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Bortezomib and Rituximab for Patients With Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

01:15 EDT 23rd July 2014 | BioPortfolio

Summary

The main goal of this clinical research study is to learn if Velcade ® (bortezomib) given with rituximab can help to control Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia (WM) . This drug combination will allow researchers to collect your stem cells in case it is possible to transplant the stem cells as treatment if your WM gets worse. Researchers will also look at the safety and tolerability of this drug combination followed by treatment with other drug combinations.

Description

- Bortezomib is designed to block a protein that plays a role in cell function and growth, which may cause cancer cells to die.

- Rituximab is designed to attach to cancer cells, which may cause them to die.

- Cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and cladribine are designed to interfere with the multiplication of cancer cells, which may slow or stop their growth and spread throughout the body. This may cause the cancer cells to die.

- Dexamethasone is designed to decrease inflammation. It is also used to treat certain forms of cancer.

Before you can start treatment on this study, you will have "screening tests." These tests will help the doctor decide if you are eligible to take part in this study. The tests may be performed within 28 days of starting the study drug. You will have a physical exam, including measurement of vital signs (blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and breathing rate), height, and weight. Your medical history will be recorded. You will be asked to fill out a questionnaire regarding any neuropathy (nerve problems) you may have. The questionnaire will take about 1 minute to complete. You will have an electrocardiogram (ECG -- a test that measures the electrical activity of the heart). You will also have blood (about 4-5 teaspoons) drawn one time and urine collected (over 24 hours) to check the status of your WM. This blood is also used to screen for hepatitis. You will have an x-ray of your chest. You will have computed tomography (CT) scans of your abdomen and pelvis to see which part of your body is involved with WM. If your chest x-ray is positive, you will also have a CT scan of your chest. Women who are able to have children must have a negative blood (about 2 teaspoons) or urine pregnancy test before starting the study. You will also have a bone marrow aspiration and biopsy. To collect a bone marrow aspirate/biopsy, an area of the hip bone will be made numb with an anesthetic, and a small amount of bone marrow and bone will be withdrawn through a large needle.

If you are found to be eligible to participate in this study, you will begin taking the study drugs. You will be given two 35-day cycles of bortezomib and rituximab. Bortezomib will be given through a needle in a vein over 3-5 seconds on Days 1, 8, 15, and 22. Rituximab will also be given through a vein on Days 8 and 22. The first rituximab infusion (by vein) usually takes 6-8 hours. Later infusions are generally shorter, taking about 4 hours to complete. While you are receiving bortezomib/rituximab (for 2-3 months), valacyclovir (an anti-viral drug) is taken by mouth, once a day.

During the study, before each dose of bortezomib, you will have blood (about 2 teaspoons each time) drawn for routine tests. Your vital signs will be measured. You will be asked about any side effects you may have experienced. You will also be asked to answer the questionnaire about any neuropathy you may have.

Stem cells are the cells from which all blood cells develop. If you respond to the first 2 cycles of bortezomib/rituximab, you will then have some of your stems cells collected. You will have to sign a separate consent form that describes this procedure and its risks. After the stem cell collection, 1 cycle of cladribine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab will be given. Cladribine will be given through a vein once a day over 2 hours on Days 1-5. Cyclophosphamide is taken by mouth, twice a day on Days 1-5, and rituximab is given through a vein once a week for 4 weeks.

If you do not respond to the first cycle of bortezomib/rituximab, you will be taken off the study.

If you respond to the first but do not respond to the second cycle of bortezomib/rituximab, you will receive a third cycle. The bortezomib/rituximab will be given in the same manner as your first 2 cycles.

If you respond to the third cycle of bortezomib/rituximab, you will have some of your stems cells collected. After the stem cell collection, 1 cycle of cladribine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab will be given. Cladribine will be given through a vein once a day over 2 hours on Days 1-5. Cyclophosphamide is taken by mouth, twice a day on Days 1-5, and rituximab is given through a vein once a week for 4 weeks.

If you do not respond to the third cycle of bortezomib/rituximab, you will be given a chemotherapy regimen containing the drugs rituximab, cyclophosphamide, vincristine, and doxorubicin, together with dexamethasone. This combination is known as modified R-Hyper-CVAD. Rituximab will be given through a vein over about 4 hours on Day 1 only. Cyclophosphamide will be given through a vein every 12 hours on Days 1-4. Doxorubicin and vincristine will be given through a vein continuously over 24 hours on Days 1-4. Dexamethasone is taken by mouth daily on Days 1-4, 9-12, and 17-20.

