah Medical Organization

Results (where available)

View Results


Published on BioPortfolio: 2014-08-26T22:34:40-0400

Clinical Trials [361 Associated Clinical Trials listed on BioPortfolio]


Somatostatin receptors are overexpressed in GEP-NETs and can be visualized in vivo by radiolabeled somatostatin-analogs. During the last decades, conventional scintigraphy using 111In-DTP...

Safety and Tolerability of Everolimus as Second-line Treatment in Poorly Differentiated Neuroendocrine Carcinoma / Neuroendocrine Carcinoma G3 (WHO 2010) and Neuroendocrine Tumor G3 - an Investigator Initiated Phase II Study

The study is designed as an open-label, prospective, single arm, multicenter study of everolimus in histologically confirmed, neuroendocrine carcinoma G3 /neuroendocrine tumor G3 after fai...

Study of Pazopanib Monotherapy in Patients With Unresectable, Metastatic Neuroendocrine Tumor

To determine the response rate of pazopanib when administered as monotherapy in patients with unresectable neuroendocrine tumor.

Multimodal Neuroimaging of Stress and Reward Cues to Assess Alcoholism Risk and Relapse

Extending previous findings, and applying a novel multi-method translational approach, this project hypothesizes that there are alcohol-related neuroendocrine and neural changes observable...

Study of Panobinostat in Patients With Neuroendocrine Tumors

This summary will use Panobinostat (LBH589) in patients with neuroendocrine tumors to see how the patient's tumor responds to panobinostat. Additionally, this study will examine how long i...

PubMed Articles [7916 Associated PubMed Articles listed on BioPortfolio]

PET/CT and Bremsstrahlung Imaging After 90Y DOTANOC Therapy for Rectal Net With Liver Metastases.

Peptide receptor radionuclide therapy with Lu or Y is promising with successful results in somatostatin receptor-positive tumors. In all radiation therapies, knowledge of the radiation dose received b...

Primary neuroendocrine tumor of the kidney : A rarity.

This article presents a rare case of a primary neuroendocrine tumor (NET) of the kidney. Abdominal magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) was performed in a 56-year-old man during the follow-up of an adrena...

Breast Metastasis as the First Clinical Manifestation of Ileal Neuroendocrine Tumor. A Challenging Diagnosis with Relevant Clinical Implications.

Ileal neuroendocrine tumors are slow-growing grade 1 or, more rarely, grade 2 neuroendocrine tumors which, however, are frequently metastatic to regional lymph nodes and the liver. A few cases of ilea...

A rare cause of bile duct obstruction in adolescence: Neuroendocrine tumor.

Extrahepatic bile duct is one of the rare places for neuroendocrine tumors which comprise 0.2-2 % off all neuroendocrine tumors of gastrointestinal tract. The aim of this paper is to report a case of ...

Expression of Sex Determining Region Y-Box 2 and Pancreatic and Duodenal Homeobox 1 in Pancreatic Neuroendocrine Tumors.

The World Health Organization 2010 classification divides pancreatic neuroendocrine tumors (p-NETs) entity to well-differentiated neuroendocrine tumors (NET) and poorly differentiated neuroendocrine c...

Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

Tumors whose cells possess secretory granules and originate from the neuroectoderm, i.e., the cells of the ectoblast or epiblast that program the neuroendocrine system. Common properties across most neuroendocrine tumors include ectopic hormone production (often via APUD CELLS), the presence of tumor-associated antigens, and isozyme composition.

A group of carcinomas which share a characteristic morphology, often being composed of clusters and trabecular sheets of round "blue cells", granular chromatin, and an attenuated rim of poorly demarcated cytoplasm. Neuroendocrine tumors include carcinoids, small ("oat") cell carcinomas, medullary carcinoma of the thyroid, Merkel cell tumor, cutaneous neuroendocrine carcinoma, pancreatic islet cell tumors, and pheochromocytoma. Neurosecretory granules are found within the tumor cells. (Segen, Dictionary of Modern Medicine, 1992)

A 38-kDa integral membrane glycoprotein of the presynaptic vesicles in neuron and neuroendocrine cells. It is expressed by a variety of normal and neoplastic neuroendocrine cells and is therefore used as an immunocytochemical marker for neuroendocrine differentiation in various tumors. In ALZHEIMER DISEASE and other dementing disorders, there is an important synapse loss due in part to a decrease of synaptophysin in the presynaptic vesicles.

An acidic protein found in the NEUROENDOCRINE SYSTEM that functions as a molecular chaperone for PROPROTEIN CONVERTASE 2.

A method of differentiating individuals based on the analysis of qualitative or quantitative biological traits or patterns. This process which has applications in forensics and identity theft prevention includes DNA profiles or DNA fingerprints, hand fingerprints, automated facial recognition, iris scan, hand geometry, retinal scan, vascular patterns, automated voice pattern recognition, and ultrasound of fingers.

More From BioPortfolio on "Ga68-DOTA-NOC-PET Imaging of Neuroendocrine Tumors"


Relevant Topic

Pancreatitis Acute pancreatitis is inflammation of the pancreas caused by the release of activated pancreatic enzymes. Common triggers are biliary tract disease and chronic heavy alcohol intake.  Diagnosis is based on clinical presentation...