If a partial response is seen with modified R-Hyper-CVAD, you will have some of your stem cells collected. You will receive 1 cycle of cladribine, cyclophosphamide, and rituximab. Cladribine will be given through a vein once a day over 2 hours on Days 1-5. Cyclophosphamide is taken by mouth, twice a day on Days 1-5, and rituximab is given through a vein once a week for 4 weeks.

About 1 week before the start of each cycle of chemotherapy, you will have blood (about 4-5 teaspoons) drawn for routine tests and to see how your WM is responding. You may also need to collect your urine over 24 hours, depending on if the first test was initially positive or not. You will also have a complete physical exam, including measurement of vital signs, height, and weight.

If your CT scans were positive initially, you will need to have them repeated after 2 cycles of bortezomib/rituximab and then every 6 months. Once you have a partial response confirmed by CT scans, you will not need to repeat the CT scans anymore.

If your disease does not respond to modified R-Hyper-CVAD, you will be taken off the study.

Responding participants will be followed at least every 6 months for the first 36 months (from the end of therapy). After that, you will be followed at least once a year unless the disease gets worse and needs to be re-treated. For the follow-up evaluations, you will have a physical exam, including measurement of vital signs. Blood (about 4 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests. Blood (about 4-5 teaspoons) and urine (over 24 hours) will be collected to check the status of your WM. If the x-rays and/or CT scans done at the beginning of the study were positive, you will have repeat x-rays and/or CT scans.

For patients who have not had a partial response, follow-up evaluations will be at least every 3 months. You will have a physical exam, including measurement of vital signs. Blood (about 4 tablespoons) will be drawn for routine tests. Blood (about 4-5 tablespoons) and urine (over 24 hours) will be collected to check the status of your WM.

You will be taken off the study if you do not have a partial or complete response following 3 cycles of bortezomib/rituximab and 2 cycles of modified R-Hyper-CVAD. You will be taken off the study if the disease gets worse after all planned therapy that the study doctor feels requires repetition. You will be taken off the study if intolerable side effects occur. You will be taken off the study if treatment with bortezomib is delayed for more than 2 weeks. You will be taken off the study if you develop certain other illnesses, or if there are certain changes in your health that the study doctor decides may make further treatment with the study drugs to be unacceptable.

Once you are taken off the study, you will have an end-of-study visit. At this visit, a physical exam, including measurement of vital signs, height, and weight will be performed. You will be asked about any side effects that you may have experienced. You will be asked to answer the questionnaire regarding any neuropathy you may have. Blood (about 4-6 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests and to check the status of your WM. You will need to collect your urine over 24 hours to see how your WM is responding. If your initial CT scans showed lesions that appear to be caused by WM, you will have a CT scan repeated at this time.

If you have had a partial or complete response at the end of all planned therapy, you will need to return to the clinic for follow-up visits at least once every 6 months for the first 36 months (from the end of therapy). After that, you will have follow-up visits at least once a year, unless the disease gets worse and re-treatment is necessary. At the follow-up visits, you will have a physical exam, including measurement of vital signs, height, and weight. You will be asked about any side effects that you may have experienced. Blood (about 4-6 teaspoons) will be drawn for routine tests and to check the status of your WM. Depending on the results of your original urine tests, you may need to collect your urine over 24 hours to see how your WM is responding. If your initial CT scans showed lesions that appear to be caused by WM, you will have CT scans and an x-ray of your chest repeated at this time.

This is an investigational study. Cyclophosphamide, vincristine, doxorubicin, and rituximab are commercially available and FDA-approved for treatment of Waldenstrom's macroglobulinemia. Bortezomib, dexamethasone, cladribine, and the drug combinations used in this study have been authorized for use in research only. Bortezomib has been FDA approved and it is registered in Europe for the treatment of multiple myeloma patients who have received at least one prior therapy. Tests/procedures that are required for this study are considered to be part of your routine medical care. Up to 38 patients will be enrolled in this study. All will be enrolled at M. D. Anderson.

Study Design

Allocation: Non-Randomized, Control: Uncontrolled, Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study, Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment, Masking: Open Label, Primary Purpose: Treatment

Conditions

Waldenstrom's Macroglobulinemia

Intervention

Bortezomib, Rituximab, Valacyclovir

Location

U.T.M.D. Anderson Cancer Center
Houston
Texas
United States
77030

Status

Recruiting

Source

M.D. Anderson Cancer Center

Results (where available)

View Results

Links

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Medical and Biotech [MESH] Definitions

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